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148 Possible Causes for Fluctuating Hearing Loss, Nystagmus

  • Meniere's Disease

    Ménière's disease (MD) is characterized by episodic vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss and tinnitus, and by the presence of endolymphatic hydrops on postmortem examination.[] Periodic alternating nystagmus (PAN) is a spontaneous horizontal nystagmus that reverses direction periodically. PAN has been reported in acquired and congenital forms.[] The pathogenesis is endolymphatic hydrops and osteitis of the otic capsule which produces the characteristic fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus and ear pressure associated[]

  • Acoustic Neuroma

    Two patients had normal hearing function but reported tinnitus; two patients reported sudden hearing loss, with partial recovery; two patients had a history of fluctuating[] Hyperventilation for 30 seconds provoked an ipsilateral beating nystagmus and reproduced the vertiginous sensation in both subjects.[] […] neuroma (mainly intracanalicular type) were studied with a full audio-vestibular test battery (pure tone and speech audiometry, caloric bithermal test, vibration-induced nystagmus[]

  • Viral Labyrinthitis

    Not to be mistaken for… Symptoms of labyrinthitis are similar to those of Menière’s disease, which causes intermittent episodes of vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss with a[] […] properties of the horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflex (h-VOR) in the acute stage of two common labyrinthine diseases that provoke severe attacks of vertigo with spontaneous nystagmus[] Typically patients will have sensory neural hearing loss (SNHL) and vertigo .[]

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

    Its cause is not well understood, but Meniere’s disease has a classic trio of symptoms: fluctuating hearing loss in one ear, vertigo and tinnitus (ringing in the ears).[] A 50-year-old woman with BPPV who showed an 18 degree spontaneous nystagmus treated with Epley maneuver and a 53-year-old man with 3 degree spontaneous nystagmus.[] Down-beating positional nystagmus is typically associated with central nervous system disease.[]

  • Vestibular Neuronitis

    It is a clinical syndrome characterized by episodes of vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss, and tinnitus...[] We evaluated the vestibular functions, especially for positional nystagmus and caloric nystagmus, in 43 cases of vestibular neuronitis for long periods after its onset.[] It is suggested that the direction of nystagmus depends upon the severity of each vestibular dysfunction.[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) is the typical histopathologic feature of Ménière disease, a condition featured by episodes of vertigo, dizziness, fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus[] […] of the abducting eye, and vertical gaze-evoked nystagmus.[] In this report, we describe the management of a child with bilateral cataract, nystagmus, and comitant sensory esotropia.[]

  • Ear Disease

    hearing loss (idiopathic progressive sensorineural hearing loss group), and one was affected by fluctuating hearing loss (Meniere's disease group).[] Conclusions: We differentiated AICA from inner ear disease based on the variability in degree and frequency ange of hearing loss, the duration of vertigo, and the manifestation of nystagmus[] […] pathways Equilibrioception Vertigo / Balance disorder : peripheral Ménière's disease BPPV Vestibular neuronitis (Labyrinthitis) Perilymph fistula central ( Central positional nystagmus[]

  • Subclavian Steal Syndrome

    Patient B: had bilateral fluctuating hearing loss, recurrent vertigo, and asymmetry in the radial pulse and blood pressure between both sides.[] […] report the case of a 56-year-old man who presented with arterial hypotension, lightheadedness, vomiting, a sense of tingling in his right arm, and a right-beating horizontal nystagmus[] No cases of spontaneous nystagmus were observed. The positional nystagmus could be an isolated finding, in VBI, even if there were no other neurological signs 11 .[]

  • Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence

    loss, and fluctuating or progressive sensorineural hearing loss.[] Key points • The Tullio phenomenon is sound-induced vertigo , nystagmus , or both. • Hennebert sign is pressure-induced vertigo, nystagmus, or both, elicited by insufflation[] Diagnosis: Is based on the clinical history (auto phony, fluctuating hearing loss, acute or short-term vertigo).[]

  • Drop Attacks

    Ménière’s disease may start with fluctuating hearing loss, eventually progressing to attacks of vertigo and dizziness.[] Neither had sound- or pressure-induced nystagmus.[] […] is an inner ear disorder characterized by fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus, and episodic vertigo.[]

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