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176 Possible Causes for Exertional Dyspnea, Narrow Airways

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    […] on exertion and shortness of breath.[medbullets.com] Dyspnea is the symptom that eventually dominates AATD (84%). [1] Similar to other forms of emphysema, the dyspnea of AATD is initially evident only with strenuous exertion[emedicine.medscape.com] Critical Essential Core Tested Community Questions (2) (M1.GI.22) A 36-year-old woman with no prior history of smoking presents to her primary care physician for recurrent dyspnea[medbullets.com]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    Bronchitis narrows the airways, making it harder for air to flow in and out of the lungs.[saintlukeshealthsystem.org] […] on exertion wheezing, rhonchi, or other signs of obstruction may have accompanying URI symptoms (for example, fever, sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose) Past medical[clinicaladvisor.com] This swelling narrows the airways, which makes it harder to breathe. Other symptoms of bronchitis are a cough and coughing up mucus.[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    They can cause inflammation (swelling) and narrowing of your airways. These changes could trigger asthma symptoms (an asthma episode or an asthma attack).[aafa.org]

  • Asthma

    It works by destroying some of the muscles surrounding the airways in the lungs, which can reduce their ability to narrow the airways.[nhsinform.scot] A 62-year-old man with asthma presented with a 1-month history of wheezing and exertional dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A chronic disease in which the bronchial airways in the lungs become narrowed and swollen, making it difficult to breathe.[icd9data.com]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    These processes narrow the airways.[blf.org.uk] According to the history of chronic cough and exertional dyspnea, he was treated with inhaled corticosteroids for COPD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] dyspnea and disease impact.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Allergic Asthma

    Over time, the muscles around the airways can become enlarged (hypertrophied), further narrowing the airways.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] This causes the airway lining to swell and narrow. The inflammation may last for hours, days or weeks following an episode.[nationaljewish.org] An inflammatory reaction causes the contraction of airway bronchial muscle fibres, which narrows and obstructs the airways.[avantgardemedical.ca]

  • Obesity

    Inflammation can affect the smooth muscle in the airways causing the airways to narrow excessively.[medicalnewstoday.com] Because dyspnea with exertion and lower extremity edema are often nonspecific signs of heart disease in obesity, 27–29 it may be difficult to clinically assess an obese individual[doi.org] These factors make it more likely that their airways will narrow. In addition, there is chronic low grade systemic inflammation in the obese.[medicalnewstoday.com]

  • Pneumonia

    Shortness of breath – This is caused by the narrowing of the airways and feeling of tightness in your chest. Bronchitis can even cause a wheezing as you breathe.[plushcare.com] She was emergently admitted to our hospital due to the worsening exertional dyspnea and severe hypoxemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The main symptoms usually include exertional dyspnea, dry cough, and subfebrile temperature or fever. Lactate dehydrogenase may be elevated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heart Failure

    In susceptible individuals, this results in upper airway closure (obstructive apnea, Fig 2) or narrowing (obstructive hypopnea).[web.archive.org] Here we present an 80-year-old Asian woman complaining of progressive exertional dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] dyspnea The principal difference between exertional dyspnea in patients who are healthy and exertional dyspnea in patients with heart failure is the degree of activity necessary[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    We conclude that right ventricular weight in patients with hypoxic chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) is related to airway narrowing, and that the Type B syndrome is associated[doi.org] The patient developed progressive exertional dyspnea, with clinical and laboratory findings of right-sided heart failure and pulmonary hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nonspecific: fatigue, tachypnea, exertional dyspnea, cough, anginal chest pain, hemoptysis, hoarseness What nonspecific signs may indicate underlying lung disease Increase[quizlet.com]

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