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49 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org]

  • Cerebrovascular Disorder

    The end result is a chronic infarct with focal areas of cystic encephalomalacia and some surrounding parenchymal change due to gliosis.[spinwarp.ucsd.edu] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 2

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[omicsonline.org] […] with early joint contractures.[mafiadoc.com]

  • Meningomyelocele

    CNS pathology in addition to the shunted hydrocephalus included encephalomalacia in 7, cerebral malformations in 2, and calcifications in 1. [ 1 ] COMMENT.[pediatricneurologybriefs.com] Children with meningomyelocele often present with joint contractures, spinal and lower limb deformities.[symptoma.com] Generally, muscular imbalance is present in patients with myelomeningocele, which results in joint contractures and developmental problems, such as hip dislocation and spinal[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 1

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[omicsonline.org] He had waddling gait, Gowers sign, and minimal joint contractures. Cardiac studies showed valvular insufficiency and atrioventricular block.[genome.jp]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] Researchers described 3 patients with EDMD-like phenotype; limb-girdle weakness, early-onset joint contractures, and dystrophic muscle biopsy, but without cardiomyopathy.[emedicine.medscape.com] In addition, in the older brother, encephalomalacia was present in the temporal lobe ( Fig 1 ).[ajnr.org]

  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    His current neuroimaging studies revealed extensive cystic encephalomalacia beneath the defective skull, suggesting that his cognitive decline could likely be attributed to[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] contractures Severe vertebral & limb anomalies w/absence of cervical vertebrae Mandibuloacral dysplasia (OMIM PS248370 ) LMNA, ZMPSTE24 AR Short stature, delayed closure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] contractures Severe vertebral & limb anomalies w/absence of cervical vertebrae Mandibuloacral dysplasia (OMIM PS248370 ) LMNA , ZMPSTE24 AR Short stature, delayed closure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster Encephalitis, Viral Encephalitozoonosis Encephalocele Encephalomalacia Encephalomyelitis Encephalomyelitis, Acute[medgene.med.harvard.edu] ]; Joint contractures; [Hands]; Fifth finger clinodactyly; Brachydactyly NEUROLOGIC: [Central nervous system]; Hypotonia (infancy); Spasticity; Mental retardation; Hydrocephalus[genome.jp] […] rhizomelia with short stature and contractures of large joints.[mendelian.co]

  • Baller-Gerold Syndrome

    EEC (Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting) syndrome Encephalocele Encephalo-Cranio-Cutaneous syndrome Encephalomalacia Exencephaly Exencephaly Facio-Auriculo-Radial[de.slideshare.net] […] defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency, and hypotonia[rrnursingschool.biz] […] facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal frenula, limb[rrnursingschool.biz]

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