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101 Possible Causes for Facial Muscle Weakness and Progressive Atrophy, Limb Weakness, Neck Weakness

  • Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy

    It is caused by having tight muscles on one side of the neck and weak muscles on the other side of the neck.[] Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is an autosomal-dominant, slowly progressive myopathy that involves facial, shoulder, and upper arm muscles.[] FSHD presentation with foot drop or lower limb proximal weakness appeared to be more frequent than expected.[]

  • Lambert Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome

    Neurological examination revealed ptosis, dysarthria, neck weakness, hyporeflexia of all limbs, and autonomic failure.[] MuSK MG should be considered if there is facial or tongue weakness with atrophy, or weakness that predominates in neck or shoulder muscles.[] Here, we describe a patient with a 5-year history of cervical myelopathy who presented with recurrent limb weakness of her limbs and complained of recent progressive weakness[]

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    Patients may also develop difficulty with eye movements, though often without diplopia, nasal dysarthria, and mild neck weakness. For more information, see OMIM .[] Other signs that occur as the disease progresses include tongue weakness and atrophy, proximal upper and lower extremity weakness, dysphonia, dysarthria, facial muscle weakness[] weakness (MRC scale) and to quantify the consequences of the limb girdle weakness on daily activities (Rankin scale).[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    An 82-year-old woman developed neck weakness and dysarthria with antibodies against acetylcholine receptor (AChR) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4[] In cranial nerves, common symptoms are atrophy of facial muscles and progressive bulbar palsy (PBP).[] We report the case of a 61-year-old man who presented with progressively worsening limb weakness and dysphagia.[]

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    They include: drooping muscles in your face, producing a thin, haggard look difficulty lifting your neck due to weak neck muscles difficulty swallowing droopy eyelids, or[] Abstract Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is an autosomal-dominant, slowly progressive myopathy that involves facial, shoulder, and upper arm muscles.[] The symptoms of FSH dystrophy may appear during childhood with severe facial and limb weakness or develop slowly and gradually in adulthood with progressive difficulty closing[]

  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

    […] of neck muscles.[] The initial high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin treatment significantly improved left upper limb muscle weakness.[] Magistris also reported a case diagnosed as MMN 13 years after the onset with symptoms, such as weakness of neck, tongue muscles and the presence of respiratory distress [[]

  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    […] that neck extension weakness is most pronounced in DM1.[] Clinical Presentation: Variable, progressive disability; facial and distal limb muscle weakness with myotonia; cataracts; cardiac conduction defects; diabetes mellitus; and[] Patient-reported perceived changes (worse/stable) in balance, walking, lower-limb weakness, stair-climbing and hand weakness were used as criteria.[]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    ALS, PLS, PMA, MMA) Symmetric weakness without sensory loss (e.g. PMA, PLS) Symmetric focal midline proximal weakness (neck, trunk, bulbar involvement; e.g.[] Symptoms include pharyngeal muscle weakness (involved with swallowing), weak jaw and facial muscles, progressive loss of speech, and tongue muscle atrophy.[] Selective distal upper limb muscle weakness and atrophy with non-significant lower limb weakness during follow-up was the most frequent motor pattern, present in 18 patients[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1

    Spinal Muscular Atrophy [SMN1]: Severe and progressive weakness of the voluntary muscles affecting breathing, swallowing, head/neck control, walking and crawling.[] We present a baby with spinal muscular atrophy type 1, an inherited disorder causing progressive weakness, leading to complete paralysis of respiratory, facial and limb muscles[] Symptoms include tremors of the hands, muscle cramps, limb weakness, and twitching.[]

  • Sarcotubular Myopathy

    Symptoms of Sarcotubular myopathy Clinical features : Imported from Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) Abnormality of head or neck Mask-like facies Neck flexor weakness Weakness[] There is often asymmetric quadriceps, hamstring, biceps, brachioradialis, or calf weakness and atrophy. Muscle pain is common.[] Here we describe a three generation Swedish family clinically presenting with limb girdle muscular weakness and histological features of a microvacuolar myopathy.[]

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