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478 Possible Causes for Exophthalmos, Goiter

  • Malignant Neoplasm

    THE value of extirpating goiters, particularly nodular ones, for the prevention of malignant neoplasms of the thyroid gland has been the subject of considerable discussion[nejm.org] Opinions have ranged from a conservative attitude to one of removing all goiters containing nodules, whether single or multiple. 1 , 2 In the presence of these divergent opinions[nejm.org]

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    In affected adults endocrine features include hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, multinodular goiter, and diabetes mellitus.[uniprot.org] Exophthalmos is seen in Graves' disease.[diapedia.org] ENDOCRINOLOGIC 204 PARANEOPLASTIC ENDOCRINE 223 SEX HORMONES AND HUMAN 219 APPROACH TO THE PATIENT WITH 37 ADVERSE EFFECTS OF IODIDE 360 MORPHOLOGY OF THE THYROID 38 NONTOXIC GOITER[books.google.com]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    In the patients with goiter, hyperthyroidism, and symptoms of exophthalmos, the level of expression of IL-6 was significantly higher than that of patients without exophthalmos[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 22-year-old lactating mother presented with symptoms of uneasiness, palpitation, tachycardia and exophthalmos.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most do not have exophthalmos or tremor. Atrial fibrillation, syncope, altered sensorium, heart failure, and weakness are more likely.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Graves Disease

    Exophthalmos, myxedema, and osteoarthropathy syndrome is a very rare condition that is associated with Graves' disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Much of the excess risk is confined to individuals treated for toxic nodular goiter.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The presence of bilateral exophthalmos and palpebral, periorbital edema associated with hyperthyroidism is most often considered as an initial sign of Graves' ophthalmopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thyrotoxic Heart Disease

    Topics covered include the following: thyroid synthesis and physiology; hyperthyroidism; hypothyroidism; thyroid nodules; goiter; differentiated thyroid cancer; subacute,[books.google.de] Exophthalmos Pretibial myxoedema is due to mucinosis , a generalised excess of glycosaminoglycans in the dermis .[dermnetnz.org] Keywords toxic goiter surgical treatment heart failure Abstract Changes in the severity of heart failure in patients with toxic goiter after surgery are insufficiently studied.The[ojs.ifnmu.edu.ua]

  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

    A clearly enlarging goiter was observed before the diagnosis of lymphoma in 3 patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] GB-20 With rough eyes and/or blurred vision : GB-37 With facial hot flashes : HT-6 , DU-14 With tinnitus : GB-2 With low back and knee soreness and weakness : UB-52 With exophthalmos[americandragon.com] In advanced stages, a goiter can interfere with proper breathing and swallowing.[endocrineweb.com]

  • Thyroid Gland Disorder

    E04.0 Nontoxic diffuse goiter E04.1 Nontoxic single thyroid nodule E04.2 Nontoxic multinodular goiter E04.8 Other specified nontoxic goiter E04.9 Nontoxic goiter, unspecified[icd10data.com] Symptoms of toxic nodular goiter do not include exophthalmos or skin problems, as in Graves' disease.[hon.ch] CAUSES Myxedema can occur in: Hyperthyroidism, associated with pretibial myxedema and exophthalmos.[slideshare.net]

  • Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma

    Despite early initiation, adequate doses of levothyroxine treatment and consequently normal thyrotropin (TSH) levels, the proposita developed a huge multinodular goiter (MNG[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Presenting feature of skull metastasis usually include a palpable scalp tumor, though unusual presentations with exophthalmos, disturbance of consciousness, hemiparesis, and[jcytol.org] Two siblings aged 21 and 19 yr presented with recurrent goiters for which they had undergone multiple thyroid surgeries since early childhood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myxedema

    E04.0 Nontoxic diffuse goiter E04.1 Nontoxic single thyroid nodule E04.2 Nontoxic multinodular goiter E04.8 Other specified nontoxic goiter E04.9 Nontoxic goiter, unspecified[icd10data.com] Myxedema can occur in the lower leg ( pretibial myxedema ) and behind the eyes ( exophthalmos ).[en.wikipedia.org] […] came across yet another case report involving someone with Hashimoto’s and pretibial myxedema, and while the test for TSH receptor antibodies couldn’t be done, she has the exophthalmos[naturalendocrinesolutions.com]

  • Orbital Metastasis

    A 63-year-old male patient presented with goiter. Histology performed after thyroidectomy proved follicular thyroid cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Progressive, left exophthalmos developed due to a left, retrobulbar mass in a 76-year-old Japanese woman.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Metastatic carcinoma of the prostate should be considered in the elderly male with exophthalmos.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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