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778 Possible Causes for Epicanthal Folds

  • Noonan Syndrome

    ., epicanthal folds, ptosis, ocular hypertelorism), and micrognathia. Individuals with Noonan syndrome often may have either pectus excavatum or pectus carinatum.[] folds (extra fold of skin at the inner corner of the eye) Ptosis (drooping of the eyelids) Proptosis (bulging eyes) Refractive visual errors Strabismus (inward or outward[] There may be ptosis, epicanthic folds and low-set ears. Facial features are easiest to recognise in the infant or young child.[]

  • Turner Syndrome

    Clinically, patients with Turner syndrome are short, and they have a small chin, prominent folds of skin at the inner corners of the eyes (epicanthal folds), low-set ears,[] folds can be present; red-green color blindness Ears: Serous otitis media is more common [4] ; the auricles may be posteriorly rotated or low set; hearing loss due to otosclerosis[] […] and fifth metacarpals and metatarsals Shield chest: The chest appears to be broad with widely spaced nipples Lymphedema Eyes: Ptosis, strabismus, amblyopia, and cataracts; epicanthal[]

  • LIG4 Syndrome

    folds and nose changes [ 24 , 27 ].[] folds Hypogonadism Bone abnormalities Bone Hypoplasia Syndactyly Polydactyly Congential Hip Dysplasia Skin conditions Photosensitivity Psoriasis Eczema Widespread Ecchymosis[] […] presenting features in LIG4 patients [ 12 – 18 , 22 – 27 , 31 ] Physical features Microcephaly Growth restriction "Bird-like" or "Seckel syndrome-like" facies Bilateral epicanthic[]

  • Down Syndrome

    folds, flattened nasal bridge, broad hands with short fingers, decreased muscle tone, and by trisomy of the human chromosome numbered 21 — called also Down , Down's , trisomy[] In 1876 he specifically identified the fold of skin at the inner corner of the eyes which he described as epicanthic folds and he also noted that the ear was usually placed[] In the postnatal period, characteristic phenotypical features point to the diagnosis: depressed nasal bridge epicanthic folds abundant neck skin macroglossia simian crease[]

  • Pallister-Killian Syndrome

    Patients also exhibit a distinctive facial structure, characterized by high foreheads, sparse hair on the temple, a wide space between the eyes, epicanthal folds and a flat[] folds large ears with lobes that are thick and protrude outward.[] […] findings: Hypotonia sparse scalp hair a high forehead with frontal bossing a coarse face an abnormally wide space between the eyes broad nasal bridge highly arched palate epicanthal[]

  • Williams Syndrome

    folds ) Partially missing teeth, defective tooth enamel, or small, widely spaced teeth Exams and Tests Signs include: Blood vessel narrowing including supravalvular aortic[] folds (vertical skin folds that cover the inner corners of the eyes Feeding difficulties in infancy, often leading to poor growth Shorter than average height Low body tone[] […] upturned nose Long ridges in the skin that run from the nose to the upper lip (philtrum) Prominent lips with an open mouth Skin that covers the inner corner of the eye ( epicanthal[]

  • Homocystinuria

    The patient also shows signs that had not been previously described: epicanthal folds, broad nasal bridge, long and flat philtrum, amimic expression and, particularly, a postural[]

  • Epicanthal Folds

    The spicanthal fold repair technique involves excision of the epicanthal fold and together with abnormal subcutaneous tissue under the skin which is undermined.[] Abstract Epicanthal folds are seen in infants and young children of all races, and they appear as a normal finding in Orientals of all ages.[] Epicanthal folds illustration Tests for Epicanthal folds Reviewed By: Neil K.[]

  • Dubowitz Syndrome

    Ocular problems occur in about 20%: strabismus, blefarophimosis, ptosis, telecanthus and epicanthal folds being the most frequent ones.[] Abstract Dubowitz syndrome is an autosomal recessive condition characterized by pre- and postnatal growth retardation, eczema, telecanthus, epicanthal folds, blepharophimosis[] folds, blepharophimosis, ptosis, broadening of the bridge and tip of the nose, abnormal ears and retrogenia.[]

  • Trisomy X Syndrome

    Additional findings include the presence of epicanthal folds, hypertelorism, pes planus, pectus excavatum, clinodactyly and mandibular defects (prognathism and retrognathism[] Image: Epicanthal folds and hypertelorism in 2 year old girl with trisomy X.[] The common physical features of females with triple-X syndrome are having a tall stature, epicanthic folds, and poor muscle tone.[]

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