15 Possible Causes for Flame shaped Hemorrhage in USA

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy
    Flame-shaped Hemorrhage

    Funduscopic examination shows arteriolar constriction, arteriovenous nicking, vascular wall changes, flame-shaped hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots, yellow hard exudates, and … If acute disease is severe, the following can develop: Superficial flame-shaped hemorrhages Small, white, superficial foci of retinal ischemia (cotton-wool spots) Yellow hard … Hypertensive crisis can cause retinopathy with superficial flame-shaped hemorrhages; small, white, superficial foci of retinal ischemia (cotton-wool spots); yellow hard exudates[1]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
    Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy
    Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
  • Malignant Hypertension
    Flame-shaped Hemorrhage

    Retinal exam shows hemorrhagic swelling of both optic nerves, peripapillary flame-shaped hemorrhages OU, peripapillary cotton wool spots OD, retinal hemorrhages temporal to … This process is called fibrinous necrosis Retinal hemorrhages (Figure 1-3) develop when necrotic vessels bleed into either the nerve fiber layer (flame shaped hemorrhage) … the diagnosis malignant hypertension was verified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria of 1978: high blood pressure together with bilateral linear or flame-shaped[2] [3] [4]

  • Pheochromocytoma
    Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
    Flame-shaped Hemorrhage
  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    Note the flame-shaped hemorrhages, soft exudates, and early disc blurring. … Fundoscopic appearance of grade IV hypertensive retinopathy, with papilloedema (1), arteriovenous nipping (2), flame-shaped hemorrhages (3), and soft (4) and hard (5) exudates[5] [6]

  • Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

    Roth spots are retinal, flame-shaped hemorrhages in the eye that you can see on fundoscopic examination.[7]

  • Retinopathy

    There will be flame-shaped hemorrhages and macular swelling ( edema ). … Certain retinopathies have classic signs (for example, peculiar fan shapes in sickle cell, dot and blot hemorrhages in diabetes, flame-shaped hemorrhages in high blood pressure … similar to microaneurysms if they are small; they occur as microaneurysms rupture in the deeper layers of the retina, such as the inner nuclear and outer plexiform layers Flame-shaped[8] [9]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    If a superficial capillary ruptures, a flame-shaped hemorrhage appears.[10]

Similar symptoms


  1. Hypertensive Retinopathy - Eye Disorders, http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/eye-di…
  2. Hypertensive retinopathy - EyeWiki, http://eyewiki.aao.org/Hypertensive_retinopathy
  4. Microangiopathic Hemolysis and Renal Failure in Malignant Hypertension, http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/45/2/246.full
  5. Hypertensive Brainstem Encephalopathy | Circulation, http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/115/9/e310.full
  6. Hypertensive Encephalopathy Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination, Complications, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/166129-clinical
  7. How to Evaluate Endocarditis for the Physician Assistant Exam, http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-ev…
  8. Diabetic Retinopathy: Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Etiology, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1225122-overview
  9. Retinopathy facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Retinopathy, http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Retinopathy.aspx
  10. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/117853-cl…