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326 Possible Causes for Encephalomalacia, Seizure

  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    It is well known that multicystic encephalomalacia results in a severe neurological deficit and psychomotor retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The partial seizures were gradually alleviated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Efficacy assessments included changes in rates of drop seizures and total seizures, responder rates ( 50%, 75%, or 100% decreases in seizure frequency vs. baseline), sustained[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neurocysticercosis

    Residual encephalomalacia is noted in the location previously occupied by the cyst.[surgicalneurologyint.com] Seizures are the commonest manifestation of brain parenchymal cysticercosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We sought to describe the burden of Neurocysticercosis among individuals with a first-time seizure in Namibia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Head injury producing contusion or haemorrhage that results in encephalomalacia or cortical scarring. Hamartomas. Gliomas.[patient.info] […] generalized seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] lobe epilepsy include the following: Infections, eg, herpes encephalitis, bacterial meningitis, neurocysticercosis Trauma producing contusion or hemorrhage that results in encephalomalacia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Encephalitis

    Eventually, it results in marked cystic encephalomalacia and volume loss in affected areas.[radiopaedia.org] Eight patients had medically intractable seizures at last follow-up and were more likely than patients with seizure remission to have generalized tonic-clonic seizures and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    Eventually, a generalised encephalomalacia develops 1 and parenchymal loss may be seen in later stages.[radiopaedia.org] Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a progressive disorder which also presents with various types of seizures, mainly myoclonic jerks, atonic attacks and tonic-clonic seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Later, encephalomalacia and atrophy develops ( 1 – 4 ).[ajnr.org]

  • Lissencephaly

    MR findings include migrational anomalies like lissencephaly and polymicrogyria, encephalomalacia with non-specific ventricular enlargement, prominent sulci, subependymal[ijpmonline.org] It is to consider lissencephaly in the diagnosis of developmental delay with seizure disorder as many patients may be diagnosed as cerebral palsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] tonic-clonic seizures being the predominant type.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arteriovenous Malformation

    By separating the nidus from adjacent brain (the combined effects of the hematoma cavity and encephalomalacia), the hematoma creates a space for operator and facilitates AVM[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An epileptic seizure may have been the cause of the fall. AVM on his brain was considered to be the focal lesion of epileptic seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography without contrast material revealed a new acute intraparenchymal hemorrhage (Panel A, arrow) adjacent to an area of encephalomalacia (Panel A, arrowhead[nejm.org]

  • Asphyxia

    This entity is called cystic encephalomalacia or multicystic encephalopathy . Ulegyria Ulegyria. Atrophic-wormy-gyri and a cyst.[neuropathology-web.org] […] neonatal seizures seizure prediction Accepted January 19, 2006.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] The seizures comprised complex partial seizures with visual symptomatology in 5 cases, complex partial seizures without visual symptomatology in 4 cases, and focal motor seizures[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Facial Hemiatrophy

    These areas were stable over time, without contrast enhancement, and were consistent with the MRI characteristics of cystic encephalomalacia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Intractable complex partial seizures developed in a 3-year-old female with normal intracranial findings on computed tomography.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The neurological clinical features were infantile hemiplegia, mild mental retardation and focal seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • MELAS Syndrome

    Brain computed tomographic scan showed encephalomalacia in the right parieto-occipital area and recent hypodensity in the left temporoparieto-occipital area with cortical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After two years without seizures, the non-enhanced hyperintense parieto-temporo-occipital lesion had disappeared, being attributed to consequent seizure control.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 11-year-old boy presented with seizure and cortical blindness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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