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1,880 Possible Causes for Exertional Dyspnea, Focal Atrophy of Choroid, Prolonged PR Interval

  • Hemochromatosis

    A woman in her 70s was admitted with progressive dyspnea on exertion.[jsum.or.jp] The spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed retinal pigmentary epithelial atrophy associated with irregularities and focal interruption of the ellipsoid zone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A thin retina was also observed in the foveolar region associated to a thickened choroid. Full-field electroretinogram showed a decrease of rods and cones responses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    dyspnea , a feeling of pressure in the chest Later stages Progressive left heart failure and right heart failure Relative mitral valve regurgitation Diagnostics Patient history[amboss.com] dyspnea, angina, syncope, sudden death Systolic murmur mitral regurgitation murmur, S4 Bifid carotid pulse with a brisk upstroke and rapid downstroke Exertional dyspnea and[merckmanuals.com] ) dyspnea Angina pectoris Vertigo , syncope Obstructive and nonobstructive type Cardiac arrhythmias and palpitations Sudden cardiac death (particularly during or after intense[amboss.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    She had history of dyspnea on exertion and frequent respiratory infections in childhood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They presented with progressive dyspnea on exertion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He then begins to experience dyspnea on exertion. If the ductus is large there may be retardation of growth.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    dyspnea and palpitations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Note the low voltage in the precordial leads and a prolonged PR interval at 20 ms.[academic.oup.com] It usually manifests as a progressive heart failure with fatigue, exertional dyspnea and edema.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Sinoatrial Block

    This is different than a first-degree atrioventricular, or AV, block, which shows a prolonged PR interval.[healio.com] Mobitz Type 1 (Wenckebach) • Gradual prolongation of PR interval until nonconducted p wave • RP-PR reciprocity • Lengthening of the PR interval at progressively shorter decrements[slideshare.net] In the Mobitz I second-degree AV block, the PR interval is prolonged until the P wave is not followed by a QRS complex.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Amyloidosis

    He reported exertional dyspnea and worsening peripheral edema over the previous two months.[revportcardiol.org] MGUS and myeloma patients that have atypical features, including unexplained weight loss; lower extremity edema, early satiety, and dyspnea on exertion should be considered[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms most often include fatigue and exertional dyspnea, as well as edema due to heart failure, in some cases.[intechopen.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    dyspnea 労作性呼吸困難 external cardiac massage (ECM)非開胸心マッサージ extraanatomical bypass非解剖学的バイパス extracorporeal circulation対外循環 extremity[四]肢、手足 f Fabry's diseaseファーブリ病 false aneurysm[tokyo-med.ac.jp] ECG reveals no diagnostic changes, but 20% of patient show a prolonged PR interval. 15.[slideshare.net] PR interval[ 8 ] [ 9 ] (Cannot be included if carditis is present as a major symptom) Previous episode of rheumatic fever or inactive heart disease Other signs and symptoms[textbookofcardiology.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Third Degree Atrioventricular Block

    On the surface ECG this is realized through a prolonged PR interval.[ems12lead.com] The authors conclude that acute alcohol poisoning has the potential to prolong the PR interval in young, healthy adolescents without pre-existing first-degree AV block and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Note the fixed prolonged PR interval.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Diphtheritic Myocarditis

    Shortness of breath Dyspnea on exertion and fatigue are common.[intechopen.com] The following ECG changes may be noted in patients with rheumatic fever : [1] Sinus tachycardia or bradycardia depending on vagal tone Prolongation of PR interval Variable[wikidoc.org] In electrocardiographic tracings, a prolonged PR interval, changes in the ST-T wave, and single or progressive cardiac dysrhythmias can occur, such as first-degree, second-degree[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Ebstein Malformation

    Adult life: Ebstein anomaly presents with fatigue, exertional dyspnea, cyanosis, tricuspid regurgitation and/or right heart failure, and palpitations; arrhythmias are common[emedicine.medscape.com] […] may demonstrate a prolonged PR interval The main abnormality is an abnormal tricuspid valve (particularly septal and posterior leaflets), which is displaced apically into[radiopaedia.org] PR interval; usually normal second heart sound but may be widely split when pulmonary component delayed due to right bundle-branch block; third and fourth heart sounds commonly[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid