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763 Possible Causes for Fever, Hypernatremia

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[] This disease is characterized by vomiting and/or diarrhea with blood or mucus, discomfort, fever, and nonspecific abdominal pain.[] It has been suggested that high fever is generally caused by bacteria, while mild fever indicates viral gastroenteritis.[]

  • Dehydration

    We present the case of a full-term newborn who was fed solely breast milk and developed severe dehydration and hypernatremia.[] Fever, presumably secondary to dehydration, is an useful early warning sign.[] These findings are compatible with previously described CNS pathologic findings in hypernatremia.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[] A 63-year-old woman who had hypopituitarism was re-admitted to our hospital because of fever, diarrhea and disturbance of consciousness with life-threatening arrhythmia due[] CBG concentration and affinity are affected by a number of common factors including oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), fever and infection, as well as rare mutations in the[]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    The patient was found to have profound hypernatremia and severe hypercalcemia with normal parathyroid and vitamin D serum levels.[] Transient insertion of a urethral catheter helped to relieve fever.[] Investigations revealed persistent hypernatremia and deranged renal functions. Diagnostic work-up was suggestive of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI).[]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    Electrolyte abnormalities: hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypo and hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis.[] Fever is one of the main symptoms of this syndrome and it's elevation is due to the activation of the immune system.[] Concurrent medications were reviewed and ruled out for possible drug-induced fever. Haloperidol was discontinued and dantrolene and bromocriptine was initiated.[]

  • Lithium Toxicity

    Care must be taken to avoid hypernatremia in patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus as toxicity will worsen.[] […] taking lithium should contact a health care provider without delay if they experience unresolved diarrhea, sudden changes in weight, muscular tremors or lack of coordination, fever[] . • Avoid onset of hypernatremia. • Hemodialysis  In general, consider dialysis in patients with chronic toxicity and serum lithium concentrations higher than 4mEq/L; also[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] with type 2 diabetes , higher mortality than DKA Clinical Presentation – extreme hyperglycemia ( 500 mg/dl) also hyperosmolality ( 350 mOsm/L), elevated BUN , sometimes hypernatremia[] The exam may show that you have: Extreme dehydration Fever higher than 100.4 F (38 C) Increased heart rate Low systolic blood pressure Test that may be done include: Blood[] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    Six months after surgery, she showed signs of hypertension recurrence accompanied by hypokalemia (serum potassium: 2.9 mEq/l) and hypernatremia (serum sodium: 150 mEq/l).[] […] required for cortisol synthesis Hormonally inactive ACCs usually present with gastrointestinal symptoms or back pain caused by mass effect Highly necrotic tumors may cause fever[] […] type 1 (MEN1) SBLA syndrome Most patients with nonfunctioning tumors present with clinical manifestations related to tumor growth (abdominal or flank pain), weight loss, fever[]

  • Argentinian Hemorrhagic Fever

    […] hyperglycemia hyponatremia hypokalemia 6. fever (n.) intense nervous anticipation Synonyms: expectancy anticipation buck fever gold fever Antonyms: hypothermia hypocalcemia hypernatremia[] See also Arenavirus, Bolivian hemorrhagic fever, Lassa fever .[] Argentine hemorrhagic fever is caused by the Junin virus and is endemic (continuously present) in Argentina.[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    PubMed Google Scholar Adrogue HJ, Madias NE: Hypernatremia. N Engl J Med 2000, 342: 1493-1499.[] She presented with acute deterioration of consciousness and fever and was diagnosed with HSE based on the detection of herpes simplex virus-1 in the cerebrospinal fluid by[] A 53-year-old woman was admitted due to akinetic mutism and fever.[]

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