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281 Possible Causes for Esophageal Varices on Barium Swallow, Liver Firm

  • Cryptogenic Cirrhosis

    CARDIAC CIRRHOSIS Clinic a l featu r es · Mild jaundice · Liver dysfunction · Hepatomegaly – firm, non tender • *Ascites · Peripheral edema · Oesophageal bleeding · Encephalopathy[medicscientist.com] The liver is typically palpable and firm, with a blunt edge, but is sometimes small and difficult to palpate. Nodules usually are not palpable.[merckmanuals.com] Clinical signs that suggest a chronic liver disorder or chronic alcohol use but are not specific for cirrhosis include muscle wasting, palmar erythema, parotid gland enlargement[merckmanuals.com]

  • Macronodular Cirrhosis

    A physician can sometimes identify early stages of cirrhosis by gently pressing the abdomen to determine whether the liver is enlarged and firm.[nmihi.com] During later stages of the disease the liver shrinks, causing an enlarged spleen which a physician may also identify by gently touching the abdomen.[nmihi.com]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Laennec's cirrhosis, also known as portal cirrhosis, alcoholic cirrhosis, fatty cirrhosis, or atrophic cirrhosis, is named after René Laennec, a French physician and the inventor of the stethoscope. It is a disease of the liver in which the normal lobular architecture is lost, with fibrosis (scarring) and later nodular[…][en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cardiac Cirrhosis

    Hepatomegaly Hepatomegaly is common, usually presenting as a firm, hard liver.[emedicine.medscape.com] Description: The congested liver is usually enlarged and firm, often associated with slight ... usually masked by s/s of right-sided heart failure ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation[powershow.com] With cirrhosis, the liver often becomes small and firm and may feel like a rock when it is felt in the upper abdomen. Edema or swelling of your legs.[verywell.com]

  • Indian Childhood Cirrhosis

    […] incidence decreasing in India ,Sri lanka affects 1-3 yrs age group 1 children in family affected growth retardation ascites liver-- enlarged, firm, sharp edges, fine granular[shakuntalapgmeenotes.blogspot.com] . • The liver is firm, enlarged, more than 2kgs in weight. • Appears yellow & greasy. • Later the size shrinks to almost about a kg due to fibrosis, which appears as macro[slideshare.net] On examination, he had hepatosplenomegaly with firm hepatomegaly and a leafy border. There were no other signs of liver cell failure.[pediatriconcall.com]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Therefore, it is not possible to draw any firm conclusions about the effect of UDCA therapy on the need for liver transplantation from these data.[doi.org] Therefore, it is not possible to draw any firm conclusions about the effect of UDCA therapy on mortality from these data. 2.[doi.org] Six participants underwent liver transplantation. However, these long‐term data were reported as follow up for the whole cohort, not by randomised group.[doi.org]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    A 42-year-old man with a history of Billroth II-gastrectomy, chronic alcoholism, and malnutrition developed acute tetraparesis, two days before admission. He presented with bilateral, proximal upper and lower limb weakness, limb girdle wasting, bilaterally reduced Achilles tendon reflexes, and bilateral stocking-type[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Liver Firm
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

    During the physical examination, the doctor may feel an enlarged, firm liver (in about 25% of people) or an enlarged spleen (in about 15%).[merckmanuals.com] Other initial manifestations include right upper quadrant discomfort (10%); an enlarged, firm, nontender liver (25%); splenomegaly (15%); hyperpigmentation (25%); xanthelasmas[merckmanuals.com] Liver transplantation remains the only option for end-stage disease but recurrence of disease may be found in the graft.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Esophageal Varices on Barium Swallow
  • Congenital Liver Cirrhosis

    The liver was enlarged (450 gm) and firm to hard in consistency. The capsular surface showed pin point to pin head sized vague nodules.[indianpediatrics.net] The liver is typically palpable and firm, with a blunt edge, but is sometimes small and difficult to palpate. Nodules usually are not palpable.[merckmanuals.com] Liver was palpable 4 cm below right costal margin and was firm, non-tender with smooth surface and irregular borders. Spleen tip was also palpable.[indianpediatrics.net]

    Missing: Esophageal Varices on Barium Swallow
  • Portal Hypertension

    Barium swallow demonstrating esophageal varices involving the entire length of the esophagus.[emedicine.medscape.com] Uphill esophageal varices.[emedicine.medscape.com] Large esophageal varices with red wale signs seen on endoscopy. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Uphill esophageal varices.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Liver Firm

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