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276 Possible Causes for Episcleritis, Leukocytosis, Sinusitis

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    CT of the sinuses showed severe mucosal thickening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most common ophthalmic manifestations were orbital masses, episcleritis/conjunctivitis, and scleritis (74/226, 32/226, and 12/226, respectively).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A normocytic anemia, leukocytosis, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, positive rheumatoid factor and ANCA (specifically PR3-ANCA) are often shown on serology.[jacpjournal.org]

  • Sweet Syndrome

    After 24 h, computed tomography (CT) was arranged of the orbits, paranasal sinuses, and brain in order to exclude orbital cellulitis, subperiosteal abscess, cavernous sinus[nature.com] Her course of disease was complicated by arthralgias, episcleritis, headaches, and erythema nodosum-like subcutaneous involvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both diagnoses are characterized by an acute onset of fever, leukocytosis, and tender, erythematous infiltrated plaques.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Orbital Cellulitis

    Systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with ocular inflammatory conditions such as episcleritis, scleritis, keratitis, and uveitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Temperature greater than 37.5 C and leukocytosis resulting in fever are more prominent features in the paediatric group.[patient.info] We report a case of invasive fungal sinusitis caused by Scopulariopsis in 57 year-old man who had recurrence of orbital cellulitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Microscopic Polyangiitis

    ., sinusitis) frequently seen in people affected by GPA.[en.wikipedia.org] MPA can have conjunctival, episcleral, scleral, and corneal manifestations.[omicsonline.org] 35%) Mouth ulcers Epistaxis Sinusitis Laboratory Tests Anemia (normochromic normocytic) Elevation of acute phase proteins Erythrocyte sedimentation rate C-reactive protein Leukocytosis[basicmedicalkey.com]

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Type 1

    Complications include extra-intestinal involvement, intestinal obstruction, abscess formation, sinuses, and fistulae.[bestpractice.bmj.com] Immune-mediated diseases that are frequently associated with Crohn's disease include arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, episcleritis, uveitis, and skin lesions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fever and neutrophilic leukocytosis are also common features.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    In any patient with lupus who suffers from headaches a systematic search for known causes should be carried out including blood pressure checking, examination of the sinuses[web.archive.org] Systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with ocular inflammatory conditions such as episcleritis, scleritis, keratitis, and uveitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Erythematosus Differential diagnosis Distinguishing features Diagnostic approach Adult-onset Still disease Arthralgia, fever, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly Tests for elevated ESR, leukocytosis[aafp.org]

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Screws are usually not placed above the inion to avoid the intracranial venous sinuses.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] rheumatoid nodules are usually seen in pressure areas: elbows, occiput, lumbosacral 3 occurs in RF-positive patients 9 ocular involvement keratoconjunctivitis sicca uveitis episcleritis[radiopaedia.org] Incaudo, Autoimmunity and Sinus Disease, Diseases of the Sinuses, 10.1007/978-1-4939-0265-1_15, (247-273), (2014).[doi.org]

  • Vasculitis

    Skin Joints Lungs Kidneys Gastrointestinal tract Blood Sinuses, nose, and ears Eyes Brain Nerve Skin A variety of rashes, the most classic of which is "palpable purpura" –[web.archive.org] The most frequent manifestations at diagnosis were urticaria (100%), arthritis (88%), followed by biopsy-proven glomerulonephritis (19%), episcleritis/scleritis (19%) and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Anaemia, Leukocytosis, Eosinophilia. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA). Elevated factor VIII - related antigen (von Willebrand factor).[pmmonline.org]

  • Orbital Abscess

    However, the authors experienced an orbital abscess secondary to contralateral sinusitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ocular manifestations occur secondary to an adjacent granulomatous sinusitis or as a result of focal vasculitis  The nasolacrimal duct may be obstructed and there may be episcleritis[slideshare.net] […] included an insidious course of monocular visual loss and proptosis in the absence of fever, substantial orbital pain, and evidence of sinus disease; pancytopenia rather than leukocytosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Carotid Cavernous Sinus Fistula

    We assumed that local maxillary sinusitis caused by dental implant might spread hematogenously into the sphenoid and cavernous sinuses and formed a carotid cavernous sinus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] approach to assess episcleral vasculature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A recent history of dental treatment, of facial infection with an elevated white blood cell count, and leukocytosis suggests cavernous sinus thrombosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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