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53 Possible Causes for Exertional Dyspnea, Immunodeficiency Is Progressive, Severe Hypoxemia

  • Anemia

    Case 1 A 35-year-old woman presented to clinic 35 weeks pregnant, with fatigue that started early in pregnancy, dyspnea on exertion, and restless sleep.[bloodjournal.org] […] from HIV infection to autoimmune immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with a correlation between CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and Hb levels. 7,16 The causes of anemia in HIV/AIDS[ajmc.com] […] virus (HIV)–infected patients can have serious implications, which vary from functional and quality-of-life decrements to an association with disease progression and decreased[academic.oup.com]

  • Pneumonia

    She was emergently admitted to our hospital due to the worsening exertional dyspnea and severe hypoxemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Common symptoms of PCP include progressive shortness of breath, nonproductive cough, and low‐grade fever.[doi.org] However, three months after treatment he presented with shortness of breath and severe hypoxemia associated with peripheral eosinophilia.[dx.doi.org]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    When the FEV1 falls below about 0.8 L, patients are at risk of hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and cor pulmonale.[msdmanuals.com] […] on exertion wheezing, rhonchi, or other signs of obstruction may have accompanying URI symptoms (for example, fever, sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose) Past medical[clinicaladvisor.com] These patients need careful periodic monitoring to minimize further lung damage and progression to chronic irreversible lung disease.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis

    Rarely, hyperbaric chamber or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been utilized to perform WLL to manage severe hypoxemia, with venovenous ECMO being used more[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms and Signs Most patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis present with progressive exertional dyspnea and weight loss, fatigue, malaise, or low-grade fever.[merckmanuals.com] PAP is characterized morphologically by the inappropriate and progressive 'occupation' of the alveolar spaces by an excessive amount of unprocessed surfactant, limiting gas[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hepatopulmonary Syndrome

       50 mm Hg (8/41 with very severe hypoxemia versus 3/49 without severe hypoxemia, P   0.053), and there was a significantly increased risk for patients with anatomic shunting[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here, we discuss a case of a 45-year-old male Indian patient with no medical history who presented to our hospital with exertional dyspnea, hypoxia, and classical signs of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical progression of hepatitis C virus-related chronic liver disease in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy.[siicsalud.com]

  • Interstitial Lung Disease

    Sleep-disordered Breathing • For patients with sleep-disordered breathing complicated by severe nocturnal hypoxemia who cannot tolerate positive airway pressure therapy or[doi.org] She had been suffered from dry cough and exertional dyspnea for 2 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 61-year-old woman presented with longstanding cough and progressive dyspnoea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heart Failure

    It is important to close a patent foramen before LVAD support because significant right-to-left shunting may occur postoperatively, leading to severe hypoxemia under certain[doi.org] Here we present an 80-year-old Asian woman complaining of progressive exertional dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] virus (HIV)–associated cardiomyopathy generally progresses to death within 100 days of diagnosis in patients who are not treated with antiretroviral drugs.[emedicine.com]

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    The so-called acute exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF) may lead to severe hypoxemia requiring mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 71-year-old man developed exertional dyspnea and was diagnosed with IPF.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with mice receiving fibroblasts from slowly progressing patients.[stm.sciencemag.org]

  • Lymphocytic Interstitial Pneumonia

    Profound hypoxemia and/or an increased alveolar to arterial (A-a) oxygen gradient is present.[emedicine.com] Exertional dyspnea, x-ray infiltrates, and pulmonary physiologic abnormalities decreased or increased during 3 1/2 years of follow-up in parallel with the administered dose[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia is a rare, slowly progressive pulmonary disorder associated with autoimmune diseases, dysgammaglobulinemia, human immunodeficiency virus[symptoma.com]

  • Bronchiectasis

    , and evidence of hypoxemia or hypercapnia.[academic.oup.com] A 47-year-old Caucasian male presented to the chest clinic with a 4-week history of exertional dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis are common in Common Variable Immunodeficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]