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13 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Limb Joint Contracture, Somnolence

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 1

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[] Symptoms can include muscle weakness and wasting; joint stiffness with reduced range of movement; recurrent chest infections and daytime somnolence when respiratory muscles[] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster Encephalitis, Viral Encephalitozoonosis Encephalocele Encephalomalacia Encephalomyelitis Encephalomyelitis, Acute[] […] destruction Airway compromise Death Symptoms and Physical findings Of foreign body aspiration Cough Dyspnea Wheezing Stridor Cyanosis Decreased breath sounds Tachypnea Rhonchi Somnolence[] ]; Joint contractures; [Hands]; Fifth finger clinodactyly; Brachydactyly NEUROLOGIC: [Central nervous system]; Hypotonia (infancy); Spasticity; Mental retardation; Hydrocephalus[]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[] Irritability Pallor Postural instability Hypsarrhythmia Poor suck Poor head control Opisthotonus Fever Episodic fever Hyporeflexia Restlessness Hyperkinesis Excessive daytime somnolence[] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease due to GLUT2 Deficiency

    . : Pschibul A, Janzarik WG, Franck P, Hufnagel M, Beck C, Korinthenberg R: Cystic Encephalomalacia following Vasculopathy and Vasospasm of Proximal Intracranial Arteries[] […] discomfort: Cramps May present with high CK but normal strength Weakness Symmetric Respiratory failure Presenting feature in 5% to 30%: Often with other signs Symptoms: Headache; Somnolence[] Contractures: Distal Pes equinus Low body mass: Small muscles Muscle Scapular winging Respiratory insufficiency Axial: Neck & Trunk Limbs Swallowing: Normal Adult onset:[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Type 6

    Thin skin Cerebral calcification Ranula Anxiety Depressivity Congenital cataract Insulin resistance Epididymal cyst Spinal dysraphism Epidermal nevus Hemimegalencephaly Encephalomalacia[] […] boys with Kearns-Sayre syndrome ( progressive external ophthalmoplegia, heart block, elevated CSF protein, and ragged-red muscle fibers ) developed lethargy, increasing somnolence[] Most patients have somnolence, nystagmus, respiratory abnormalities and ataxia. NARP Characterized by peripheral neuropathy, ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa.[]

  • Lethal Muscular Hypertonia

    Cerebral ultrasonography and cranial CT findings revealed progressive changes such as disseminated encephalomalacia, cystic changes, ventricular dilatation and cerebral atrophy[] Therefore, patients should be carefully observed for signs of CNS depression, such as somnolence, and the dose of gabapentin or morphine should be reduced appropriately.[] joint contracture Proximal amyotrophy Bilateral talipes equinovarus Congenital muscular dystrophy Childhood onset Trophic changes related to pain Muscular dystrophy Elevated[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    CBM was generally well tolerated, although more patients on CBM than placebo reported dizziness, dry mouth, and somnolence.[] […] ataxia, slapping foot) joint or muscle contractures neurological examination muscle spasticity increased deep tendon reflexes muscle weakness Babinski positive special tests[] AEs that occurred at clearly higher rates in the CE group than in the placebo group (difference 3%) were dizziness, disturbance in attention, balance disorder, somnolence,[]

  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy

    […] abnormalities on MR imaging, including PWMI; dilated perivascular spaces; arachnoid cyst; hydrocephalus; congenital malformations; hematencephalon; subarachnoid space enlargement; encephalomalacia[] […] two to three months depending on the dose of baclofen required by the patient. 18 The most common drug-related adverse effects of ITB are chronic constipation, hypotonia, somnolence[] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures, scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes.[]