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552 Possible Causes for Fever, Hypernatremia

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[omicsonline.org] It has been suggested that high fever is generally caused by bacteria, while mild fever indicates viral gastroenteritis.[symptoma.com] Patients with Salmonella infection frequently presented with fever, lethargy, bloody stool, and elevated serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP); norovirus and rotavirus infection[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dehydration

    We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fever, presumably secondary to dehydration, is an useful early warning sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These findings are compatible with previously described CNS pathologic findings in hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    Other atypical presenting symptoms may include chronic cough and fever of unknown origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Topcuoglu, Banu Anlar, Yelda Bilginer, Mustafa Arici, Engin Yilmaz, Sedat Kiraz, Meral Calguneri and Rana Karabudak, Familial Mediterranean Fever and Central Nervous System[doi.org] He was also started on antibiotic treatment for a possible community-acquired pneumonia because of the presence of a low-grade fever and a chest radiograph showing ill-defined[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    This is a very infrequently reported complication of dengue hemorrhagic fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical features of HFRS are hemorrhage, fever, thrombocytopenia and acute renal insufficiency frequently observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-month-old girl presented with intermittent epigastralgia for approximately 10 days and fever for three days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org] Abstract Five patients receiving penicillin V potassium or a cephalosporin antibiotic for 18 hours to 22 days developed fever, marked leukocytosis, and signs and symptoms[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had symptoms of fever and chilling sensation, general myalgia, and vomiting during three days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    We report the case of a 56-year-old man with recently diagnosed HIV infection who presented with subacute mental status changes, fever, and temporal lobe abnormalities evident[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A 60-year-old woman presented with a high fever (39 C or higher).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She presented with acute deterioration of consciousness and fever and was diagnosed with HSE based on the detection of herpes simplex virus-1 in the cerebrospinal fluid by[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] prevent recurrence complications of treatment – most common is hypoglycemia following insulin administration ("insulin shock") excessive administration of fluid can lead to hypernatremia[d3jonline.tripod.com] The features include hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma complicated by a malignant hyperthermia-like picture with fever, rhabdomyolysis, and severe cardiovascular instability[pediatrics.aappublications.org] If you have diabetes and develop a fever , contact your health care practitioner. If you feel sick, check your urinary ketone levels with home test strips.[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    Electrolyte abnormalities: hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypo and hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Fever is one of the main symptoms of this syndrome and it's elevation is due to the activation of the immune system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms include high fever, sweating, unstable blood pressure, stupor, muscular rigidity, and autonomic dysfunction.[ninds.nih.gov]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    The patient was found to have profound hypernatremia and severe hypercalcemia with normal parathyroid and vitamin D serum levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Transient insertion of a urethral catheter helped to relieve fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Investigations revealed persistent hypernatremia and deranged renal functions. Diagnostic work-up was suggestive of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heat Stroke

    Abstract A 14-month-old female with familial dysautonomia was referred to the pediatric department with high fever (41.6 degrees C), watery diarrhea, and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fever has been related to polymorphic ventricular tachycardia particularly in children; nevertheless, prevalence is higher within males in their fourth to fifth decade.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the identification of risk factors that predispose to heat stroke, the role of endotoxin and cytokines in mediation of multi-organ damage, the incidence of hypothermia and fever[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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