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59 Possible Causes for Epilepsy, Recurrent Pneumonia due to Aspiration

  • Aspiration Pneumonia

    A 64 year old woman presented with persistent and severe symptoms due to recurrent aspiration pneumonias associated with oesophageal reflux.[] Epilepsy. Coma. Critical illnesses and debilitated patients. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).[] An 80-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with recurrent right-sided aspiration pneumonia, found on barium swallow to be due to diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis[]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    […] from swallowing disturbances and dysphagia further complicated by recurrent aspiration pneumonia.[] (Courtesy Stephanie Barone) Six-year-old Allie Barone had been suffering from severe headaches for a few years — and since her family has a history of epilepsy and migraines[] Polymicrogyria (small gyri) and pachygyria (thick gyria) are other consequences of migrational defects with drug-resistant epilepsy being a common feature.[]

  • Oculo-Pharyngo-Distal Myopathy

    Lysosomal Storage Diseases; Psychiatric Disorders; Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxias; Metabolic Disorders; Friedreich Ataxia; ALS; Dementia; Neuromuscular Disorders; Stroke; Epilepsy[] Collaborators : University of Oxford DBS for drug resistant Epilepsy For many patients with epilepsy, their seizures are not controlled by medication and they are unsuitable[] In a collaboration between major epilepsy units in Melbourne (at RMH, St Vincents and the Austin), we are assessing which patients with epilepsy are likely to respond to DBS[]

  • Wolf Hirschhorn Syndrome

    About one third die within the first two years of life, usually due to a heart defect, aspiration pneumonia, other severe infection or resulting from a seizure.[] We present a 5-year-old girl with severe delay in growth and development, microcephaly, mild facial dismorphy and epilepsy.[] Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is defined by a collection of core characteristics that include mental retardation, epilepsy, growth delay, and craniofacial dysgenesis.[]

  • Limbic Encephalitis

    She had a complicated hospital course, and had recurrent respiratory distress due to aspiration pneumonia, and fluctuating mental status and seizures that were refractory[] Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE), a common adult epilepsy syndrome, is generally acquired.[] […] have indicated that limbic encephalitis associated with anti-voltage-gated potassium channel complex antibodies (VGKC-Ab) is a cause of adult-onset mesial temporal lobe epilepsy[]

  • Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy Type 2

    Pneumonia or recurrent pneumonias are a frequent, often unrecognized, sign of aspiration.[] The text also describes the neuropathological findings and classification; progressive encephalopathies; and epilepsy. Neurologists will find the book invaluable.[] […] lobe CHRNB2 Epilepsy, nocturnal frontal lobe CLCN2 Epilepsy, Leukoencephalopathy with ataxia DEPDC5 Epilepsy, familial focal, with variable foci EFHC1 Epilepsy, juvenile[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Bulbar involvement predisposes the person with spinal muscular atrophy to recurrent aspiration pneumonia, due to weakening of the muscles necessary for efficient swallowing[] Neurophysiological studies revealed a motor neuron disorder and generalized epilepsy.[] […] and intractable epilepsy.[]

  • X-linked Distal Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3

    Bulbar involvement predisposes the person with spinal muscular atrophy to recurrent aspiration pneumonia, due to weakening of the muscles necessary for efficient swallowing[] […] type 2 due to KIF5A mutation Autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2F Autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia type 10 Autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia - epilepsy[] […] dimple / pit (excluding sacral) - Excess nuchal skin without pterygium colli - Long / large ear - Micropenis / small penis / agenesis - Mouth held open - Ptosis - Seizures / epilepsy[]

  • Wolfram Syndrome

    Life-threatening complications, including central apnea (due to bulbar dysfunction) are frequent and may lead to recurrent aspiration pneumonia.[] All four of the cases described developed grand mal epilepsy in their second and third decades. Two of the cases developed progressive ataxia.[] Additional neurologic manifestations include truncal ataxia, myoclonus, epilepsy, nystagmus, and hyposmia.(1,2.)[]

  • Polyglucosan Body Myopathy Type 2

    […] suck Pharyngela: Difficulty swallowing, recurrent aspiration pneumonia, cough during meals, weight loss Weakness of jaw when chewing.[] , see juvenile myoclonic epilepsy ADPEAF, see autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features adrenal Cushing syndrome due to AIMAH, see primary macronodular adrenal[] Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy (PDE) [MIM:266100]: Characterized by a combination of various seizure types.[]

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