Question

    15 Possible Causes for Flame shaped Hemorrhage in USA

    • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
      Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
    • Hypertensive Retinopathy
      Flame-shaped Hemorrhage

      Funduscopic examination shows arteriolar constriction, arteriovenous nicking, vascular wall changes, flame-shaped hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots, yellow hard exudates, and … If acute disease is severe, the following can develop: Superficial flame-shaped hemorrhages Small, white, superficial foci of retinal ischemia (cotton-wool spots) Yellow hard … Hypertensive crisis can cause retinopathy with superficial flame-shaped hemorrhages; small, white, superficial foci of retinal ischemia (cotton-wool spots); yellow hard exudates[1]

    • Malignant Hypertension
      Flame-shaped Hemorrhage

      Retinal exam shows hemorrhagic swelling of both optic nerves, peripapillary flame-shaped hemorrhages OU, peripapillary cotton wool spots OD, retinal hemorrhages temporal to … This process is called fibrinous necrosis Retinal hemorrhages (Figure 1-3) develop when necrotic vessels bleed into either the nerve fiber layer (flame shaped hemorrhage) … […] the diagnosis malignant hypertension was verified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria of 1978: high blood pressure together with bilateral linear or flame-shaped[2] [3] [4]

    • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy
      Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
    • Pheochromocytoma
      Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
    • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
      Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
    • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

      Note the flame-shaped hemorrhages, soft exudates, and early disc blurring. … Fundoscopic appearance of grade IV hypertensive retinopathy, with papilloedema (1), arteriovenous nipping (2), flame-shaped hemorrhages (3), and soft (4) and hard (5) exudates[5] [6]

    • Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

      Roth spots are retinal, flame-shaped hemorrhages in the eye that you can see on fundoscopic examination.[7]

    • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

      If a superficial capillary ruptures, a flame-shaped hemorrhage appears.[8]

    • Retinopathy

      There will be flame-shaped hemorrhages and macular swelling ( edema ). … Certain retinopathies have classic signs (for example, peculiar fan shapes in sickle cell, dot and blot hemorrhages in diabetes, flame-shaped hemorrhages in high blood pressure … […] similar to microaneurysms if they are small; they occur as microaneurysms rupture in the deeper layers of the retina, such as the inner nuclear and outer plexiform layers Flame-shaped[9] [10]

    Further symptoms

    Similar symptoms

    References

    1. Hypertensive Retinopathy - Eye Disorders, http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/eye-di…
    2. BILATERAL NON-ARTERITIC ANTERIOR ISCHEMIC OPTIC NEUROPATHY SECONDARY TO MALIGNANT HYPERTENSION, http://www.aaopt.org/bilateral-non-arteritic-an…
    3. Microangiopathic Hemolysis and Renal Failure in Malignant Hypertension, http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/45/2/246.full
    4. Hypertensive retinopathy - EyeWiki, http://eyewiki.aao.org/Hypertensive_retinopathy
    5. Hypertensive Encephalopathy Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination, Complications, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/166129-clinical
    6. Hypertensive Brainstem Encephalopathy | Circulation, http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/115/9/e310.full
    7. How to Evaluate Endocarditis for the Physician Assistant Exam, http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-ev…
    8. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/117853-cl…
    9. Retinopathy facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Retinopathy, http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Retinopathy.aspx
    10. Diabetic Retinopathy: Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Etiology, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1225122-overview