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124 Possible Causes for Falling, Nocturnal Leg Cramp, Paresthesia

  • Hypoglycemia

    Seizures may occur as the glucose falls further.[en.wikipedia.org] Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the central nervous system resulting in hunger; sweating; paresthesia; impaired mental function; seizures; coma[icd9data.com] Diabetics are more prone to hypoglycemia and are advised to carry such food items at all times in case of a falling blood sugar that needs urgent correction.[news-medical.net]

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    However, the role of gaming systems in fall risk reduction was not explored.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a debilitating side effect of chemotherapy, which manifests as paresthesias, dysesthesias, and numbness in the hands and feet[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients present with pain, paresthesias, or weakness along a specific nerve distribution or experience generalized peripheral neuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    We report a case of a 64-year-old alcoholic man who had a traumatic subdural haematoma after a fall from a height of about eight meters on level ground.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] People suffering from alcoholic neuropathy may feel burning and tingling sensations in their feet, which may persist or may last from a few months to a few years.[foundationforpn.org] Osteoporosis and falls leading to fractures of the hip are more common in alcoholic patients.[symptoma.com]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    The fall in cobalamin concentration runs in parallel with these abnormalities. The concentration of this vitamin was below normal levels in as much as 15.2% of cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common of these are paresthesias, weakness, clumsiness, and an unsteady gait.[web.archive.org] If B12 levels fall too far, the result is lagging energy, depression, indigestion, diarrhea, and ultimately, anemia.[innvista.com]

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

    Two common causes of pain or discomfort in legs are nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) and restless leg syndrome (RLS).[doi.org] This distraction may make it easier for you to fall asleep. Focusing on your breathing and using other relaxation techniques also may help you fall asleep.[web.archive.org] As reported by patients, paresthesia and/or dysesthesia may range in severity from slightly unpleasant to extremely agonizing.[symptoma.com]

  • Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

    Dependent variables included unipedal stance time (UST), step width variability and range on an uneven surface, and major fall-related injury over 12 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It typically causes burning pain, paresthesias, and numbness in a stocking-glove pattern that progresses proximally from the feet and hands.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Therapy is limited to anti-convulsant or anti-depressant drugs for neuropathic pain and paresthesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    It is postulated that the degree of hypoventilation encountered was a normal response and that a fall in intracellular hydrogen ion concentration was responsible for the hypoventilation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dry mouth Nausea/vomiting May exhibit: Abdominal distension (elevating diaphragm as with ascites, pregnancy) Vomiting NEUROSENSORY May report: Headache, tinnitus Numbness/tingling[nurseslabs.com] The expected change in serum bicarbonate is: Acute – [HCO3-] falls 1-2 mEq/L for each 10 mm Hg decrease in the PaCO 2 Chronic – [HCO3-] falls 4-5 mEq/L for each 10 mm Hg decrease[openanesthesia.org]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Correction of the anemia with erythropoietin and intravenous iron led to a marked improvement in patients' functional status and their cardiac function, and to a marked fall[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Uremia also causes polyneuropathy with paresthesia.[lecturio.com] Key terms End-stage renal disease (ESRD) — Total kidney failure; chronic kidney failure is diagnosed as ESRD when kidney function falls to 5-10% of capacity.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    A similar trend was observed in the fall and rise of postoperative calcium and magnesium values (p 0.41). Severe hypocalcemia was present in three patients (6 %).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At presentation, he had ataxia, paresthesia in the hands and feet, and abdominal cramping. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical presentation The symptoms of hypocalcemia generally reflect the degree of hypocalcemia and the acuteness of the fall in serum ionized calcium concentration.[epilepsy.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    A 25-year-old female patient presenting after a fall with muscle weakness in both legs was followed clinically and radiographically.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The earliest signs are weakness and muscle cramps and numbness and tingling that usually begin in the lower extremities.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Severe hypokalemia develops when serum K falls below 2.5 mEq/L.[dovepress.com]

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