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348 Possible Causes for Exposure Keratitis

  • Ectropion

    Exposure keratitis can lead to infectious keratitis, corneal perforation, blindness and disfigurement.[] Management of postburn cicatricial ectroption of the upper lid is always a challenge for the oculoplastic surgeon, as they are often associated with exposure keratitis and[] BACKGROUND: Cicatricial ectropion of the upper eyelid is a serious problem because of the association with exposure keratitis and ulceration.[]

  • Sjögren Syndrome

    […] corneoscleral patching for an impending or frank perforation Lateral tarsorrhaphy - Temporary tarsorrhaphy (50%) is indicated in patients with dry eye disease secondary to exposure[] keratitis after facial nerve paralysis and after trigeminal nerve lesions that give rise to dry eye disease secondary to loss of corneal sensation Conjunctival flap Conjunctivoplasty[]

  • Congenital Upper Palpebral Retraction

    When there is a more severe upper lid retraction or exposure keratitis, marginal myotomy of levator palpebrae associated with lateral tarsal canthoplasty is recommended.[] Lid-lengthening surgeries can be done on upper and lower eyelid to correct the patient’s appearance and the ocular surface exposure symptoms.[]

  • Corneal Burn

    This might involve the upper and lower eyelids both eventually leading to exposure keratitis, corneal opacities, and ulcers.[] Patients with full thickness lid burns are particularly at risk of late lagophthalmos, corneal exposure and secondary keratitis and visual loss (25).[] Associated lid burns can cause lid shortening, rigidity, and contractures resulting in exposure keratitis and mechanical injury to the cornea, and are usually associated with[]

  • Exposure Keratitis

    Exposure keratitis can lead to infectious keratitis, corneal perforation, blindness and disfigurement.[] Four children developed exposure keratitis of various degrees of severity while being mechanically ventilated for control of intracranial pressure.[] Once lagophthalmos is diagnosed following measures should be taken to prevent exposure keratitis. Frequent instillation of artificial tear eyedrops.[]

  • Keratitis

    keratitis (abnormal closure of the eyelids, which can range from mild to very severe keratitis) How can keratitis be prevented?[] Ulcerative keratitis Classification (by environmental aetiology) [ edit ] Exposure keratitis (also known as exposure keratopathy)— due to dryness of the cornea caused by[] In exposure keratitis the cornea may also become dry and inflamed when, because of protrusion of the eyeball or paralysis of the muscle that closes the lids, a person is unable[]

  • Blepharoptosis

    Because of the risk of worsening of lagophthalmos and exposure keratitis due to an associated poor Bell phenomenon or weak orbicularis function, surgical treatment of the[] Exposure keratitis after correction should be monitored.[] No ectropion, entropion, fornix conjunctival prolapse or exposure keratitis was noted.[]

  • Cloverleaf Skull

    Treatment Treatment Options: Exposure keratitis requires the usual treatment.[] Ophthalmic involvement is a major feature of this syndrome.5 The most severe problem is exposure keratitis, secondary to severe proptosis or luxation of the globe.[] Besides the ocular features described in [Figure 4], the left cornea showed evidence of mild exposure keratitis which responded to conservative treatment.[]

  • Goiter

    Exophthalmos can lead to exposure conjunctivitis, keratitis (corneal ulceration) and perforation.[]

  • Central Corneal Ulcer

    Non-infectious causes - all of which may be complicated by infection - include neurotrophic keratitis (resulting from loss of corneal sensation), exposure keratitis (due to[] Keratitis Phlyctenular keratitis Vernal keratitis Atopic keratitis Trophic Keratitis Exposure keratitis Neuroparalytic keratitis Keratomalacia Atheromatous Ulcer Associated[] Concomitant ocular diseases, such as exposure keratitis, dry eye, and limbal stem cell deficiency, negatively influence the outcome of NK and should be treated.[]

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