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153 Possible Causes for Fluctuating Level of Consciousness

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    The signs and symptoms of acute alcohol intoxication resemble those of vertebrobasilar stroke. Due to their shared symptoms including double vision, nystagmus, dysarthria, and ataxia, the differential diagnosis of alcohol intoxication and vertebrobasilar stroke may pose a challenge. Moreover, if alcohol intoxication[…][]

  • Stroke

    Has a depressed level of consciousness (Glasgow Coma Score below 13). Has unexplained progressive or fluctuating symptoms. Has papilloedema, neck stiffness or fever.[]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Other signs and symptoms of subdural hematoma include the following: A history of recent head injury Loss of consciousness or fluctuating levels of consciousness Irritability[] Seizures Pain Numbness Headache (either constant or fluctuating) Dizziness Disorientation Amnesia Weakness or lethargy Nausea or vomiting Personality changes Inability to[]

  • Drug Dependence

    Abstract Dependence is an unusual, but potentially serious complication of corticosteroid use. Two cases of prednisone dependence are reviewed; the first involving a patient with inflammatory orbital pseudotumor who developed a dependent pattern of prednisone use that persisted years after the resolution of the[…][]

  • Carotid Artery Occlusion

    We report a case of successful endovascular treatment of bilateral carotid artery occlusion with concurrent basilar apex aneurysm. An elderly female patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) onset was admitted to the hospital. Computed tomography (CT) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) confirmed the[…][]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    Abstract Recent investigations have indicated the importance of secondary brain damage in the pathophysiology of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), which includes ischemic brain damage and edema formation around a hematoma. The purpose of the current study is to investigate chronological changes of perihematomal[…][]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Abstract Headache is the presenting complaint in roughly 2% of ED visits. 1 Of all those with headache, about 1% will have Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH), 2-4 meaning 99% of ED headache patients do not have SAH. This makes selecting those patients a major diagnostic challenge. Among those with sudden-onset, severe[…][]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    Symptoms: changes in mental state, consciousness, behavior, personality forgetfulness confusion, disorientation delirium (acute, severe confusion with fluctuating level of[] A fluctuating level of consciousness is common, and progression to coma may occur rapidly.[] consciousness) dementia (loss of memory, intellect, reasoning, and other functions) changes in mood decreased alertness, daytime sleepiness decreased responsiveness, progressive[]

  • Epidural Hematoma

    Abstract Postoperative malalignment after either a laminectomy or a laminoplasty in pediatric cases is a well-known complication. A 5-year-old boy with a history of hemophilia A presented with severe paresis. MRI showed an extensive epidural hematoma extending from C2 to T1. We performed decompression of the spinal[…][]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    Infective endocarditis of mitral annular calcification (MAC) has been reported, however, little attention has been given to the possibility of cerebral-embolism based infective endocarditis of MAC. We report a chronic hemodialysis patient of massive cerebral embolism originated from ruptured infective MAC.[]

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