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257 Possible Causes for Enlarged Sella, Perinuclear Condensation

  • Chromophobe Adenoma

    Abstract A 50-year-old man with bitemporal hemianopsia and an enlarged sella turcica was found to have hyperthyroidism with elevated serum thyrotropin levels (17 mμg per milliliter[nejm.org] […] clearing Peripheral condensation of cytoplasm accentuates cell membrane Most often mixed but may be pure of either type Mixed cases frequently have a distinctive pattern[surgpathcriteria.stanford.edu] Since then, others 3 , 4 have reported similar cases, some of which showed enlargement of the sella turcica before adrenalectomy.[nejm.org]

  • Pituitary Adenoma

    Grade II: Enlarged sella with an intact floor Grade III: Localized erosion or destruction of the sellar floor Grade IV: Diffusely eroded or destroyed floor Treatment Overview[en.wikibooks.org] Initially confined to the sella turcica, but may enlarge and become invasive after bilateral adrenalectomy (Nelson's syndrome).[patient.info] A and B, Coronal T1-weighted images of the sella turcica before ( A ) and after ( B ) intravenous contrast agent administration shows an enlarged pituitary gland with expansion[ajnr.org]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Somatotrophic Pituitary Adenoma

    Initially confined to the sella turcica, but may enlarge and become invasive after bilateral adrenalectomy (Nelson's syndrome).[patient.info] If it is in the sella, determine whether or not the sella is enlarged.[radiologyassistant.nl] […] beyond the sella turcica.[drugs.com]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Prolactinoma

    X-ray of the skull showed an enlarged sella without any erosion.[functionalneurology.com] A macroadenoma, defined as larger than 10 mm in diameter, can cause enlargement of the sella turcica. 1,4 The larger the size of the prolactinoma, the greater the prolactin[mdedge.com] Enlargement of the gland can cause local symptoms such as headaches or visual disturbances.[pituitarydisorder.net]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Basophil Adenoma

    Initially confined to the sella turcica, but may enlarge and become invasive after bilateral adrenalectomy (Nelson's syndrome).[patient.info] Stage III: macroadenomas with enlargement and invasion of the floor or suprasellar extension. Stage IV is destruction of the sella.[en.wikipedia.org] Prolactin-producing adenomas: usually intrasellar; are often small (less than 10 mm) but may become large enough to enlarge the sella turcica.[patient.info]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Empty Sella Syndrome

    The empty sella syndrome (ESS) is well documented in adults, and although the same phenomenon of herniation of the arachnoid space into the enlarged sella turcica has been[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A skull radiogram revealed an enlarged sella turcica.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] syndrome Etymology: AS, oemettig, unoccupied; L, sella, saddle an abnormal enlargement of the sella turcica filled with cerebrospinal fluid.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Craniopharyngioma

    Other signs include enlarged sella, bony erosion of the sella, dorsum, or clinoids, and signs of increased ICP.[thamburaj.com] CR that have enlarged the sella and are predominantly outside of the arachnoid membrane can be excised transsphenoidally ( 33, 59 – 61 ).[doi.org] Enlargement of the sella is of primary importance when using this approach, since it implies that the tumor took origin under the diaphragma sellae, thus it is not attached[thamburaj.com]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Pituitary Neoplasm

    A pituitary tumor tends to produce an enlarged sella (sella turcica). Alternatively, an enlarged sella may represent empty sella syndrome.[merckmanuals.com] Stage III: macroadenomas with enlargement and invasion of the floor or suprasellar extension. Stage IV is destruction of the sella.[en.wikipedia.org] Most headaches probably arise from stretching of the diaphragma sellae by the enlarging mass; obstruction of the aqueduct of Sylvius or the foramina of Monro is a rare complication[academic.oup.com]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Launois Syndrome

    sella turcica.[symptoma.com] […] turcica Pituitary dwarfism with small sella turcica Pituitary gland enlarged Pituitary hemorrhage Pituitary infarction Posterior pituitary disorder Primary hypothalamic insufficiency[icd9data.com] […] pituitary gigantism, stems from the excessive production of growth hormone (GH) by the pituitary gland in the context of pituitary adenoma or hyperplasia, which sits in an enlarged[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation
  • Gigantism

    However, a sellar radiograph revealed a considerably enlarged sella turcica (3 cm, 1.2 in).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CT, MRI, or skull x-rays disclose cortical thickening, enlargement of the frontal sinuses, and enlargement and erosion of the sella turcica.[merckmanuals.com] enlargement.[westerndigs.org]

    Missing: Perinuclear Condensation

Further symptoms