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42 Possible Causes for Flaccid Paralysis, Lower and Upper Limbs Affected, Myoclonic Jerking

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    A characteristic finding is albuminocytological dissociation in the cerebrospinal fluid, and the clinical presentation is typically an ascending flaccid paralysis with loss[] Approximately 2/3 of patients with ALS show the spinal form of the disease (limb injuries) characterised by weakness and muscular loss in lower and upper limbs.[] […] in children, called acute flaccid myelitis.[]

  • Enterovirus Infection

    The incidence of acute flaccid paralysis has been on a declining trend with the global efforts on eradication of polio virus.[] Among these patients, 140 (21.1%) had EV71 isolated, and 150 (22.6%) had myoclonic jerk.[] lower limbs.[]

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

    […] in children, called acute flaccid myelitis.[] Complying with an irresistible urge to move the affected limbs brings temporary relief. Sleep may become disrupted, resulting in excessive daytime hypersomnolence.[] A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.[]

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Flaccid paralysis Scoliosis Bed sores: Long term paraplegia may lead to pressure sores Respiratory failure Death Spinal muscular atrophy is transmitted via an autosomal-recessive[] Here we report an adolescent female who presented with atonic and absence seizures and myoclonic jerks and was later diagnosed as having myoclonic-absence seizures.[] The lower limbs usually are affected sooner and more profoundly than are the upper limbs.[]

  • Enteroviruses

    Incidence of acute flaccid paralysis due the virus decreased 99% between 1998 and 2003.[] Signs of complicated EV71 infections include the following: Myoclonic jerks, particularly in sleep Urinary retention Ataxia, weakness, or any focal neurological signs Hypertension[] […] muscles involved more than distal muscles and the lower extremities affected more commonly than the upper extremities See Clinical Presentation for more detail.[]

  • Pyramidal Tract Disorder

    Subacute necrotizing encephalopathy, also called Leigh disease, is a lethal disorder of infancy marked by psychomotor delay, myoclonic jerks, paralyses of eye movements, and[] Bilateral Corticospinal disfx spasticity, hyperreflexia, Babinski Anterior Horn Cell Syndrome FDR, LMN Disorder Weakness, flaccid paralysis, atrophy, and fasciculations, reduced[] Both upper and lower motor neurons are affected, with decreased motor strength and wasting of the muscles of the face, limbs, and diaphragm.[]

  • Juvenile Paralysis Agitans of Hunt

    paralysis of the voluntary muscles. periodic paralysis 1. any of various diseases characterized by episodic flaccid paralysis or muscular weakness. progressive bulbar paralysis[] Hyperkinesias come in many forms, ranging from tremor to chorea to muscle fasciculations to myoclonic jerks.[] affecting right nondominant side G83.14 Monoplegia of lower limb affecting left nondominant side G83.2 Monoplegia of upper limb Paralysis of upper limb Excludes1: monoplegia[]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    In most affected individuals myoclonic jerks are dramatically but transiently ameliorated by intake of alcohol.[] Botulinum toxin B (Myobloc) is a sterile liquid formulation of purified neurotoxin that acts at neuromuscular junctions to produce flaccid paralysis by inhibiting acetylcholine[] DYT11 (Myoclonus-Dystonia) Associated with SGCE Gene Mutations As the name suggests, myoclonus-dystonia is characterized by the combination of dystonia and myoclonic jerks[]

  • Medial Sclerosis

    Myoclonic seizure This type of seizure causes quick movements or sudden jerking of a group of muscles. These seizures tend to occur in clusters.[] Although the most common presentation is with an ascending paralysis, rarely, it can begin by affecting cranial muscles.[] Imaging Affected medium-sized arteries in the upper and lower limbs have linear low power H&E stained cross section of artery with medial calcific sclerosis calcifications[]

  • Infantile Hemiplegia

    jerks.[] [Hopkins’ syndrome in the differential diagnosis of flaccid paralysis in children: clinical and neurophysiological features. Case report].[] upper and lower limbs because of absence of dominant influence affected by pyramidal pathway on conditioned reflex arcs.[]

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