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37 Possible Causes for Enlarged Sella, Hirsutism, Muscle Mass Decreased

  • Prolactinoma

    X-ray of the skull showed an enlarged sella without any erosion.[] This 33-year-old woman was admitted to the internal medicine outpatient clinic for irregular menses, obesity, hirsutism and infertility, and hyperprolactinemia.[] muscle mass Decreased facial and body hair If you develop signs or symptoms associated with prolactinoma and/or hyperprolactinemia, make an appointment to see your doctor[]

  • Pituitary Neoplasm

    A pituitary tumor tends to produce an enlarged sella (sella turcica). Alternatively, an enlarged sella may represent empty sella syndrome.[] Further changes in the voice, and hirsutism, confirm the diagnosis.[] Some of the associated clinical features in adults patients with growth hormone deficiency include increase in fatty tissue, decrease in muscle mass, decrease in strength[]

  • Pituitary Adenoma

    Grade II: Enlarged sella with an intact floor Grade III: Localized erosion or destruction of the sellar floor Grade IV: Diffusely eroded or destroyed floor Treatment Overview[] […] awareness for this complex condition, especially for adult or pediatric endocrinologists who might see these patients referred for evaluation of acromegaloid features or hirsutism[] Adults who are growth hormone deficient may have an increased amount of body fat and decreased amount of muscle mass.[]

  • Acromegaly

    Serum GH Levels were inappprpriately high.MRI revealed an enlarged sella turcica with intrasellar mass. Her HbAlc was 12.2% and fasting blood glucose 8.89 mmol/l.[] […] growths) Sleep apnea Widened fingers or toes, with swelling, redness, and pain Other symptoms that may occur with this disease: Colon polyps Excess hair growth in females ( hirsutism[] […] tissues and a decrease in muscle mass.[]

  • Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

    Taurodontism (abnormality of teeth - enlarged pulp chamber). Autoimmune diseases - eg, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and Sjögren's syndrome.[] Without treatment, the shortage of testosterone can lead to delayed or incomplete puberty, breast enlargement (gynecomastia), decreased muscle mass, decreased bone density[] The most common indications for karyotyping are hypogonadism and infertility. [ 6 ] Associations Endocrine diseases - eg, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, empty sella syndrome[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    […] are also common radiological findings in Hunter syndrome. 20,29,30 The extent of sieve-like changes has been reported to be inversely correlated to ventricular enlargement[] […] large tongue, prominent forehead, joint stiffness, and short stature; upper airway obstruction, recurrent ear infections, noisy breathing, and persistent nasal discharge; hirsutism[] […] visual acquity of both eye No appearance of secondary sexual characteristics Decreased muscle mass in limbs Decreased strength Exaggerated reflexes Pigeon shaped chest with[]

  • Pituitary Gland Carcinoma

    Initially confined to the sella turcica, but may enlarge and become invasive after bilateral adrenalectomy (Nelson's syndrome).[] Some women also have reduced libido and hirsutism (excessive hair growth on the face and body). A high prolactin level can cause infertility in both men and women.[] Adults who are growth hormone deficient may have an increased amount of body fat and decreased amount of muscle mass.[]

  • Acquired Adrenogenital Syndrome

    The sella turcica is often enlarged and round; in rare instances, there may be erosion and thinning. Formation and eruption of teeth can be delayed.[] True hirsutism is distinct from hypertrichosis, which is simply an excessive feminine hair growth.[] muscle mass proximal limb weakness hyperglycemia osteoperosis why is there decreased muscle mass in cushing's syndrome atrophy of type 2 muscle fibers from hypercortisolism[]

  • Hyperpituitarism

    Encapsulated (no metastases in the sella turcica) Invasive (sella turcica damaged due to metastasis) Microadenomas (encapsulate the tumor with a diameter less than 10 mm)[] If the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is involved, patient present with symptoms of excessive glucocorticoid secretion: hypertension, hirsutism, weight gain, acne, fatigability[] In adults, symptoms include low energy, decreased strength and exercise tolerance, weight gain, decreased muscle mass, and feelings of anxiety or depression.[]

  • ACTH-Dependent Cushing Syndrome

    MRI sella did not show any residual tumor. CT abdomen showed bilateral adrenal enlargement.[] Clinical suspicion was based mostly on the typical fat distribution; hirsutism and amenorrhoea were important in women.[] mass.[]

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