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207 Possible Causes for Enlarged Sella

  • Acromegaly

    Serum GH Levels were inappprpriately high.MRI revealed an enlarged sella turcica with intrasellar mass. Her HbAlc was 12.2% and fasting blood glucose 8.89 mmol/l.[] […] paranasal sinuses (especially frontal sinuses) and an enlarged sella turcica .[] The sphenoid sinus expanded intraorbitally, leading to sella enlargement.[]

  • Craniopharyngioma

    Other signs include enlarged sella, bony erosion of the sella, dorsum, or clinoids, and signs of increased ICP.[] Enlargement of the sella is of primary importance when using this approach, since it implies that the tumor took origin under the diaphragma sellae, thus it is not attached[] sella and intrasellar infradiaphragmatic, primarily cystic craniopharyngiomas.[]

  • Empty Sella Syndrome

    The empty sella syndrome (ESS) is well documented in adults, and although the same phenomenon of herniation of the arachnoid space into the enlarged sella turcica has been[] A skull radiogram revealed an enlarged sella turcica.[] […] syndrome Etymology: AS, oemettig, unoccupied; L, sella, saddle an abnormal enlargement of the sella turcica filled with cerebrospinal fluid.[]

  • Launois Syndrome

    sella turcica.[] […] turcica Pituitary dwarfism with small sella turcica Pituitary gland enlarged Pituitary hemorrhage Pituitary infarction Posterior pituitary disorder Primary hypothalamic insufficiency[] […] pituitary gigantism, stems from the excessive production of growth hormone (GH) by the pituitary gland in the context of pituitary adenoma or hyperplasia, which sits in an enlarged[]

  • Chromophobe Adenoma

    Abstract A 50-year-old man with bitemporal hemianopsia and an enlarged sella turcica was found to have hyperthyroidism with elevated serum thyrotropin levels (17 mμg per milliliter[] In several cases we have noted an enlarged sella in females who were castrated before the age of 25.[] Since then, others 3 , 4 have reported similar cases, some of which showed enlargement of the sella turcica before adrenalectomy.[]

  • Prolactinoma

    X-ray of the skull showed an enlarged sella without any erosion.[] A macroadenoma, defined as larger than 10 mm in diameter, can cause enlargement of the sella turcica. 1,4 The larger the size of the prolactinoma, the greater the prolactin[] Enlargement of the gland can cause local symptoms such as headaches or visual disturbances.[]

  • Pituitary Neoplasm

    A pituitary tumor tends to produce an enlarged sella (sella turcica). Alternatively, an enlarged sella may represent empty sella syndrome.[] Stage III: macroadenomas with enlargement and invasion of the floor or suprasellar extension. Stage IV is destruction of the sella.[] Most headaches probably arise from stretching of the diaphragma sellae by the enlarging mass; obstruction of the aqueduct of Sylvius or the foramina of Monro is a rare complication[]

  • Pituitary Cyst

    CT typically shows an enlarged sella turcica containing a cystic mass, which can be either hypodense or isodense with brain.[] MRI scans are useful in evaluating ESS and differentiating it from other disorders that produce an enlarged sella.[] Over time, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulsations may enlarge the sella and compress the gland against the floor of the sella.[]

  • Hypertrichotic Osteochondrodysplasia

    sella; [Spine]; Platyspondyly; Ovoid-shaped vertebral bodies (childhood); Cuboid-shaped vertebral bodies (post-puberty); [Pelvis]; Hypoplastic ishchiopubic rami; Coxa valga[] 0000212 Hypoplastic ischiopubic rami 0008822 Large for gestational age Birth weight 90th percentile Birthweight 90th percentile [ more ] 0001520 Large sella turcica Big sella[] […] and scapulae]; Widened ribs; Narrow shoulders ABDOMEN: [External features]; Umbilical hernia SKELETAL: Osteoporosis; Delayed bone age; [Skull]; Widened posterior fossa; Enlarged[]

  • Granulomatous Giant-Cell Hypophysitis

    enlarged sella, and extension of enhancement to the optic chiasm (10, 20, 26) .[] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan demonstrated an enlarged sella and a large well-marginated patchily enhancing soft tissue mass within sellar and suprasellar regions.[] MRI showed a significant enlargement in adenohypophysis. Transsphenoidal biopsy of sella was done for the diagnosis.[]

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