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13 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Lead Encephalopathy, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] AIDS, preterm birth, malaria, neonatal encephalopathy, and congenital causes ( figure 12 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.com] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com] Medical and legal implications of necessary requirements to diagnose damaging hypoxia-ischemic encephalopathy leading to cerebral palsy.[doi.org]

  • Cerebrovascular Disorder

    The end result is a chronic infarct with focal areas of cystic encephalomalacia and some surrounding parenchymal change due to gliosis.[spinwarp.ucsd.edu] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] AIDS, preterm birth, malaria, neonatal encephalopathy, and congenital causes ( figure 12 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[neuropathology-web.org] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[autoinflammatory-search.org] These babies experience poor feeding, leading to a failure to gain weight and grow at the expected rate (failure to thrive).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org] leading to cerebral palsy has been greatly reduced by effective monitoring and treatment for hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants. [1] As kernicterus has decreased due to[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Aqueduct of Sylvius Anomaly

    When severe, hydrocephalus may be difficult to differentiate from hydranencephaly, which is an extreme form of cerebral encephalomalacia, probably the result of occlusion[appliedradiology.com] […] of lower limb joints, congenital Spade-like hand (congenital) 755 Other congenital anomalies of limbs Excludes: those deformities classifiable to 754.0-754.8 755.0 Polydactyly[theodora.com] . • Differential Diagnoses • Normal aging brain • Alzheimer disease • Multi-infarct dementia (MID) • Subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy 22. • Pathology • Leading[slideshare.net]

  • Rickets

    Differentiate from Encephalomalacia, Femoral Head Necrosis.[thepoultrysite.com] Clubbed feet and joint contractures may be seen. There is bowing of the forearm bones with small hands.[doi.org] […] to worsening renal osteodystrophy and deteriorating cognitive function, well illustrated by aluminium-induced dialysis encephalopathy and dementia. 9 Analogous to its present[doi.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    Thin skin Cerebral calcification Ranula Anxiety Depressivity Congenital cataract Insulin resistance Epididymal cyst Spinal dysraphism Epidermal nevus Hemimegalencephaly Encephalomalacia[mendelian.co] A generalized myopathy is present in most affected individuals, leading to early fatigue and exercise intolerance.[annalsofian.org] Clinical presentation is variable and can include calf psuedohypertrophy, joint contractures, scapular winging, muscle cramping and/or facial and respiratory muscle involvement[mendelian.co]

  • Cerebellotrigeminal Dermal Dysplasia

    Pneumonia Hyperactivity Coloboma Iris coloboma Febrile seizures Leukopenia Breast carcinoma Aspiration pneumonia Stomatitis Reduced dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase activity Encephalomalacia[mendelian.co] A case of craniosynostosis with joint contractures, ear deformity, cleft palate , scoliosis, and many other features is presented. Paper-468214 .[ihop-net.org] Liver disease may manifest as elevated liver enzymes or hepatomegaly and it may lead to liver failure,7 sometimes accompanied by acute multiple organ failure (encephalopathy[docksci.com]

  • Childhood-Onset Idiopathic Basal Ganglia Calcification

    Loss of brain substance and encephalomalacia of white matter result in severe cerebral atrophy.[rrnursingschool.biz] joint contracture ; Microcephaly ; Seizures ; Short stature ; Spasticity ; Tetraplegia Associated Genes - Mouse Orthologs - Source OMIM:114100 (names, synonyms, disease associated[mousephenotype.org] joint contracture Limb contractures 0003121 Microcephaly Abnormally small skull Decreased circumference of cranium Decreased size of skull Reduced head circumference Small[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]