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355 Possible Causes for Facial Muscle Atrophy

  • Oculopharyngodistal Myopathy

    Weakness in masseter, facial, and bulbar muscles have been observed but no muscle group seems to be spared. Atrophy of facial muscles is common and may be pronounced.[] Affected patients have a typical “hatchet-faced” appearance due to temporalis, masseter, and facial muscle atrophy and weakness.[] There was muscle weakness and atrophy of the legs, more pronounced distally (MRC 3/5) than proximally (MRC 4–/5); this was less severe in the arms. Sensation was normal.[]

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    Facial muscle atrophy and weakness leads to drooping of the lower lip, which has unfavorable functional and aesthetic outcomes.[] Atrophy and weakness of facial muscles, ptosis, and frontal baldness produce a characteristic facial appearance.[] Figure 3 Typical facial appearance of severe adult onset myotonic dystrophy showing weakness and atrophy of the facial muscles, wasting of the temporalis and ptosis (approximately[]

  • Microtia

    […] clefts; and atrophy of facial muscles and parotid gland.  urogenital tract abnormalities  hemifacial microsomia, Goldenhar Syndrome or Treacher-Collins Syndrome. 7.  Obvious[] […] clefts; paresis of the facial nerve; and atrophy of facial muscles and parotid gland [ 67, 68, 70 ]; even the palatal muscles are weak on the involved side [40] .[] […] and second branchial arch syndrome)  defects of the external and middle ear; hypoplasia of the mandible, maxilla, zyogomatic, and temporal bones; macrostomia and lateral facial[]

  • Facial Hemiatrophy

    Definition: A syndrome characterized by slowly progressive unilateral atrophy of facial subcutaneous fat, muscle tissue, skin, cartilage, and bone.[] Abstract Progressive facial hemiatrophy (PFH) is a rare condition characterized by the slow, progressive appearance of a unilateral facial atrophy that affects the skin, subcutaneous[] Abstract Parry-Romberg syndrome, also known as progressive hemifacial atrophy, is a rare disorder characterized by unilateral facial atrophy affecting the skin, subcutaneous[]

  • Facial Nerve Paralysis of the Newborn

    Physical Therapy Bell’s palsy can cause the facial muscles in the affected area to atrophy.[] If not, the facial muscles gradually atrophy, and then the patient will not be able to control their facial expressions. physical Therapy involves the use of special lamps[] Patients with atrophied facial muscles — those with old paralyses or those who were born with it — will also need a muscle transplant about a year after the nerve transplant[]

  • Cushing Syndrome

    Facial fullness, moon facies, facial plethora. Proximal muscle wasting and weakness. Diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. Gonadal dysfunction, reduced libido.[] Skin: skin atrophy, purple striae, easy bruising, hirsutism, acne; pigmentation occurs with ACTH-dependent causes.[]

  • Bronchial Adenocarcinoma

    Symptoms of Pancoast syndrome Severe, localized pain in the axilla and shoulder Horner syndrome Atrophy of arm and hand muscles Edema of the arm, facial swelling, morning[]

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    People first report drooping eyelids, followed by weakness in the facial muscles and pharyngeal muscles in the throat, causing difficulty swallowing.[] The tongue may atrophy and changes to the voice may occur. Eyelids may droop so dramatically that some individuals compensate by tilting back their heads.[]

  • Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy

    […] of the bulbar, facial, and limb muscles pathologically associated with motor neuron loss in the spinal cord and brainstem.[] The main symptoms are slowly progressive muscle weakness and atrophy of bulbar, facial and limb muscles.[] He exhibited facial and tongue fasciculations, hypernasality, gynecomastia, neurogenic changes in muscle biopsy, and increased serum testosterone levels.[]

  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy

    Symptoms include pharyngeal muscle weakness (involved with swallowing), weak jaw and facial muscles, progressive loss of speech, and tongue muscle atrophy.[] Symptoms muscle weakness (especially pharyngeal, facial and masticatory muscles) loss of speech emotial lability – rapid alternation of laughing and crying tongue muscle atrophy[] When anterior horn cells of spinal (not cranial) nerves are affected, as in spinal muscular atrophies , symptoms usually include muscle weakness and atrophy, fasciculations[]

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