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763 Possible Causes for Fever, Hypernatremia

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[omicsonline.org] This disease is characterized by vomiting and/or diarrhea with blood or mucus, discomfort, fever, and nonspecific abdominal pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It has been suggested that high fever is generally caused by bacteria, while mild fever indicates viral gastroenteritis.[symptoma.com]

  • Dehydration

    We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fever, presumably secondary to dehydration, is an useful early warning sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These findings are compatible with previously described CNS pathologic findings in hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[pharmacytimes.com] A 63-year-old woman who had hypopituitarism was re-admitted to our hospital because of fever, diarrhea and disturbance of consciousness with life-threatening arrhythmia due[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CBG concentration and affinity are affected by a number of common factors including oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), fever and infection, as well as rare mutations in the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    The patient was found to have profound hypernatremia and severe hypercalcemia with normal parathyroid and vitamin D serum levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Transient insertion of a urethral catheter helped to relieve fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Investigations revealed persistent hypernatremia and deranged renal functions. Diagnostic work-up was suggestive of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    Electrolyte abnormalities: hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypo and hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Fever is one of the main symptoms of this syndrome and it's elevation is due to the activation of the immune system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Concurrent medications were reviewed and ruled out for possible drug-induced fever. Haloperidol was discontinued and dantrolene and bromocriptine was initiated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lithium Toxicity

    Care must be taken to avoid hypernatremia in patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus as toxicity will worsen.[pharmacyjoe.com] […] taking lithium should contact a health care provider without delay if they experience unresolved diarrhea, sudden changes in weight, muscular tremors or lack of coordination, fever[dmentdcinema.com] . • Avoid onset of hypernatremia. • Hemodialysis  In general, consider dialysis in patients with chronic toxicity and serum lithium concentrations higher than 4mEq/L; also[slideshare.net]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] with type 2 diabetes , higher mortality than DKA Clinical Presentation – extreme hyperglycemia ( 500 mg/dl) also hyperosmolality ( 350 mOsm/L), elevated BUN , sometimes hypernatremia[d3jonline.tripod.com] The exam may show that you have: Extreme dehydration Fever higher than 100.4 F (38 C) Increased heart rate Low systolic blood pressure Test that may be done include: Blood[mountsinai.org] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    Six months after surgery, she showed signs of hypertension recurrence accompanied by hypokalemia (serum potassium: 2.9 mEq/l) and hypernatremia (serum sodium: 150 mEq/l).[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] […] required for cortisol synthesis Hormonally inactive ACCs usually present with gastrointestinal symptoms or back pain caused by mass effect Highly necrotic tumors may cause fever[pathologyoutlines.com] […] type 1 (MEN1) SBLA syndrome Most patients with nonfunctioning tumors present with clinical manifestations related to tumor growth (abdominal or flank pain), weight loss, fever[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Argentinian Hemorrhagic Fever

    […] hyperglycemia hyponatremia hypokalemia 6. fever (n.) intense nervous anticipation Synonyms: expectancy anticipation buck fever gold fever Antonyms: hypothermia hypocalcemia hypernatremia[synonym.com] See also Arenavirus, Bolivian hemorrhagic fever, Lassa fever .[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Argentine hemorrhagic fever is caused by the Junin virus and is endemic (continuously present) in Argentina.[diseaseinfosearch.org]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    PubMed Google Scholar Adrogue HJ, Madias NE: Hypernatremia. N Engl J Med 2000, 342: 1493-1499.[ccforum.biomedcentral.com] She presented with acute deterioration of consciousness and fever and was diagnosed with HSE based on the detection of herpes simplex virus-1 in the cerebrospinal fluid by[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 53-year-old woman was admitted due to akinetic mutism and fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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