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13 Possible Causes for Exertional Dyspnea, Prominent Sulci

  • Hypoxia

    The patient described his dyspnea as exertional progressing over 1 week to rest dyspnea. He was prescribed antiretroviral therapy but was noncompliant.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Grossly, the lesion was marked by preserved gyral crests and involved sulci, resulting in prominent, mushroom-shaped gyri.[emedicine.medscape.com] Upon further questioning, she reports chronic dyspnea on moderate exertion. A diagnostic workup is initiated.[bloodjournal.org]

  • Pneumothorax

    , darkened lung field and prominent heart border.[oxfordmedicaleducation.com] […] rim around outside of lung Size can be estimated by depth of rim at hilum 2cm is approximately equal to 50% lung volume lost In supine films, look for deep costophrenic sulci[oxfordmedicaleducation.com]

  • Coccidioidomycosis

    Here, we report a 42-year-old male farmer from the west Texas who presented with an approximately 2-month history of progressive shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pulmonary vascularity; increased heart size suggesting diffuse chamber enlargement and/or pericardial effusion; blunting of the right and left costophrenic sulci with pleural[hcplive.com] HISTORY This 17-year-old Filipino female in the southern San Joaquin Valley of California presented with a 3 week history of progressive dyspnea on exertion and orthopnea[hcplive.com]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    dyspnea Neurodevelopmental delay Decreased plasma carnitine Generalized tonic seizures Severe global developmental delay Hepatic encephalopathy Methemoglobinemia Temporal[mendelian.co] Imaging wise feature of cerebral cortical atrophy Generalized prominence of hemisphere cortical sulci on CT or MRI in mild cases.[neuroradiologycases.com] Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[radiopaedia.org]

  • Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis

    dyspnea, and clubbing of the fingers 7 years postoperatively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A: A patient with Bardet-Biedl syndrome with normal findings; B: The circled area depicts cerebellar vermis atrophy manifested by more prominent folds/sulci, associated with[wjgnet.com] Case report A 14-year-old boy presented to us with two years history of exertional dyspnea and easy fatigability.[tropicalgastro.com]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The weakness increased progressively over the next few weeks, with exertional dyspnea after the patient walked a few steps.[nejm.org] There was complete resolution of cerebral edema in all patients and mild interval prominence of the cerebral sulci, which can indicate cerebral volume loss, in three out of[bloodjournal.org]

  • Funnel Chest

    As such, the most commonly reported symptom among patients with pectus excavatum is exertional dyspnea.[medscape.com] This is a common sequel of chronic respiratory disease, usually asthma, in childhood (Fig. 4.13). it consists of a localised prominence of the sternum and adjacent costal[78stepshealth.us] These symptoms in the form of pain, palpitation, exertional dyspnea and easy fatigability showed no significance differences between both groups.[cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    We report a 65-year-old man who presented with a progressive exertional dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] periventricular topographic distribution, whereas McKee et al 8 noted that the initial pathological changes were perivascular and at the base of the sulci and in the later[doi.org] Respiratory-onset ALS is a rare variant that accounts for about 3% of all cases of ALS, in which the initial symptoms are difficulty breathing (dyspnea) with exertion, at[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor

    Symptoms include a dry hacking cough, dyspnea on exertion, shortness of breath, wheezing and/or exercise intolerance.[emedicine.com] […] interpeduncular cistern and along the sulci adjacent to frontal lobes ( arrows ), representing disseminated leptomeningeal tumor.[ajnr.org] C, Axial (TR/TE, 700/22) fat-suppressed MR image shows prominent homogeneous contrast enhancement of the primary lesion as well as abnormal subarachnoid enhancement in the[ajnr.org]

  • Muscular Dystrophy-Dystroglycanopathy Type C2

    She continued to have progressive exertional dyspnea especially while climbing stairs such that she needed to rest in between flights.[pubs.sciepub.com] There was mild cerebellar volume loss with the prominence of median sulci, cerebellar folia, and ex vacuo dilatation of the fourth greater than bodies of the lateral ventricles[nature.com] A year ago, besides her musculoskeletal complaints, she also noted gradual onset of easy fatigability and started complaining of intermittent episodes of exertional dyspnea[pubs.sciepub.com]

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