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234 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Seizure

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10 .[radiopaedia.org] Twenty patients (40%) had a single seizure, and most seizures (34, or 68%) were simple partial seizures or partial seizures with 2 generalization.[doi.org] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    None of the patients with epilepsy after discharge had electrographic seizures while hospitalized.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] seizures are harmful and PHT is harmless.[dx.doi.org] CONCLUSION: Hunt and Hess grade 5 and vasospasm are independent risk factors for in-hospital seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Etiologies and risk factors for seizures Focal or generalized seizures occurred in approximately 20% of TTP patients observed. 99 Seizures can be associated with TTP for several[epilepsy.com] A 12-year-old boy was hospitalized for hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, acute kidney injury, and generalized seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] illustrates that in patients with HIV-TTP who do not respond to plasma infusion, early escalation to plasma exchange may help avoid life-threatening complications such as seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Decompression Sickness

    Decompression illness is associated wtih arterial gas embolism (AGE), which results frequently in unconsciousness and seizure.[divinghbo.com] Severe cases cause symptoms such as extreme pain at the joints, headache, seizures, hearing problems, nausea and vomiting, back or abdominal pain, vision disturbances, or[humanillnesses.com] […] saline Unproven Benefit Trendelenburg position (not longer than 30min c/o cerebral oedema) avoid glucose IV avoid hypertension and anxiety corticosteroids benzodiazepine for seizures[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Deficiency of Sulfite Oxidase

    This precedes severe cystic encephalomalacia and suggests that the energy failure associated with neuronal dysfunction and myelin disintegration occurs early in isolated sulfite[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of a newborn infant boy with isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency who presented with generalized seizures on his fourth day of life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Conclusion ISOD should be considered in all neonates and infants with early formation of multicystic encephalomalacia but no obvious insults.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Head injury producing contusion or haemorrhage that results in encephalomalacia or cortical scarring. Hamartomas. Gliomas.[patient.info] […] secondary generalized seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tumors, cortical dysplasia, vascular malformations, head trauma and encephalomalacia have all been discovered in a significant amount of patients who developed TLS.[symptoma.com]

  • Familial Porencephaly

    Section: Disseminated encephalomalacia with cavity formation. 3rd ed.[link.springer.com] This report describes a patient with unilateral schizencephaly and poorly controlled complex partial seizures who was found to have a temporal lobe seizure focus; anterior[tenetfloridaphysicianservices.com] Seizure onset is usually in the first two years of life, with earlier age of seizure onset seen in those with bilateral/open-lipped clefts.[epilepsydiagnosis.org]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The question frequently arises whether the neurological symptoms are caused by cerebral hemorrhages as a result of rupture of diseased vessels, encephalomalacias from thrombosis[annals.org] RESULTS: We identified 8233 patients with HE, 191 091 with seizure, and 308 680 with transient ischemic attack.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hypertension: one had acute headache from acute hypertension, one had daily, morning headaches from chronic hypertension, and one had acute headache with generalized tonic-clonic seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • West Syndrome

    Encephalomalacia/sequelae to perinatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy was the major finding on neuroimaging seen in 32.4% cases, the 2nd commonest finding being just atrophy[frontiersin.org] On the tenth day of treatment, he developed frequent partial seizures, characterized by being motionless during the seizure with eye deviation to the right.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The generalized tonic seizures began with bi-frontal polyspikes on EEG. Our diagnosis was lissencephaly presenting with West syndrome and generalized tonic seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalitis

    Eventually, it results in marked cystic encephalomalacia and volume loss in affected areas.[radiopaedia.org] Eight patients had medically intractable seizures at last follow-up and were more likely than patients with seizure remission to have generalized tonic-clonic seizures and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a patient with LGI1 encephalitis and "faciobrachial dystonic seizures-plus", which began as classic faciobrachial dystonic seizures and progressed to focal seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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