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124 Possible Causes for Falling, Nocturnal Leg Cramp, Paresthesia

  • Hypoglycemia

    Seizures may occur as the glucose falls further.[] Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the central nervous system resulting in hunger; sweating; paresthesia; impaired mental function; seizures; coma[] Diabetics are more prone to hypoglycemia and are advised to carry such food items at all times in case of a falling blood sugar that needs urgent correction.[]

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    However, the role of gaming systems in fall risk reduction was not explored.[] Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a debilitating side effect of chemotherapy, which manifests as paresthesias, dysesthesias, and numbness in the hands and feet[] Patients present with pain, paresthesias, or weakness along a specific nerve distribution or experience generalized peripheral neuropathy.[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    We report a case of a 64-year-old alcoholic man who had a traumatic subdural haematoma after a fall from a height of about eight meters on level ground.[] People suffering from alcoholic neuropathy may feel burning and tingling sensations in their feet, which may persist or may last from a few months to a few years.[] Osteoporosis and falls leading to fractures of the hip are more common in alcoholic patients.[]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    The fall in cobalamin concentration runs in parallel with these abnormalities. The concentration of this vitamin was below normal levels in as much as 15.2% of cases.[] The most common of these are paresthesias, weakness, clumsiness, and an unsteady gait.[] If B12 levels fall too far, the result is lagging energy, depression, indigestion, diarrhea, and ultimately, anemia.[]

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

    Two common causes of pain or discomfort in legs are nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) and restless leg syndrome (RLS).[] This distraction may make it easier for you to fall asleep. Focusing on your breathing and using other relaxation techniques also may help you fall asleep.[] As reported by patients, paresthesia and/or dysesthesia may range in severity from slightly unpleasant to extremely agonizing.[]

  • Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

    Dependent variables included unipedal stance time (UST), step width variability and range on an uneven surface, and major fall-related injury over 12 months.[] It typically causes burning pain, paresthesias, and numbness in a stocking-glove pattern that progresses proximally from the feet and hands.[] Therapy is limited to anti-convulsant or anti-depressant drugs for neuropathic pain and paresthesia.[]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    It is postulated that the degree of hypoventilation encountered was a normal response and that a fall in intracellular hydrogen ion concentration was responsible for the hypoventilation[] Dry mouth Nausea/vomiting May exhibit: Abdominal distension (elevating diaphragm as with ascites, pregnancy) Vomiting NEUROSENSORY May report: Headache, tinnitus Numbness/tingling[] The expected change in serum bicarbonate is: Acute – [HCO3-] falls 1-2 mEq/L for each 10 mm Hg decrease in the PaCO 2 Chronic – [HCO3-] falls 4-5 mEq/L for each 10 mm Hg decrease[]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Correction of the anemia with erythropoietin and intravenous iron led to a marked improvement in patients' functional status and their cardiac function, and to a marked fall[] Uremia also causes polyneuropathy with paresthesia.[] Key terms End-stage renal disease (ESRD) — Total kidney failure; chronic kidney failure is diagnosed as ESRD when kidney function falls to 5-10% of capacity.[]

  • Hypocalcemia

    A similar trend was observed in the fall and rise of postoperative calcium and magnesium values (p 0.41). Severe hypocalcemia was present in three patients (6 %).[] At presentation, he had ataxia, paresthesia in the hands and feet, and abdominal cramping. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was unremarkable.[] Clinical presentation The symptoms of hypocalcemia generally reflect the degree of hypocalcemia and the acuteness of the fall in serum ionized calcium concentration.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    A 25-year-old female patient presenting after a fall with muscle weakness in both legs was followed clinically and radiographically.[] The earliest signs are weakness and muscle cramps and numbness and tingling that usually begin in the lower extremities.[] Severe hypokalemia develops when serum K falls below 2.5 mEq/L.[]

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