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149 Possible Causes for Endocarditis, Thickening of the Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Haemophilus parainfluenzae is a frequent cause of "culture-negative" endocarditis (i.e., endocarditis owing to a fastidious organism which may require longer incubation periods[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two groups of patients were compared: those with thickening of the mitral-valve leaflets and redundancy (designated the classic form; n 319) and those without leaflet thickening[oadoi.org] We herein report a case of infective endocarditis associated with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in a 34-year-old man with Klinefelter syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    There are only 15 reported cases in the literature of mitral prosthetic valve bacterial endocarditis causing stenosis by obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mitral stenosis is characterized by thickening and immobility of the mitral valve leaflets.[symptoma.com] Other rare causes of mitral stenosis include congenital malformed valves, active infective endocarditis, massive annular calcium, and metabolic or enzymatic abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Libman-Sacks Disease

    […] treatment for autoimmune endocarditis.[actamedindones.org] The anterior leaflet of the mitral valve was thickened.[ahajournals.org] Intraoperative inspection revealed thickened and fibrotic mitral valve leaflets with focal vegetations (Fig 3D,E ).[cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com]

  • Infective Endocarditis

    The aim of this fact sheet is to provide information and advice on infective endocarditis. What is infective endocarditis?[chfed.org.uk] […] history of endocarditis history of illegal drug use mitral valve prolapse and valve regurgitation (leaking) and/or thickened valve leaflets The risk of infective endocarditis[healthline.com] endocarditis.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Eosinophilic Endomyocardial Disease

    […] cardiomyopathy that affects the endocardium and occurs with white blood cell proliferation, specifically of eosinophils Eosinophilic Endomyocardial disease Eosinophilic endocarditis[wikidata.org] Transthoracic echocardiogram: parasternal long-axis view highlights a thickened anterior mitral valve leaflet (white arrow). Cardiac magnetic resonance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There were significant differences in the structure of the leaflets of the mitral valve, with a significantly greater thickness in cases with eosinophilia.[journals.plos.org]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Rheumatic myocarditis and endocarditis and old rheumatic mitral valve deformities were also present.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Echocardiography evaluation showed thickened aortic and mitral valve leaflets with mild to moderate degree of mitral regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The mitral valve can be thickened, calcified, have restricted movement and the mitral valve leaflets fused together. The aortic valve may also be thickened.[myheart.net]

  • Endocarditis

    Another type of endocarditis known as native valve endocarditis (NVP) also occurs post surgery.[symptoma.com] Patients most at risk of developing bacterial endocarditis include those who have: Acquired valve disease (for example, rheumatic heart disease) including mitral valve prolapse[my.clevelandclinic.org] Mitral valve prolapse without regurgitation or unusually thickened valve leaflets. A coronary artery stent. What are the symptoms?[cigna.com]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    Tuberculous endocarditis is an exceptionally rare disease, and its surgical operation has been reported in only one case.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] leaflets and in the mitral subvalvular apparatus, causing thickening, retraction, and stiffening of valves and resulting in incomplete leaflet coaptation and valve regurgitation[oadoi.org] To the authors' knowledge, the present report is the first to describe a left atrial thrombus in sinus rhythm associated with aortic valve endocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bacterial Endocarditis

    The presentation of bacterial endocarditis is classified as subacute or acute.[symptoma.com] Patients most at risk of developing bacterial endocarditis include those who have: Acquired valve disease (for example, rheumatic heart disease) including mitral valve prolapse[my.clevelandclinic.org] […] history of endocarditis history of illegal drug use mitral valve prolapse and valve regurgitation (leaking) and/or thickened valve leaflets The risk of infective endocarditis[healthline.com]

  • Acute Bacterial Endocarditis

    The most frequent bacterial etiologic agents of acute endocarditis are enterococci.[symptoma.com] Patients most at risk of developing bacterial endocarditis include those who have: Acquired valve disease (for example, rheumatic heart disease) including mitral valve prolapse[my.clevelandclinic.org] Marantic endocarditis (ME) is defined by noninfectious valvular vegetations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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