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69 Possible Causes for Flexion Contractures of Proximal Interphalangeal Joints

  • Hammer Toe

    (downward) contracture of the middle toe joint (the proximal interphalangeal joint), most often due to an imbalance in the muscles of the toes or feet or wearing shoes that[] On examination, she has a rigid flexion contracture of the second proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint, with neutral position of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint.[] In general, a hammer toe is a flexion (bending) contracture of one or both joints of the second through fifth toes.[]

  • Ectrodactyly

    Abstract Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting (EEC) syndrome is characterized by ectodermal dysplasia, ectrodactyly and facial clefting with multiple congenital anomalies such as urinary tract anomaly, lacrimal duct obstruction, and hearing loss. This syndrome is a rare disease transmitted by autosomal dominant[…][]

  • Dupuytren Contracture

    Average preoperative metacarpophalangeal joint flexion contracture was 30 degrees, and proximal interphalangeal joint flexion contracture was 42 degrees.[] […] of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP), the mean flexion contracture of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP), the number of involved hands, fingers or joints, and the AMA impairment[] The patient had a severe contracture of 100 degrees at the proximal interphalangeal joint of the right small finger and thickened palmar fascia with multiple cords ending[]

  • Joint Contracture

    Abstract Various splints are available for the correction of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint flexion contracture in patients with hand injuries.[] Central slip attenuation in Dupuytren's contracture: a cause of persistent flexion of the proximal interphalangeal joint.[] Arrow denotes the cord often present in Dupuytren contracture. Metacarpophalangeal joint and proximal interphalangeal joint contractures are also present.[]

  • Malunited Fracture

    This deformity makes using the hand awkward and can result in a fixed flexion contracture of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint.[] In adults with proximal phalangeal fractures, volar angulation exceeding 25-30 may result in pseudoclawing.[]

  • Lens Dislocation

    contractures, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint thickening, clinical corneal guttae, and glaucoma.[] Pedigree analysis revealed a three generation family with eight of eleven individuals affected by early onset lens dislocation, high myopia, typical facies, frontal bossing, flexion[]

  • Arthrogryposis Syndrome

    […] of proximal interphalangeal joints, metatarsus varus, talipes equinovarus (one third of patients), hypoplastic calf muscles, and motor developmental delay.[] , elbow and knee contractures (very frequent), subluxation of the patella, arachnodactyly, camptodactyly, ulnar deviation of fingers, adducted thumbs, flexion contractures[] […] defect, ventricular septal defect, bicuspid aortic valve, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic root dilatation, pectus carinatum, osteopenia, congenital kyphoscoliosis, hip contractures[]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    The proximal interphalangeal joints also have flexion contractures (i.e., camptodactyly), as do the toes. Hip contractures, adducted thumbs, and clubfoot may occur.[] Most affected individuals have "crumpled" ears, with a folded upper helix, and most have contractures of knees and ankles at birth that usually improve with time.[] Most affected individuals have "crumpled" ears that present as a folded upper helix of the external ear and most have contractures of major joints (knees and ankles) at birth[]

  • Tenosynovitis of Fingers

    The presence of a pre-existing flexion contracture of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint can be difficult to correct with surgical release and postoperatively extension[] Severe pre-existing PIP flexion contractures may persist even after appropriate surgical release and splinting.[] Severe pre-existing PIP flexion contractures may persist even after appropriate surgical release and splinting. References Adams JE, Habbu R.[]

  • Electrical Injury

    interphalangeal joints to minimize the space available for edema formation. (93) During the first several days of hospitalization frequent monitoring of the neurovascular[] The hand should be splinted in 35 to 45 extension at the wrist 80 to 90 flexion at the metacarpophalaneals and almost full extension of the proximal interphalaneal and distal[] Extremities that have teen burned should be splinted in functional position to minimize edema and contracture formation.[]

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