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161 Possible Causes for Enlarged or Prominent Ventricles

  • Cerebro-Facio-Thoracic Dysplasia

    We report a further two patients with cerebro-facio-thoracic dysplasia, a rare autosomal recessive condition with thoracic costovertebral dysplasia, developmental delay and characteristic facial features. One of our patients has the additional features of large, bilateral colobomas of the optic nerve, ptosis, small[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    enlargement a prominent fourth ventricle suggests that the obstruction is either at the foramina of Luschka and Magendie or within the subarachnoid space Chronic non-communicating[radiopaedia.org] […] outward bowing of the lateral walls inferior bowing of the floor fourth ventricle poor indicator of hydrocephalus as the confined nature of the posterior fossa prevents significant[radiopaedia.org] […] signal on MRI or low-density change on CT around the margins of the ventricles, and should not be confused with white matter change of chronic small vessel ischaemia. third ventricle[radiopaedia.org]

  • Coffin-Lowry Syndrome

    There were moderately enlarged lateral and third ventricles and subarachnoid space with prominent Virchow-Robin spaces.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acrocallosal Syndrome

    The presentations in these children include features of acrocallosal syndrome, such as hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, enlarged ventricles, facial dysmorphism with a prominent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Sotos Syndrome

    At 34 weeks' gestation, macrodolichocephaly, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, enlargement of the lateral ventricles with prominent occipital horns, and macrocisterna magna[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings consistently seen in the syndrome include prominent extra-cerebral fluid filled spaces, modest thinning of the corpus callosum, enlarged[scielo.br] At 33 weeks' gestation, dilatation of the third ventricle and fetal overgrowth were obvious.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    The chest radiograph discloses the presence or absence of parenchymal disease and a prominent or enlarged right ventricle and pulmonary artery. D.[health.am]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12

    Neuropathological investigation revealed enlarged ventricles, marked cerebral cortical atrophy and Purkinje cell loss, less-prominent cerebellar and pontine atrophy, and neuronal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Polymicrogyria

    Magnetic resonance imaging revealed enlarged lateral and third ventricles, with cavum septi pellucidi et vergae, bilateral abnormal white matter intensity, and diffuse polymicrogyria[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , most prominent in both the frontal and perisylvian regions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ductus Arteriosus Aneurysm

    The right ventricle may enlarge if high pressure occurs the pulmonary arteries. 4) Echocardiography with doppler may visualize the ductus and show continuous flow in the pulmonary[rjmatthewsmd.com] , dilated pulmonary arteries, and a prominent ascending aorta.[rjmatthewsmd.com] […] machinery" at the second left anterior intercostal space (between the second and third ribs) murmur occurring throughout the cardiac cycle. 2) EKG 3) Chest X ray showing heart enlargement[rjmatthewsmd.com]

  • Communicating Hydrocephalus

    Radiologic clues included a bulging superior vena cava and a prominent azygous system on chest roentgenogram, split cranial sutures on skull films, and enlarged subarachnoid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Note the prominent enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles in the setting of a normal sized fourth ventricle.[casemed.case.edu] Sagittal images showed an enlarged third ventricle with extensive downward displacement of the ventricular floor.[ajnr.org]

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