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219 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Headache, Weakness

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[] RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with headache and mild hypertension after 4-FA use.[] weakness; there were two patients with stroke of undetermined etiology and they had uniform finger weakness.[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    The headache preceding an intracranial aneurysm rupture is called a sentinel headache (SH), and it is characterized by a sudden, intense, and persistent headache.[] After onset, he presented with complete weakness of both legs. The patient was diagnosed as spontaneous SAH and IVH.[] In Part 1 of this episode on Headache Pearls & Pitfalls – Migraine Headache & Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Dr. Anil Chopra and Dr.[]

  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Abstract We report a female patient presenting with headache, fatigue, ecchymoses and recent, excessive vaginal bleeding.[] One month afterwards, she returned presenting weakness and swollen face and legs, which had developed one day earlier.[] Patients may report headache, changes in vision, fever, dyspnea, and encephalopathy.[]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[] […] who presented with acute monocular visual disturbances, intense unilateral headache, painful temporal artery palpation, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and pain and weakness[] The most common symptoms include headaches, jaw or arm pain or weakness, difficulty seeing clearly, or a new cough.[]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    […] transient ischemic (TIA) 435.9 Claudication, intermittent 443.9 cerebral (artery) (see also Ischemia, cerebral, transient) 435.9 Deficit Disease, diseased - see also Syndrome Encephalomalacia[] Our patient presented with thunderclap headache and transient ischemic attack like episode with obvious SAH on CT scan.[] The patient was a 57-year-old man who was admitted to the emergency department for right-side weakness persisting for 1 hour.[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Grade IV: multicystic encephalomalacia (18.05%), porencephaly (21.66%), posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (58.33%).[] Thereafter, her mental status markedly improved and her headache resolved.[] Gait instability and left-side weakness developed abruptly 2 weeks later; brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hematoma over the right parietal-occipital lobe.[]

  • Arteriovenous Malformation

    By separating the nidus from adjacent brain (the combined effects of the hematoma cavity and encephalomalacia), the hematoma creates a space for operator and facilitates AVM[] Medication can often alleviate general symptoms such as headache, back pain, and seizures caused by AVMs and other vascular lesions.[] […] or more parts of the head, may seem like a migraine Problems walking Seizures Symptoms due to pressure on one area of the brain include: Vision problems Dizziness Muscle weakness[]

  • Decompression Sickness

    A 33-yr-old man came to the emergency department with the chief complaint of a severe headache and decreased sensation in his right hand following a deep dive on scuba.[] He presented with symptoms of tingling of both feet and left hand, weakness in both legs and sensory deficits for vibration and propriocepsis after two deep dives with decompression[] We report the case of a 30-year-old man who developed left-sided weakness and numbness after diving to a maximum depth of 15 m with a total dive time of 205min (10 repetitive[]

  • Glioblastoma Multiforme

    The vascular changes facilitate the breakdown and removal of the dead brain tissue and lead to the encephalomalacia and atrophy characteristic of old “healed” infarction.[] Main presenting symptoms included headache (85%), nausea or vomiting (65%), and seizures (35%). Papilledema (45%) was the most common physical finding.[] We compared characteristics between weak and strong galectin-1 expression, and only the expression level of galectin-3 showed a correlation.[]

  • Echovirus Infection

    Necropsy revealed hepatic necrosis, renal hemorrhage, adrenal hemorrhagic necrosis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and severe encephalomalacia.[] Abstract Forty-six people became ill with vomiting, diarrhoea and headache within days of an outdoor swimming pool opening for the summer season in a small seaside village[] Common symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, fever, and weakness.[]

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