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1,014 Possible Causes for Eschar Formation, Neutrophil Count Increased, Orbital Apex Syndrome

  • Periorbital Cellulitis

    Orbital apex syndrome (seen with orbital abscess and cavernous sinus thrombosis. It will be bilateral in patients with cavernous sinus thrombosis).[clinicaladvisor.com] formation leading to scarring Meningitis Orbital cellulitis Intracranial extension of infection Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis - A potential complication with devastating[emedicine.com] apex syndrome or cavernous sinus thrombosis CT of orbit and sinuses to confirm sinus disease, rule out mass, rule out orbital foreign body if h/o trauma (even remote), rule[eyeplastics.com]

  • Mucormycosis

    The lab results showed leukocytosis with a 16,500 count, in predominance of Neutrophils 76.8%., and ESR increase, with negative blood cultures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The common presenting symptoms are headache, fever, sinusitis, facial swelling, and unilateral orbital apex syndrome ( 1 , 3 – 5 ).[ajnr.org] Cutaneous mucormycosis produces cellulitis that progresses to dermal necrosis and black eschar formation.[patient.info]

  • Aspergillosis

    Use colony-stimulating factors to increase neutrophil counts if neutropenia exists.[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Disseminated infection CNS : Multiple abscess formation with varied neurological manifestations (cramps, focal neurological deficits ) Heart : Aspergillus endocarditis Invasive[amboss.com] Despite having a normal neutrophil count, affected patients have functional neutropenia because the function of the neutrophils is inhibited by the use of high-dose steroids[pubs.rsna.org]

  • Orbital Cellulitis

    The differential diagnoses included orbital cellulites leading to orbital apex syndrome, idiopathic orbital inflammation, uveal effusion syndrome, lymphoproliferative disease[nature.com] Aspergillosis initially results in chronic proptosis and decreased vision, while mucormycosis gives rise to the orbital apex syndrome (involving cranial nerves II, III, IV[emedicine.medscape.com] COMPLICATIONS Optic neuropathy Cavernous sinus thrombosis Orbital Apex Syndrome Exposure keratitis Orbital abscess CRAO Intraocular spread of infection Septicemia Pyaemia[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Eschar Formation
  • Acute Cholecystitis

    formation, since scrub typhus may present with acute cholecystitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cholecystitis but do not respond to traditional treatment should be tested for scrub typhus and leptospirosis and should have a careful admission physical examination looking for eschar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Orbital Apex Syndrome
  • Orbital Neoplasm

    The crowded orbital apex syndrome.[link.springer.com] These include fistula formation into a sinus, the nose or the nasolacrimal duct, tissue necrosis with eschar formation, chronic drainage, infection, chronically exposed bone[nature.com] Saunders, Philadelphia Google Scholar Murdoch IE, Sullivan TJ, Moseley I, Hawkins PN, Pepys MB, Tan SY, Garner A, Wright JE (1996) Primary localized amyloidosis of the orbit[link.springer.com]

    Missing: Neutrophil Count Increased
  • Subarachnoid Abscess

    Orbital apex syndrome due to aspergillosis with subsequent fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Surg Neurol Int. 2012;3:124.[casereports.in]

    Missing: Eschar Formation
  • Sickle Cell Disease

    During hydroxyurea treatment, the white-cell count, absolute neutrophil count, and absolute reticulocyte count significantly decreased, reflecting the intended mild bone marrow[doi.org] […] infarction, 93 orbital apex syndrome, 94 and spinal cord infarction. 95 Among the peripheral neuropathic pain syndromes in SCD, mental nerve neuropathy was the most commonly[doi.org] […] fetal hemoglobin (HbF) concentration while hemolysis was diminished and neutrophil counts fell. 3, 4 In SCA, HbF levels are inversely related to mortality. 1 Decreased morbidity[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Eschar Formation
  • Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus

    As might be expected, more changes in laboratory measures were recorded in the groups receiving steroid therapy; increases in hemoglobin levels, peripheral-neutrophil counts[oadoi.org] Orbital apex syndrome is a rare but severe ocular complication of herpes zoster ophthalmicus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Orbital apex syndrome is a rare neuro-ophthalmic manifestation of herpes zoster virus infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Eschar Formation
  • Extensive Burns

    Pathophysiology : Systemic Effects  Immune system  Global depression in immune function  Diminished production of macrophages  Increased neutrophil count (dysfunctional[slideshare.net] The addition of 2.2% of the rare earth metal cerium salt to silversulphadiazine causes the formation of a relatively hard, yellow, leather-like eschar with excellent resistance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) followed by decrease after 48- 72 hrs  Impaired cytotoxic T cell activity  Increase risk of infections  Depressed Th function 51 51.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Orbital Apex Syndrome