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568 Possible Causes for Facial Muscle Atrophy

  • Oculopharyngodistal Myopathy

    Weakness in masseter, facial, and bulbar muscles have been observed but no muscle group seems to be spared. Atrophy of facial muscles is common and may be pronounced.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] Affected patients have a typical “hatchet-faced” appearance due to temporalis, masseter, and facial muscle atrophy and weakness.[clinicalgate.com] There was muscle weakness and atrophy of the legs, more pronounced distally (MRC 3/5) than proximally (MRC 4–/5); this was less severe in the arms. Sensation was normal.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Tretinoin

    Facial muscles atrophy and become somewhat contracted, contributing to wrinkles.[happynews.com]

  • Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

    Upon examination, he was unable to drum his cheeks and exhibited fatigable muscle weakness and facial muscle atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Facial nerve repetitive stimulation in the proband showed decrement of muscle responses. Single fiber EMG revealed increased jitter and blocking.[pagepressjournals.org] He has a marked muscle atrophy, scoliosis as well as hyperlordosis.[brain.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

    Upon examination, he was unable to drum his cheeks and exhibited fatigable muscle weakness and facial muscle atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Facial nerve repetitive stimulation in the proband showed decrement of muscle responses. Single fiber EMG revealed increased jitter and blocking.[pagepressjournals.org] He has a marked muscle atrophy, scoliosis as well as hyperlordosis.[brain.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Brain Surgery

    Patients recover relatively quickly in comparison with traditional pterional operations, with potentially less pain, chewing difficulties and facial muscle atrophy.[pacificneuroscienceinstitute.org]

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    Facial muscle atrophy and weakness leads to drooping of the lower lip, which has unfavorable functional and aesthetic outcomes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Atrophy and weakness of facial muscles, ptosis, and frontal baldness produce a characteristic facial appearance.[neuropathology-web.org] Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is an autosomal-dominant, slowly progressive myopathy that involves facial, shoulder, and upper arm muscles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Osteopetrosis

    muscle atrophy ( late ( 14.[slideshare.net] Facial nerve palsy 15. Clinical Testing of Facial Nerve Functions Observe patient Face during rest & movement for : Asymmetry Hemi facial spasm Facial tics blinking 16.[slideshare.net] […] forehead & nasolabial folds Drooping of corner of mouth Uncontrolled tearing Inability to close eye Lips cannot be held tightly together: difficulty keeping food in mouth Facial[slideshare.net]

  • Temporal Lobe Tumor

    Patients recover relatively quickly in comparison with traditional pterional operations, with potentially less pain, chewing difficulties and facial muscle atrophy.[pacificneuroscienceinstitute.org]

  • Primrose Syndrome

    The patient was a mentally retarded 43-year-old woman who had hearing impairment, distorted facial features, muscle atrophy, cataracts, and ossification of cartilage.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome

    We described a case of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome in whom facial nerve branch palsies and an isolated masseter muscle atrophy were found in association with indolent multifocal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] facial soft tissue swellings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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