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13 Possible Causes for Exertional Dyspnea, Prominent Sulci

  • Hypoxia

    The patient described his dyspnea as exertional progressing over 1 week to rest dyspnea. He was prescribed antiretroviral therapy but was noncompliant.[] Grossly, the lesion was marked by preserved gyral crests and involved sulci, resulting in prominent, mushroom-shaped gyri.[] Upon further questioning, she reports chronic dyspnea on moderate exertion. A diagnostic workup is initiated.[]

  • Pneumothorax

    , darkened lung field and prominent heart border.[] […] rim around outside of lung Size can be estimated by depth of rim at hilum 2cm is approximately equal to 50% lung volume lost In supine films, look for deep costophrenic sulci[]

  • Coccidioidomycosis

    Here, we report a 42-year-old male farmer from the west Texas who presented with an approximately 2-month history of progressive shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion[] […] pulmonary vascularity; increased heart size suggesting diffuse chamber enlargement and/or pericardial effusion; blunting of the right and left costophrenic sulci with pleural[] HISTORY This 17-year-old Filipino female in the southern San Joaquin Valley of California presented with a 3 week history of progressive dyspnea on exertion and orthopnea[]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    dyspnea Neurodevelopmental delay Decreased plasma carnitine Generalized tonic seizures Severe global developmental delay Hepatic encephalopathy Methemoglobinemia Temporal[] Imaging wise feature of cerebral cortical atrophy Generalized prominence of hemisphere cortical sulci on CT or MRI in mild cases.[] Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[]

  • Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis

    dyspnea, and clubbing of the fingers 7 years postoperatively.[] A: A patient with Bardet-Biedl syndrome with normal findings; B: The circled area depicts cerebellar vermis atrophy manifested by more prominent folds/sulci, associated with[] Case report A 14-year-old boy presented to us with two years history of exertional dyspnea and easy fatigability.[]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    The weakness increased progressively over the next few weeks, with exertional dyspnea after the patient walked a few steps.[] There was complete resolution of cerebral edema in all patients and mild interval prominence of the cerebral sulci, which can indicate cerebral volume loss, in three out of[]

  • Funnel Chest

    As such, the most commonly reported symptom among patients with pectus excavatum is exertional dyspnea.[] This is a common sequel of chronic respiratory disease, usually asthma, in childhood (Fig. 4.13). it consists of a localised prominence of the sternum and adjacent costal[] These symptoms in the form of pain, palpitation, exertional dyspnea and easy fatigability showed no significance differences between both groups.[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    We report a 65-year-old man who presented with a progressive exertional dyspnea.[] […] periventricular topographic distribution, whereas McKee et al 8 noted that the initial pathological changes were perivascular and at the base of the sulci and in the later[] Respiratory-onset ALS is a rare variant that accounts for about 3% of all cases of ALS, in which the initial symptoms are difficulty breathing (dyspnea) with exertion, at[]

  • Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor

    Symptoms include a dry hacking cough, dyspnea on exertion, shortness of breath, wheezing and/or exercise intolerance.[] […] interpeduncular cistern and along the sulci adjacent to frontal lobes ( arrows ), representing disseminated leptomeningeal tumor.[] C, Axial (TR/TE, 700/22) fat-suppressed MR image shows prominent homogeneous contrast enhancement of the primary lesion as well as abnormal subarachnoid enhancement in the[]

  • Muscular Dystrophy-Dystroglycanopathy Type C2

    She continued to have progressive exertional dyspnea especially while climbing stairs such that she needed to rest in between flights.[] There was mild cerebellar volume loss with the prominence of median sulci, cerebellar folia, and ex vacuo dilatation of the fourth greater than bodies of the lateral ventricles[] A year ago, besides her musculoskeletal complaints, she also noted gradual onset of easy fatigability and started complaining of intermittent episodes of exertional dyspnea[]

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