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63 Possible Causes for Extremity Ataxia, Fainting Spells, Progressive Polyneuropathy

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (ataxia, confusion, ophthalmoplegia), amnesic problems, peripheral neuropathy and dementia.[] Investigations Alcohol level is useful in acute comatose state: Alcohol level 300 mg/100 ml extreme intoxication (drowsiness and then coma).[]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    We describe a case of a young black woman with gradually progressive lower extremity paresthesias, weakness, and ataxia as the primary presenting symptoms of pernicious anemia[] ), ataxia and positive Babinski reflexes.[] Consequently, the neurologic effects may include neuritis, weakness in the extremities, peripheral numbness and paresthesias (an abnormal sensation like tingling or burning[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare condition in pregnancy which is characterised by symmetrical progressive ascending polyneuropathy.[] , and loss of deep tendon reflexes with relative sparing of strength in the extremities and trunk.[] An 81-year-old man presented with fever, confusion and rapidly-progressive flaccid tetraparesis.[]

  • Heavy Metal Poisoning

    In addition, non-inflammatory degenerative disease of the sensorimotor nerves (sensorimotor polyneuropathy) may advance to progressive deterioration (atrophy).[] Local villagers ate the fish and began to exhibit signs of neurologic damage, such as visual loss, extremity numbness, hearing loss, and ataxia.[] Some affected individuals may experience the loss of most or all of their scalp hair (alopecia); rapidly progressive and painful sensory polyneuropathy; motor neuropathy;[]

  • Orthostatic Hypotension

    MSA is a progressive, adult-onset disorder characterized by a combination of autonomic dysfunction, parkinsonism, and ataxia.[] She had alternating Horner's syndrome, mild hypoalgesia of the right face, exaggerated deep tendon reflexes of the upper extremities, decreased deep sensation and ataxia of[] This is different from a syncope caused by cardiac problems because there are known triggers for the fainting spell (standing, heat, emotion ) and identifiable prodromal symptoms[]

  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

    On admission, the patient exhibited bifacial, extremity weakness, ataxia, impaired sensation, and areflexia. Electrophysiology and nerve biopsy suggested demyelination.[] They may additionally present with fainting spells while standing up or burning pain in extremities.[] Shortly after HSCT the patient developed progressive polyneuropathy of the lower legs and hypoesthesia. Five months later a severe dementia followed.[]

  • Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis

    , dysarthria, dysphagia, and facial weakness; progressive motor weakness; altered mental status; and ataxia.[] His symptoms progressed to bilateral lower extremity ataxia precluding ambulation and right-sided internuclear ophthalmoplegia(INO).[] Our patient showed ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, areflexia and a weakness of the extremities (MFS and GBS symptoms) in all episodes.[]

  • Unverricht-Lundborg Syndrome

    polyneuropathy type SLC25A19 Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis type 1 CACNA1S Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis type 2 KCNJ18 Tibial muscular dystrophy, tardive TTN Tourette syndrome[] There was no ataxia, but independent ambulation was impossible due to the very frequent and large-amplitude activity-induced lower extremity myoclonic seizures.[] ., what sorts of spells are likely to beset infants, children, or the elderly?[]

  • Diabetic Neuropathy

    Common adverse effects of GBP include drowsiness, dizziness, ataxia, somnolence, and fatigue. Rhabdomyolysis is an extremely rare side effect of GBP.[] Fainting spells upon standing may indicate postural hypotension. A physician may detect early signs of neuropathy.[] Said G (1981) Progressive centripetal degeneration in polyneuropathies [French]. Rev Neurol 137 : 573–588 9.[]

  • Diabetic Polyneuropathy

    Ms Q is a 52-year-old woman who has had progressive polyneuropathy in the setting of diabetes for the past 8 years.[] Deep tendon reflexes were symmetric and graded 2 in all extremities.[] Fainting spells upon standing may indicate postural hypotension. A physician may detect early signs of neuropathy.[]

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