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357 Possible Causes for Episcleritis, Sinusitis

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    Most common ophthalmic manifestations were orbital masses, episcleritis/conjunctivitis, and scleritis (74/226, 32/226, and 12/226, respectively).[] CT of the sinuses showed severe mucosal thickening.[] Like episcleritis it has a tendency to recur.[]

  • Microscopic Polyangiitis

    ., sinusitis) frequently seen in people affected by GPA.[] MPA can have conjunctival, episcleral, scleral, and corneal manifestations.[] In general, AAV affects the sinuses, kidneys, lungs, and skin, but the ways the diseases show themselves vary.[]

  • Sweet Syndrome

    Her course of disease was complicated by arthralgias, episcleritis, headaches, and erythema nodosum-like subcutaneous involvement.[] After 24 h, computed tomography (CT) was arranged of the orbits, paranasal sinuses, and brain in order to exclude orbital cellulitis, subperiosteal abscess, cavernous sinus[] We report two additional cases of ocular involvement, one with conjunctivitis and a second with iritis, peripheral ulcerative keratitis, and episcleritis.[]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    Thrombosis of the cerebral veins and sinuses affects mainly young adults and children.[] Congestion of orbital venous drainage results in elevated episcleral venous and intraocular pressure, which can compromise vision.[] (dark blue), and sigmoid sinuses (yellow).[]

  • Orbital Cellulitis

    We report a case of invasive fungal sinusitis caused by Scopulariopsis in 57 year-old man who had recurrence of orbital cellulitis.[] Systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with ocular inflammatory conditions such as episcleritis, scleritis, keratitis, and uveitis.[] Ocular manifestations occur secondary to an adjacent granulomatous sinusitis or as a result of focal vasculitis  The nasolacrimal duct may be obstructed and there may be episcleritis[]

  • Felty's Syndrome

    Eye symptoms (including dry eyes and irritation due to Sjögren's syndrome and red and painful eyes due to episcleritis).[] Necrotizing sinusitis and saddle nose deformity were distinctive clinical features.[] A computed tomography of the middle ears, paranasal sinuses, and chest was normal.[]

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    […] rheumatoid nodules are usually seen in pressure areas: elbows, occiput, lumbosacral 3 occurs in RF-positive patients 9 ocular involvement keratoconjunctivitis sicca uveitis episcleritis[] Screws are usually not placed above the inion to avoid the intracranial venous sinuses.[] RA is a systemic disease and there are other manifestations of the disease: Eyes: secondary Sjögren's syndrome, scleritis and episcleritis.[]

  • Carotid Cavernous Sinus Fistula

    We assumed that local maxillary sinusitis caused by dental implant might spread hematogenously into the sphenoid and cavernous sinuses and formed a carotid cavernous sinus[] […] approach to assess episcleral vasculature.[] Compartmentalization of the cavernous sinus precluded access to the fistula via the cerebral venous sinuses.[]

  • Crohn's Disease

    Immune-mediated diseases that are frequently associated with Crohn's disease include arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, episcleritis, uveitis, and skin lesions[] Complications include extra-intestinal involvement, intestinal obstruction, abscess formation, sinuses, and fistulae.[] Episcleritis and uveitis are the principal eye presentations.[]

  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome

    Ophthalmologic findings showed episcleritis. Radiography of the chest and paranasal sinuses revealed no abnormalities.[] Further tests verified pulmonary infiltrates, paranasal sinusitis, extravascular eosinophils on histopathologic sample of skin tissue, and polyneuropathy.[] Children commonly have a history of asthma and sinusitis whilst clinical presentation typically involves pulmonary tract and less frequently skin, heart, gastrointestinal[]

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