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29 Possible Causes for Exostosis, Leg Length Inequality, Midline Defects

  • Scoliosis

    Abstract Cantrell's pentalogy (CP) is a rare syndrome characterized by defects in the lower sternum with ectopia cordis, anterior diaphragm defects, midline supraumbilical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] length inequality as cause of scoliosis other important findings on physical exam leg length inequality midline skin defects (hairy patches, dimples, nevi) signs of spinal[orthobullets.com] The patient is a 17-year-old Chinese female with scoliosis and hemihypertrophy of the right upper and lower extremity as well as exostosis of the right lower leg joint including[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cartilaginous Exostosis

    Failure of ossification of midline junction of bones Treatment Little if any functional defect Coxa vara if present may require osteotomy Pyknodysostosis Inheritance Autosomal[flinders.edu.au] length inequality may require equalization procedures in 50%; - fibular involvement by osteochondroma may cause: genu valgum ; - Ankle in MED: - valgus ankle deformity; -[wheelessonline.com] The ulnar tether theory for deformities of the wrist in patients who have multiple cartilaginous exostosis was not substantiated by this study.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metachondromatosis

    Midline defects, including hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles with hypermobile shoulders, short middle phalanges, coxa vara, symphysis pubis diastasis, scoliosis, and spondylolisthesis[musculoskeletalkey.com] In the lower limbs, a significant problem is leg length inequality.[boneandspine.com] Am J Surg Patho112: 368–378 Google Scholar Muse G, Rayan G (1986) Subungual exostosis.[link.springer.com]

  • Weismann Netter Syndrome

    defects 園田 徹 217 117 Mulvihill-Smith syndrome 園田 徹 219 118 MURCS association 園田 徹 221 119 muscular atrophy, spinal and bulbar(SBMA), X-linked Kennedy type 斎藤加代子 223 120 muscular[nippon-rinsho.co.jp] Length Inequality Lenz Majewski Hyperostotic Dwarfism Lissencephaly Type III and Bone Dysplasia Macroepiphyseal Dysplasia, McAlister Coe Type Marfan syndrome Marshall-Smith[rgd.mcw.edu] These radiographs will clearly show bowing of the shafts of the fibula and tibia along with presence of exostosis in the tibia.[epainassist.com]

  • Malignant Hyperthermia - Arthrogryposis - Torticollis

    Midline cleft of lower lip[?] Midline defects autosomal type[?] Midline defects recessive type[?] Midline developmental field defects[?] Midline field defects[?][encyclopedia.kids.net.au] Birch, MD Leg Length Inequality Principles of Angular Deformity Correction in Children SECTION III: NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS 25 - Disorders of the Brain Lori A.[catdir.loc.gov] 【外因性過敏性肺胞炎】*extrinsic allergic alveolitis (略 EAA) 【外因性湿疹】*exogenous eczema 【外因性真菌症】*exogenous mycosis 【外因性中毒症】*exogenous toxicosis 【外眼筋麻痺】*external ophthalmoplegia 【外骨症】*exostosis[medo.jp]

  • Coxa Vara

    […] in membranous ossification is reflected by the clinical involvement of mostly midline structures notably cranium, spine and pubic symphysis. 2,4-6 Cranial and facial features[scielo.org.za] Residual shortening was treated with a shoe lift or appropriate leg length inequality surgery.[healio.com] 0002812 HP:0002812 Coxa vara0 ENPP1 5167 289176 Autosomal recessive hypophosphatemic rickets ORPHA72151HP:0002812 HP:0002812 Coxa vara0 EXT1 2131 133700 Multiple congenital exostosis[mseqdr.org]

  • Acro-Pectoral Syndrome

    A SALL4 zinc finger missense mutation predicted to result in increased DNA binding affinity is associated with cranial midline defects and mild features of Okihiro syndrome[wikigenes.org] length inequality is common and there may be a need for contralateral epiphyseodesis or rarely ipsilateral lengthening Prognosis 50% of fractures will heal with firm internal[flinders.edu.au] The abnormality may be isolated or associated with a broad spectrum of midline defects, such as median cleft of the mandible, tongue and lower lip.[plasticsurgerykey.com]

  • Cranio-Osteo-Arthropathy

    […] syndrome Microphthalmia, Lenz type Microphthalmia-ankyloblepharon-intellectual disability syndrome Microphthalmia-brain atrophy syndrome Midline interhemispheric variant[se-atlas.de] […] acquired unequal leg length leg length discrepancy leg length inequality short arm short leg short radius shortening of femur unequal arm length unequal leg length short[medicbind.com] Click to view larger Figure 11.4B Note the characteristic bony spur on the lower femur, in addition to the large exostosis over the superior tibio-fibular joint.[m.oxfordmedicine.com]

  • Mazabraud Syndrome

    Autoimmune hemolytic anemia & thrombocytopenia Eczema Thrombocytopenia Immunodeficiency Rare, XR WASp gene Beckwith-Weidemann syndrome Macrosomia (big babies) Macroglossia Midline[cram.com] […] deformities, increase leg lengths, and accommodate straight stems (Figure 2).[healio.com] Review Topic QID: 251 3 Multiple hereditary exostosis ML 2 Select Answer to see Preferred Response PREFERRED RESPONSE 4 (OBQ07.231) A 17-year-old high-school track athlete[orthobullets.com]

  • Radial Hemimelia

    […] syndrome Microphthalmia, Lenz type Microphthalmia-ankyloblepharon-intellectual disability syndrome Microphthalmia-brain atrophy syndrome Midline interhemispheric variant[se-atlas.de] inequality and ankle instability. 11 In our case, leg-length discrepancy did not occur because of the amputation of the other leg.[healio.com] The etiology was Madelung’s deformity in seven patients, multiple cartilaginous exostosis in three patients, post-traumatic growth arrest of distal radius epiphysis in one[springermedizin.de]

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