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3,613 Possible Causes for Flail Chest, Mild Rib Sclerosis, Short Extremities

  • Rib Fracture

    Operative chest wall stabilization in flail chest--outcomes of patients with or without pulmonary contusion. J Am Coll Surg 1998 ;187:130–138.[doi.org] Secondly, acquired fractures can show bone sclerosis in the rib adjacent to the defect and ineffective callus formation.[bjsm.bmj.com] […] stature and bowing of the extremities.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta

    Increasing attention has been directed towards operative rib fixation of traumatic flail chest; reported benefits include more rapid weaning from the ventilator, decreased[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] Abstract Osteogenesis imperfecta is a congenital disorder resulting in multiple fractures and extremely short stature, usually necessitating cesarean delivery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumothorax

    Resting during this time of healing is extremely important.[thelamfoundation.org] […] but the flail chest dominates the assessment and treatment of that dreaded condition.[en.wikiversity.org] Recent findings Age and Injury Severity Score were risk factors for pneumonia and mortality in patients with rib fractures or flail chest.[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Mild Rib Sclerosis
  • Multiple Injuries

    The general outcome (Short-Form 12) was as follows: grade I, 9%; grade II, 25%; grade III, 29%; grade IV, 25%; grade V, 6%; and grade VI, 6%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Shackford S, Zarins C, Rice CL, Virigilio RW (1976) The management of flail chest: A comparison of ventilatory and nonventilatory treatment.[link.springer.com] The outcome of the injured extremity demonstrated moderate or severe restrictions according to the Musculoskeletal Function Assessment in 41% of injuries of the lower extremity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Rib Sclerosis
  • Shwachman Syndrome

    There is mild platyspondyly and generalised shortening of ribs and long bones.[bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com] Clinical findings were lamellar ichthyosiform desquamation on the extremities. The hair was scanty and short on the scalp, in the eyelashes, and in the eyebrows.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Plain film Skeletal features: shortened extremities cup deformity of ribs Ultrasound Hyperechoic pancreas due to extreme pancreatic lipomatosis, usually with preservation[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: Flail Chest
  • Pseudoachondroplasia

    He has a normal craniofacial appearance but a disproportionate body with normal trunk and short extremities with height below the 3rd percentile.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] Height is normal at birth but then goes into the less than fifth percentile by age 2 Short extremities Misalignment of the lower extremities with bowing on one side and knock[hopkinsmedicine.org]

    Missing: Flail Chest
  • Achondroplasia

    Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org] […] of short extremities, a large head, and trident-shaped hands. • Achondroplasia is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptor[medlink.com] The baby with achondroplasia has a relatively long, narrow torso (trunk) with short extremities (arms and legs) and a disproportionate shortening of the proximal (near the[medicinenet.com]

    Missing: Flail Chest
  • Skeletal Dysplasia

    The phenotype is characterized by brachycephaly, flat face, hypertelorism, low-set ears, hypertrichosis, hypoplastic thorax, as well as short extremities with brachydactyly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Death usually results from pulmonary insufficiency related to the small thorax, rib fractures, or flail chest because of lack of stable ribs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spine radiograph lateral view (b) demonstrating mild platyspondyly and expansion of anterolateral parts of the ribs with “club-shaped” configuration (arrows).[doi.org]

  • Schmid Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia

    Radiography usually shows sclerosis of the ribs, flaring of the metaphyses, and a wide irregular growth plate, especially of the knees.[genecards.org] Bowing of the extremities, mild short stature and a waddling gait are evident at a young age.[ctgt.net] , leg pains, bowed legs, increased lordosis, and waddling gait; - upper extremity: - mild wrist swelling; - flexion contractures of the elbows ; - lower extremities - more[wheelessonline.com]

    Missing: Flail Chest
  • Hemothorax

    […] tube - May receive thoracotomy: 1500 cc total blood volume 200 cc/hr continued drainage Flail Chest - Free-floating segment of chest wall due to 4 rib fractures, each at[fprmed.com] Anxiety and extreme restlessness. Symptoms of shock such as a rapid heart rate, low blood pressure, pale, cold extremities, and weakness.[verywell.com] Medical treatment is required if there is severe chest pain, extreme difficulty in breathing, or any of the above symptoms of a hemothorax.[injuryinformation.com]

    Missing: Mild Rib Sclerosis