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15 Possible Causes for Exotropia, Varicella-Zoster Virus Encephalitis

  • Varicella

    KEYWORDS: Brainstem encephalitis; Cerebellitis; Ramsay Hunt syndrome; Varicella zoster virus; Zoster oticus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chickenpox is caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV/HHV-3), which is one of the eight human herpes viruses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Reactivation of the same herpes virus is responsible for shingles (zoster).[medicinenet.com]

  • Ocular Palsy

    Meningitis/encephalitis 7. Subdural hematoma 8. Viral or post-upper respiratory tract infection 9. Varicella-zoster virus 10. Aneurysm 11. Orbital cellulitis 12.[slideshare.net] […] by exotropia and esotropia.[bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com] exotropia in the state of secondary deviation.[omicsonline.org]

  • Herpes Zoster Oticus

    zoster virus (VZV).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alternate prism cover test showed right hypertropia of 3 PD and exotropia of 4 PD on right-ward gaze.[cyberleninka.org] […] oticus. ( 18836966 ) Kim J...Lee WS 2009 11 Herpes zoster oticus associated with varicella zoster virus encephalitis. ( 19213041 ) Eskiizmir G...Unl?[malacards.org]

  • Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus

    Varicella zoster virus encephalitis in a previously healthy five-year-old child with herpes zoster ophthalmicus. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2005;24:476-7. 13.[nigerianjournalofophthalmology.com] The right eye (C) was noted to be slightly down and out in primary gaze (exotropia and hypotropia), which is consistent with the oculomotor palsy of the right eye.[jaoa.org] Herpes zoster ophthalmicus and sixth nerve palsy in a pediatric patient. Can J Ophthalmol 2007;42:152-3. 12. Ofek-Shlomai N, Averbuch D, Wolf DG, Engelhard D.[nigerianjournalofophthalmology.com]

  • Infantile Choroidocerebral Calcification Syndrome

    Ong CL and Daniel ML (1998) Antenatal diagnosis of a porencephalic cyst in congenital varicella-zoster virus infection. Pediatr Radiol 28, 94.[mrineonatalbrain.com] Plantar pits Hyperreflexia Feeding difficulties Hypopigmentation of the skin Infantile onset Hypertonia Recurrent infections Mandibular prognathia Iris coloboma Epicanthus Exotropia[mendelian.co] Noorbehesht B, Enzmann DR, Sullender et al. (1987) Neonatal herpes simplex encephalitis: correlation of clinical and CT findings. Radiology 162(3), 813–819.[mrineonatalbrain.com]

  • Coats Plus Syndrome

    Herpes zoster oticus associated with varicella zoster virus encephalitis. Laryngoscope. 2009 Apr;119(4):628-30.[de.slideshare.net] Parry-Romberg syndrome presenting with recurrent exotropia and torticollis. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2008 Nov-Dec;45(6):368-70.[de.slideshare.net]

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Additionally, anti-NMDAR encephalitis has also been observed to follow a varicella zoster brain infection in one patient [ 168 ].[doi.org] By contrast, control EOM from a patient undergoing strabismus surgery for a sensory exotropia in a nonseeing eye and a similar duration of deviation, showed normal muscle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CPEO has little to no diurnal variation, and patients usually do not have diplopia (although the author has encountered many patients with CPEO and exotropia).[emedicine.com]

  • Facial Hemiatrophy

    Herpes zoster oticus associated with varicella zoster virus encephalitis. Laryngoscope. 2009 Apr;119(4):628-30.[de.slideshare.net] Parry-Romberg syndrome presenting with recurrent exotropia and torticollis. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2008 Nov-Dec;45(6):368-70.[de.slideshare.net]

  • Meningeal Disorder

    Other common causes include Varicella-zoster virus Mosquito-borne viruses (called arboviruses ), such as West Nile virus, St.[msdmanuals.com] […] such that the superior pole rotates outward executive functions higher intellectual functions such as judgment, insight, reasoning, abstraction exophthalmos see proptosis exotropia[strokecenter.org] Louis encephalitis virus, and California encephalitis virus Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus HSV-2 causes genital herpes, a sexually transmitted disease that causes painful[msdmanuals.com]

  • Orbital Apex Syndrome

    The reactivation caused superior orbital fissure syndrome, which has only rarely been described in relation to varicella zoster virus reactivation.[karger.com] Congenital esotropia and exotropia - Only early intervention using simultaneous bimedial rectus muscle injection (esotropia) or bilateral rectus muscle injection (exotropia[masa42.ru] Karger AG, Basel Background The incidence of varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is increased in immunosuppressed patients, and reactivation of herpes zoster is a common[karger.com]

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