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129 Possible Causes for Fetus Small for Gestational Age

  • Placental Disorder

    Raio L, Ghezzi F et al (1999) Prenatal diagnosis of a lean umbilical cord: A simple marker for the fetus at risk of being small for gestational age at birth.[]

  • Fetal Hypoxia

    Small for Gestational Age Environmental Infection/ Inflammation Genetic Endocrine MaternalNutritionalPlacental Unknown 14.[] Ultrasonic recognition of the small-for-gestational-age fetus. Obstet Gynecol. 1987;69:631–5. 13. Rutherford SE, Phelan JP, Smith CV, Jacobs N.[] The Supply Line to the Human Fetus PlacentaCuningham FG, MacDonald PC, Leveno K, Gant NF, Gilstrap LC II Williams Obstetrics 1993 13.[]

  • Bloom Syndrome

    Bloom syndrome is a very rare autosomal recessive genetic disease that stems from mutations in genes responsible for DNA repair. Predisposition to various malignancies (mainly of the hematopoietic system, the gastrointestinal tract, the skin, and the genitourinary tract), photosensitivity, frequent infections of the[…][]

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    CONTEXT: Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS), characterized by intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, dysmorphic features, and frequent body asymmetry, spares cranial growth. Maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 7 (mUPD7) is found in 5-10% of cases. We identified loss of methylation (LOM) of 11p15[…][]

  • Chromosome 19q13.11 Deletion Syndrome

    Prenatal ultrasound examination was performed at the 27 th week of gestation because the fetus was small for gestational age.[] The biparietal distance of the fetus was 55 mm (50 th percentile for 23 weeks), head circumference 210 mm (50 th percentile for 23 weeks), and femur length 45 mm (50 th percentile[]

  • Seckel Syndrome

    Seckel syndrome is a very rare form of primordial dwarfism characterized by antenatal and postnatal growth delay, proportionate extreme short stature, a prominent beak-like nose, hypoplasia of the malar area, small chin, microcephaly, deformed ears lacking lobules, skeletal malformations, mental retardation, and[…][]

  • Kenny-Caffey Syndrome Type 1

    Abstract Kenny-Caffey Syndrome is a rare syndrome characterized by growth retardation, uniformly small slender long bones with medullary stenosis, thickened cortex of the long bones, hypocalcemia possibly with tetany at an early age, hyperphosphatemia, ocular abnormalities, and normal intelligence. We report a child[…][]

  • Congenital Malformation

    Abstract Present methods of prenatal diagnosis are not applicable until at least 16 weeks of gestation. Most abortions for suspected congenital abnormality are therefore usually done in the second trimester of pregnancy. Abortions at over 20 weeks of gestation account for about 0.8% of all abortions for[…][]

  • Hypertension

    [small for gestational age, premature birth]); and 4) severe hypertension, often in the setting of preeclampsia, requiring urgent treatment to prevent HF, stroke, and adverse[] […] hypertension; 3) preeclampsia (a dangerous form of hypertension with proteinuria that has the potential to result in serious adverse consequences for the mother [stroke, HF] and fetus[]

  • Donohue Syndrome

    Donohue syndrome (leprechaunism; OMIM *246200) is a rare, recessively inherited disorder of extreme insulin resistance due to mutations in the insulin receptor gene (INSR) causing either defects in insulin binding or receptor autophosphorylation and tyrosine kinase activity. We report a patient with pronounced[…][]

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