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110 Possible Causes for Episcleritis, Fever of Unknown Origin, Sinusitis

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    CT of the sinuses showed severe mucosal thickening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most common ophthalmic manifestations were orbital masses, episcleritis/conjunctivitis, and scleritis (74/226, 32/226, and 12/226, respectively).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Like episcleritis it has a tendency to recur.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome

    The patient had a fever of unknown origin, severe headache, progressing left ophthalmoplegia, and visual acuity disturbance.[ajnr.org] Further tests verified pulmonary infiltrates, paranasal sinusitis, extravascular eosinophils on histopathologic sample of skin tissue, and polyneuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ophthalmologic findings showed episcleritis. Radiography of the chest and paranasal sinuses revealed no abnormalities.[jamanetwork.com]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    This FDG distribution pattern should be kept in mind when PET is performed for etiological investigation of fever of unknown origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with ocular inflammatory conditions such as episcleritis, scleritis, keratitis, and uveitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In any patient with lupus who suffers from headaches a systematic search for known causes should be carried out including blood pressure checking, examination of the sinuses[web.archive.org]

  • Crohn's Disease

    Complications include extra-intestinal involvement, intestinal obstruction, abscess formation, sinuses, and fistulae.[bestpractice.bmj.com] Immune-mediated diseases that are frequently associated with Crohn's disease include arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, episcleritis, uveitis, and skin lesions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The chronic mesenteric inflammation can eventually form fibrous bands with enhancement similar to sinuses and fistulas.[emedicine.com]

  • Relapsing Polychondritis

    INTRODUCTION: Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is a common initial presentation leading to a diagnostic challenge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Typical FDG accumulation was noted in the tracheobronchial trees of nine patients, the costal cartilage of five, joints of five, larynx of four, nasal cavity/paranasal sinuses[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common clinical presentations were auricular chondritis (n 9), episcleritis or scleritis (n 5), and large airway involvement (n 3).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Orbital Cellulitis

    Related Cases Disease: Orbital Cellulitis Eye Infections Symptom/Presentation: Blurred Vision Fever and Fever of Unknown Origin Facial Swelling Eye Pain Red Eyes Specialty[pediatriceducation.org] We report a case of invasive fungal sinusitis caused by Scopulariopsis in 57 year-old man who had recurrence of orbital cellulitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with ocular inflammatory conditions such as episcleritis, scleritis, keratitis, and uveitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Two episodes of a fever of unknown origin accompanied by elevated levels of serum lactate dehydrogenase and the soluble interleukin-2 receptor occurred within a year, so the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Screws are usually not placed above the inion to avoid the intracranial venous sinuses.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] rheumatoid nodules are usually seen in pressure areas: elbows, occiput, lumbosacral 3 occurs in RF-positive patients 9 ocular involvement keratoconjunctivitis sicca uveitis episcleritis[radiopaedia.org]

  • Muckle Wells Syndrome

    Many rheumatic disorders that are considered when evaluating for a cause of fever of unknown origin are defined by aberrations of the adaptive or acquired immune system.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org] In the main clinical trial, six serious adverse reactions were reported: mycobacteria intracellulare, gastrointestinal bleeding, colitis, sinusitis, bronchitis, and Streptococcus[dermatologyadvisor.com] Additional features include severe chronic fatigue, recurrent headaches, cognitive impairment, ocular involvement (conjunctivitis, uveitis, episcleritis), oral aphthosis,[orpha.net]

  • Vasculitis

    We must better appreciate the limitations of positron emission tomography in investigating a fever of unknown origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Aspects of disease relevant for AAV patients were: fatigue and lack of energy; visual abnormalities; neuropathy; renal impairment; arthritis, and sinusitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most frequent manifestations at diagnosis were urticaria (100%), arthritis (88%), followed by biopsy-proven glomerulonephritis (19%), episcleritis/scleritis (19%) and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Orbital Infection

    Related Cases Disease Orbital Cellulitis Eye Diseases Eye Infections Symptom/Presentation Eye Pain Fever and Fever of Unknown Origin Mass or Swelling Red Eyes Specialty Ophthalmology[pediatriceducation.org] Abstract Orbital infection has long been the most common complication of sinusitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ocular manifestations occur secondary to an adjacent granulomatous sinusitis or as a result of focal vasculitis  The nasolacrimal duct may be obstructed and there may be episcleritis[slideshare.net]

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