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30 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Limb Joint Contracture, Spastic Gait

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[emedicine.com]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.com] BACKGROUND: Previous researchers reported that popliteal angle did not correlate well with knee angle during gait in individuals with spastic cerebral palsy (CP).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Their neurological examinations revealed spastic gait, pyramidal tract involvement and distal muscle atrophy in the legs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ataxia, slapping foot) joint or muscle contractures neurological examination muscle spasticity increased deep tendon reflexes muscle weakness Babinski positive special tests[orthobullets.com] .,. increased spasticity, increasing para- or quardriparesis.[library.med.utah.edu]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 2

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] , aphasia, shuffling gait, and adducted thumbs (MASA) syndrome, Spastic MARS2 Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency NIPA1 Spastic paraplegia PLP1 Pelizaeus-Merzbacher[genda.com.ar] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[omicsonline.org]

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] and gait problems.[nemours.org] It is characterized by underdeveloped limbs with contractures (characterized by rigidity of joints).[birthinjuryjustice.org]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] […] motor neuron involvement Spasticity, hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, extensor plantar response Muscle atrophy, diminished deep tendon reflexes, fasciculations Cognitive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Researchers described 3 patients with EDMD-like phenotype; limb-girdle weakness, early-onset joint contractures, and dystrophic muscle biopsy, but without cardiomyopathy.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[neuropathology-web.org] Muscular dystrophy Spastic gait Trophic changes related to pain Gowers sign Spinal rigidity Hyperlordosis Increased connective tissue Increased adipose tissue Hearing impairment[mendelian.co] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[autoinflammatory-search.org]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster Encephalitis, Viral Encephalitozoonosis Encephalocele Encephalomalacia Encephalomyelitis Encephalomyelitis, Acute[medgene.med.harvard.edu] […] and gait Spastic subtype – increased tone, brisk deep tendon reflexes and extensor plantars Dyskinetic – associated with chorea, athetosis and dystonia Ataxic – associated[aimted.com] ]; Joint contractures; [Hands]; Fifth finger clinodactyly; Brachydactyly NEUROLOGIC: [Central nervous system]; Hypotonia (infancy); Spasticity; Mental retardation; Hydrocephalus[genome.jp]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease due to GLUT2 Deficiency

    . : Pschibul A, Janzarik WG, Franck P, Hufnagel M, Beck C, Korinthenberg R: Cystic Encephalomalacia following Vasculopathy and Vasospasm of Proximal Intracranial Arteries[forschdb.verwaltung.uni-freiburg.de] […] syndrome type 2 Hypotonia-cerebral atrophy-hyperglycinemia syndrome Lipoic acid synthetase deficiency Lipoyl transferase 1 deficiency Pyruvate dehydrogenase E3 deficiency # Spasticity-ataxia-gait[repository.innermed.eu] Contractures: Distal Pes equinus Low body mass: Small muscles Muscle Scapular winging Respiratory insufficiency Axial: Neck & Trunk Limbs Swallowing: Normal Adult onset:[neuromuscular.wustl.edu]

  • Childhood-Onset Idiopathic Basal Ganglia Calcification

    Loss of brain substance and encephalomalacia of white matter result in severe cerebral atrophy.[rrnursingschool.biz] […] hereditary spastic paraplegia characterized by variable onset of slowly progressive lower limb spasticity and weakness and prominent cerebellar ataxia, associated with gait[mendelian.co] joint contracture ; Microcephaly ; Seizures ; Short stature ; Spasticity ; Tetraplegia Associated Genes - Mouse Orthologs - Source OMIM:114100 (names, synonyms, disease associated[mousephenotype.org]