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675 Possible Causes for Epistaxis, Petechiae

  • Thrombocytopenia

    It presents in infancy or in neonates (in severe cases) with patients bruising easily along with further manifestations of thrombocytopenia including epistaxis, petechiae,[enerca.org] Larger than petechiae, ecchymoses are purple, blue or yellow-green areas of skin that vary in size and shape.[en.wikipedia.org] A 20-month-old boy presented with a 2-day history of fever and systemic petechiae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    […] of bleeding and thrombosis in patients with renal insufficiency Bleeding Gastrointestinal bleedingBleeding from cannulation sites Retinal haemorrhage Subdural haematoma Epistaxis[academic.oup.com] […] haemorrhage Subdural haematoma Epistaxis Haematuria Ecchymosis Purpura Bleeding from the gums Gingival bleeding Genital bleeding Haemoptysis Telangiectasia Haemarthrosis Petechiae[academic.oup.com] […] coronary syndrome Cerebrovascular event Peripheral artery occlusion Bleeding Gastrointestinal bleedingBleeding from cannulation sites Retinal haemorrhage Subdural haematoma Epistaxis[academic.oup.com]

  • Scarlet Fever

    Skin hemorrhaging, hematuria, and epistaxis occurred in patients with the hemorrhagic form of scarlet fever.[uspharmacist.com] Petechiae are also visible on her soft palate. Her anterior-cervical nodes are swollen and tender.[doi.org] Forehead and cheeks appear flushed Circumoral pallor Pharyngitis Tonsil s are hyperemic and edematous, with exudate Throat is inflamed and covered by a membrane Palatal Petechiae[fpnotebook.com]

  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    An 11-year-old boy presented with epistaxis, petechial hemorrhages, easy bruising, and purpuric rash.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract In this retrospective cohort study conducted in 63 children with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in China; petechiae, bruises and bleeding were the major[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] by extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue, mucous membranes or skin; it generates bleeding manifestations as ecchymotic lesions, petechiae of sudden onset, epistaxis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    […] bilateral periorbital oedema and tense orbits in keeping with orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) shortly after presenting to the emergency department for uncontrollable epistaxis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two weeks later, he was transferred to the West China Hospital with nasal hemorrhage for 1 week, hematochezia, hematuria, and petechiae for 5 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical history can include epistaxis, gingival bleeding, haematuria, oliguria, cough, dyspnoea, fever, delirium, and coma.[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Leukemia

    […] cell leukemia 5 Symptoms flu -like symptoms: fever, night sweats (unintentional) loss of weight fatigue syndrome (extreme weakness) swollen or bleeding gums nosebleed ( Epistaxis[flexikon.doccheck.com] These were petechiae/purpura (category derived from ‘petechiae’, ‘purpura’ and ‘petechiae/purpura’), mucosal bleeding (including ‘mucosal bleeding’ and ‘bleeding gums’), anorexia[doi.org] The animal with acute myeloid leukemia presents with depression, epistaxis, anemia, and severe neutropenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    The most common adverse events were headache (37%), nasopharyngitis (32%), contusion (30%), epistaxis (30%), fatigue (30%), arthralgia (25%), and diarrhea (25%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chronic ITP patients may have no obvious petechiae.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] In some instances there is oral bleeding, epistaxis, rectal bleeding or haematuria. Morbidity in ITP is usually minimal and parents need to be reassured of this.[rch.org.au]

  • Aplastic Anemia

    The patient improved symptomatically and did not have any further episodes of epistaxis or GI bleed.[jscisociety.com] Symptoms result from anemia, thrombocytopenia (petechiae, bleeding), or leukopenia (infections).[merckmanuals.com] We report a case of 6-year-old South Asian girl presenting with bruises, petechiae, and recent history of loose stools.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia

    In March 2003 the patient received high doses IVIg but during that treatment, aggravation of the haemorrhagic diathesis with epistaxis, menorrhea and secondary anaemia (Hb[springerlink.com] Patients with chronic autoimmune thrombocytopenia typically present with petechiae and mucosa bleeding.[asmscience.org] Treatment-related complications included transient hemorrhagic cystitis (1 patient), vaginal bleeding (2 patients), gastrointestinal bleeding (1 patient), epistaxis (1 patient[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Glanzmann Thrombasthenia

    We present a unique case report of a 4-year-old child with known Glanzmann thrombasthenia and two separate episodes of life-threatening epistaxis that were treated successfully[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical history of Glanzmann thrombasthenia may include the following: Excessive bleeding after dental extraction (this may often be the first sign of the disease) Petechiae[emedicine.medscape.com] Key words: Epistaxis; Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia; Recurrent Epistaxis[scopemed.org]

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