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346 Possible Causes for Fixed Pupils

  • Brain Death

    A 28-year-old man was admitted following a road traffic accident with a Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) of 3/15 and fixed pupils.[] Reflexes include pupillary response (fixed pupils), oculocephalic reflex, corneal reflex, no response to the caloric reflex test, and no spontaneous respirations.[] On day three his Glasgow Coma Scale score was 3/15, with fixed dilated pupils.[]

  • Ventricular Fibrillation

    BMC Res Notes. 2014 Nov 4;7:782. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-782. Author information 1 Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, 409 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R2H 2A6, Canada. Abstract BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation[…][]

  • Mydriasis

    CASE: A 35-year-old female doctor presented to eye casualty with blurred vision and bilateral, fixed, dilated pupils.[] pupil Fixed dilatation of pupil Mydriasis Mydriasis innervational defect Mydriasis not due to mydriatics Mydriasis, not due to mydriatics Persistent mydriasis Traumatic mydriasis[] Home CCC Fixed dilated pupil DDx by, last update March 28, 2019 Overview Suspect herniation due to an intracranial mass lesion as a cause of fixed dilated pupil in an unconscious[]

  • Berry Aneurysm

    Immediately after reduction of the cerebrospinal fluid volume, arterial hypertension was noticed—the right pupil was mydriatic and fixed.[]

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    . - ipsilateral fixed and dil… - bilateral pinpoint pupils... - bilateral Babinski's... - *bila… - compress ACA... -- contralateral lower extremity motor/sensory… brain herniation[] Hyperventilation or Cheyne-Stokes Absent (eyes fixed) Decerebrate posturing, or nothing Lower pons and medilla Both pupils fixed and unreactive Apnoea Absent (eyes fixed)[] At this point, the left pupil became fixed. An ICP bolt was inserted (opening pressure 50 mm Hg; Figure ).[]

  • Botulism

    Less than 50% of patients have dilated or fixed pupils. Neurological deficits are symmetrical, and heart rate is normal.[] Therefore, the classical diagnostic pentad of botulism (dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, dysphagia, diplopia, fixed dilated pupils) may be of limited sensitivity in single cases[] pupils Extremely dry mouth unrelieved by drinking fluids Generally, botulism progresses as follows: Preceding or following the onset of paralysis are nonspecific findings[]

  • Multisystemic Smooth Muscle Dysfunction Syndrome

    Congenital fixed dilated pupils (congenital mydriasis) is characterized by hypoplasia or aplasia of the iris muscles, with absence of iris between the collarette and pupillary[] Home Catalog Congenital fixed dilated pupils due to ACTA2-mu... article Congenital fixed dilated pupils due to ACTA2-multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome Françoise[] Congenital fixed dilated pupils due to ACTA2- multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome.[]

  • Aniridia-Cerebellar Ataxia-Intellectual Disability Syndrome

    The combination of muscular hypotonia and fixed dilated pupils in infancy is suspicious of Gillespie syndrome.[] The typical presentation is based on fixed dilated pupils in a hypotonic child. Iris abnormalities distinguish GS from other forms of aniridia.[] The typical presentation is the discovery of fixed dilated pupils in a hypotonic infant. The iris abnormality is specific and seems pathognomonic of Gillespie syndrome.[]

  • Hyperventilation

    Only if active seizures, or signs of transtentorial herniation such as fixed or asymmetric pupils, neurologic posturing (decerebrate or decorticate), Cushing's reflex (hypertension[]

  • Sinusitis

    In addition, the pupil may be fixed and dilated. Although symptoms usually begin on one side of the head, the process usually spreads to both sides. Brain Infection.[]

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