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28 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Hemiparesis, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] SSEH presenting as a hemiparesis is less common and in such situations, it can be mistaken for a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.com] Spastic Hemiplegia/Hemiparesis: This type affects only one side of body and is more prevalent in the arms than the legs.[pediatricbrainfoundation.org] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com]

  • Cerebrovascular Disorder

    The end result is a chronic infarct with focal areas of cystic encephalomalacia and some surrounding parenchymal change due to gliosis.[spinwarp.ucsd.edu] Effects of a right hemisphere stroke: The effects of a right hemisphere stroke may include the following: left-sided weakness (left hemiparesis) or paralysis (left hemiplegia[web.archive.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A severe and sudden left-sided sensorimotor hemiparesis occurred 1 year later.[doi.org] […] ataxia, slapping foot) joint or muscle contractures neurological examination muscle spasticity increased deep tendon reflexes muscle weakness Babinski positive special tests[orthobullets.com] Cunningham, A 17-Year-Old Girl With Acute Onset of Hemiparesis, Pediatric Emergency Care, 32, 6, (388), (2016).[oadoi.org]

  • Lacunar Infarction

    Pathologically, they are small holes of encephalomalacia and are traversed by a cob-web-like mesh of fibrous strands.[radiopaedia.org] Thalamic lesion is a relatively rare cause of ataxic hemiparesis; most of the reported cases of ataxic hemiparesis caused by thalamic lesion were accompanied by sensory disturbances[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Furthermore, splints and braces can be used to support limbs and joints to prevent or treat complications such as contractures and spasticity. [8] The rehabilitation healthcare[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com] Other common types of the condition include: Pyramidal or spastic Cerebral Palsy Spastic diplegia/diparesis Spastic hemiplegia/hemiparesis Spastic quadriplegia/quadriparesis[thecplawyer.com] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org]

  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

    Multicystic encephalomalacia of infancy: clinico-pathological report of 7 cases. J Neurol Sci. 1978 ; 38: 179 - 189.[doi.org] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org] Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 2

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] Disabling consequences occurred in 3 patients; these were namely hemiparesis (patient 4, stroke at 54 years) residual hemiplegia (patient 11, stroke at 26 years), and ataxia[ahajournals.org] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[omicsonline.org]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[neuropathology-web.org] Periventricular leukomalacia § Periventricular white matter § Prems, lower limb weakness o Focal/multifocal § Unilateral or bilateral cortex and white matter § Variable hemiparesis[emilytam.com] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[autoinflammatory-search.org]

  • Childhood-Onset Idiopathic Basal Ganglia Calcification

    Loss of brain substance and encephalomalacia of white matter result in severe cerebral atrophy.[rrnursingschool.biz] […] with akathisia (sensory and motor restlessness) Torticollis, writer’s cramp, blepharospasm, spasmodic dysphonia, essential tremor, hypertrophy of contracted muscles Initial hemiparesis[musculoskeletalkey.com] joint contracture ; Microcephaly ; Seizures ; Short stature ; Spasticity ; Tetraplegia Associated Genes - Mouse Orthologs - Source OMIM:114100 (names, synonyms, disease associated[mousephenotype.org]

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