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187 Possible Causes for Facial Swelling, Mediastinal Mass

  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    Here, we report a case of facial swelling and severe bilateral pleural effusion secondary to superior vena cava occlusion in a 41-year-old woman.[] Anesthetic management of superior vena cava syndrome due to anterior mediastinal mass.[] We present a 5-year-old male with superior vena cava syndrome associated with acute onset of severe upper extremity and facial swelling, dyspnea, and a right subclavian central[]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Symptoms may include: Fatigue and malaise Decreased appetite Weight gain and facial swelling Abdominal swelling or pain Foamy urine Fluid accumulation in the body spaces ([] Primary localized amyloidosis presenting as an isolated mediastinal mass is extremely rare, especially in the thymus.[] Sclerosing thymoma is also an extremely rare anterior mediastinal tumor, pathologically characterized by extensive sclerotic lesions with hyalinization and calcification.[]

  • Thymoma

    We report a case of a 57-year-old male who presented an anterior mediastinal mass suspicious of thymoma by chest computed tomography.[] Persistent cough Shortness of breath Pain or pressure in the chest Muscle weakness Drooping eyelids Double vision Arm or facial swelling Difficulty swallowing Anemia, which[] Symptoms Persistent cough Shortness of breath Pain or pressure in the chest Muscle weakness Drooping eyelids Double vision Arm or facial swelling Difficulty swallowing Anemia[]

  • T-Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma

    Chest radiographs showed an anterior mediastinal mass ( A and B ).[] This report describes a case of post-transplantation lymphoma presenting with a mediastinal mass causing superior vena cava syndrome, tracheal obstruction, and pleural effusion[] A case of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma is described in which the patient presented with a characteristic mediastinal mass and lack of bone marrow involvement.[]

  • Chylothorax

    Girl, 7 years old, with chronic facial swelling started after hyperemesis.[] Mediastinal mass biopsy led to diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma of the nodular sclerosis subtype.[] Thoracic duct leak followed esophagectomy in 46 patients (47%), pulmonary resection in 30 (31%), mediastinal mass resection in 7 (8%), and after other procedures in 15.[]

  • Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Facial edema Thorax Thoracic masses suggestive of central lymphadenopathy Localized anterosuperior mediastinal mass Abdomen Abdominal masses suggestive of central lymphadenopathy[] CT scan revealed a 5-cm anterior mediastinal mass and mediastinal lymphadenopathy.[] Bulky mediastinal mass was present in 18 cases (46%). The 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 70 and 64%, respectively.[]

  • Airway Obstruction

    Two patients with inspiratory stridor, anterior neck swelling, and facial edema progressed to respiratory distress and their hematomas were removed by surgery, during which[] Preoperative pulmonary function testing in patients with known mediastinal masses can help clarify the nature of the mass and guide the anesthetic management.[] […] be intubated to below level of obstruction normal induction may be appropriate any suggestion of malignant tracheal invasion - AFOI Lower Tracheal & Bronchial Obstruction mediastinal[]

  • Melioidosis

    A 35-year-old man was admitted to an intensive care unit with unilateral facial swelling and septic shock after multiple presentations to the emergency department with non-specific[] We report a case of thoracic melioidosis presenting as a mediastinal mass with impending superior vena cava obstruction.[] The patient presented with a left supraclavicular abscess and a non-cavitary, left lung mass encasing a pulmonary vein.[]

  • Germ Cell Tumor

    We review the differential diagnosis for anterior mediastinal masses and their potential consequences.[] The condition may also lead to: Difficulty in breathing, swallowing Cough Weight loss Facial swelling Hoarseness of voice When Extra Gonadal Germ Cell Tumors occur in the[] Here we report a 16-year-old male with an anterior mediastinal mass diagnosed as a malignant germ cell tumor based on elevation of serologic markers.[]

  • Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

    We may encounter with the major airway obstruction in the endoluminal or extraluminal lung and mediastinal masses or those with both components together.[] Occasionally a similar presentation may be due to a malignant tumor, and oral clinicians must always bear this possibility in mind with facial swellings that do not respond[] Extra-oral examination ( Figure 1 ) revealed facial asymmetry due to diffuse swelling over the upper lip with no change in the colour of the skin.[]

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