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644 Possible Causes for Epistaxis, Petechiae

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    Epistaxis may also occur. Lower respiratory tract disease and sepsis represent serious complications, especially in patients with immunocompromise.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] nodes ( 1 cm) Absence of conjunctivitis, cough, and rhinorrhea, which are symptoms that may suggest viral illness [ 2 ] Less common findings in streptococcal pharyngitis are petechiae[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Glanzmann Thrombasthenia

    We present a unique case report of a 4-year-old child with known Glanzmann thrombasthenia and two separate episodes of life-threatening epistaxis that were treated successfully[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms include purpura, petechiae, bruising, gingival bleeding, epistaxis, and menorrhagia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Glanzmann thrombasthenia is a qualitative platelet function disorder manifested by skin bleeds, epistaxis, gingival bleeding, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hematuria, hemarthrosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    An 11-year-old boy presented with epistaxis, petechial hemorrhages, easy bruising, and purpuric rash.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this retrospective cohort study conducted in 63 children with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in China; petechiae, bruises and bleeding were the major presentations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical manifestations may range from spontaneous formation of purpura and petechiae, especially on the extremities, to epistaxis, bleeding at the gums or menorrhagia, any[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Leukemia

    Bleeding is usually manifested by petechiae, easy bruising, epistaxis, bleeding gums, or menstrual irregularity. Hematuria and GI bleeding are uncommon.[merckmanuals.com] "Petechiae usually appears on the lower extremities," Wadleigh adds.[prevention.com] Petechiae (small red spots under the skin caused by bleeding) iStock/lzf Dr. Crilley describes petechiae as “like someone painted little red dots with a pen.”[rd.com]

  • Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome

    Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare immunodeficiency disease with a characteristic phenotype that includes: X-linked recessive petechiae, bloody diarrhoea, epistaxis[radiopaedia.org] Thrasher; used with consent given by parents History & Exam Key Factors FHx of WAS easy bruising and petechiae Other Factors serious bleeding recurrent infections serious[online.epocrates.com] Further questioning reveals a past medical history of multiple hospital stays due to pneumonia and otitis media infections as well as recurrent epistaxis.[step1.medbullets.com]

  • Hypersplenism

    Prior to splenectomy the patient continued to have a marked thrombocytopenia which resulted in recurrent bouts of epistaxis; splenectomy together with tuberculostatic therapy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Figure 67-8 Petechiae and ecchymoses in a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. (Courtesy of Sidney Sussman, MD.)[5minuteconsult.com] In addition, symptoms such as epistaxis and gingival bleeding were ameliorated or even eliminated, and the quality of life was improved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

    The initial picture of classical dengue fever was followed by painful liver enlargement, vomiting, hematemesis, epistaxis and diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the course of the co-infection, he developed fever, thrombocytopenia (13,700 cells/mm3), petechia, and hypoalbuminemia, which are compatible with the World Health Organization[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The 7 year old girl also had epistaxis and anemia (Hct 24%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Weil's Disease

    The patients with thrombocytopenia had higher frequencies of dehydration (53% vs. 35.3%, p 0.001), epistaxis (5.7% vs. 0.8%, p 0.033), hematemesis (13% vs. 4.6%, p 0.006),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Rash O looks like a heart for bradycardia Weil's disease mnemonic "WEILS" Wet due to hemorrhage E is to remind me of epistaxis and other hemorrhagic manifestations like petechiae[medicowesome.com] […] addition, thrombocytopenia and several other factors contribute to hemorrhagic episodes, most frequently in the pulmonary system (presenting as hemoptysis), whereas epistaxis, petechiae[symptoma.com]

  • Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever

    In the later stages of this illness, patients may develop hemorrhagic manifestations including subconjunctival hemorrhage, epistaxis, hematemesis, melena, and hematuria, as[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patients sought treatment for fever, gingivorrhagia, petechiae, nausea, hematemesis, melena and tremors; clinical laboratory examinations showed thrombocytopenia ( 3 )[wwwnc.cdc.gov] […] through August 12, 1994, seven family members (aged 10 months-50 years) developed an illness characterized by fever, hypotension, subconjunctival and gingival bleeding, epistaxis[cdc.gov]

  • Acquired Hemophilia

    Furthermore, most patients experience epistaxis, gastrointestinal hemorrhages provoking melena and/or hematochezia, and hematuria due to lesions of the urinary tract.[symptoma.com] Platelet Coagulation Purpura Ecchymoses Petechiae 9.[slideshare.net] Hemorrhagic complications include epistaxis, GI and urologic bleeding, retroperitoneal hematomas, compartment syndrome, prolonged postpartum bleeding, excessive posttraumatic[emedicine.medscape.com]

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