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19 Possible Causes for Flattening of the Pons

  • Muscle-Eye-Brain Disease Type A2

    […] of the pons, and brainstem plus eye abnormalities. 7 CMD can be seen with or without cerebellar abnormalities such as cysts or hypoplasia/dysplasia with or without mental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] development. 7 As depicted in this case report, MEB/Fukuyama CMD is found usually with preferential frontaparietal pachygyria, polymicrogyria, cerebellar hypoplasia/dysplasia, flattening[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Recessive Frontotemporal Pachygyria

    […] of the pons and brain stem. 6 However, cerebellar hypoplasia/atrophy, Dandy–Walker malformations, and global cerebral atrophy are more commonly associated with the N-linked[nature.com] […] the corpus callosum, while the neuroradiological features of MEB are less severe, and may involve fronto-parietal pachygyria, polymicrogyria, cerebellar hypoplasia, and flattening[nature.com]

  • Cerebellar Ataxia

    Flattening of the pons is less severe as compared to patient 1 (a), whereas the degree of cerebellar atrophy is relatively similar (b–e).[doi.org] (a): sagittal image showing a flattening of the pons (arrow), atrophy of the upper vermis (arrowhead) and a thin spinal cord in upper cervical segments; (b–d): axial sections[doi.org]

  • Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation Type 1B

    pons cerebral hemispheres unremarkable general autopsy shows enlarged liver and kidneys Histopathology gliotic cerebellar cortex with prominent loss of Purkinje and granular[emilytam.com] - no major neurological involvement, protein losing enteropathy, hepatic fibrosis, hypoglycemia Macroscopy type Ia shows shrunken cerebellum with firm, prominent foliae flattened[emilytam.com]

  • Classic Multiminicore Myopathy

    Hindbrain malformations can include atrophy of the cerebellar vermis and hemispheres and flattening of the pons and brain stem [ Muntoni & Voit 2004 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Congenital Palsy of Trochlear Nerve

    The medulla appeared abnormally butterfly-like, with anterior flattening and an unusual midline cleft.[cags.org.ae] Abnormal flattening of the basis pontis and hypoplasia in the pontine tegmentum were evident on sagittal sections.[cags.org.ae] The structural alterations in caudal pons suggested potential involvement of the abducens nuclei, the medial longitudinal fasciculus, and the pontine paramedian reticular[cags.org.ae]

  • Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation Type 9

    The pons is small ( arrowhead ).[ajnr.org] -weighted image ( A ), performed 20 years ago on a 0.5T MR unit, shows markedly small cerebellar vermis, with larger fissures superiorly ( thick arrows ) compared with a flattened[ajnr.org]

  • Carbohydrate Deficient Glycoprotein Syndrome Type 1Y

    The pons is small ( arrowhead ).[ajnr.org] -weighted image ( A ), performed 20 years ago on a 0.5T MR unit, shows markedly small cerebellar vermis, with larger fissures superiorly ( thick arrows ) compared with a flattened[ajnr.org]

  • Horizontal Gaze Palsy with Progressive Scoliosis

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) typically demonstrates anterior and posterior midline clefts with a flattened medulla with a butterfly-like bifid appearance, a flattened[journals.lww.com] […] pontine tegmentum, markedly reduced facial colliculi and a reduced diameter of both the pons and medulla ( 4 ).[journals.lww.com]

  • Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation Type 1o

    The pons is small ( arrowhead ).[ajnr.org] -weighted image ( A ), performed 20 years ago on a 0.5T MR unit, shows markedly small cerebellar vermis, with larger fissures superiorly ( thick arrows ) compared with a flattened[ajnr.org]

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