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58 Possible Causes for Focal Atrophy of Choroid

  • Hemochromatosis

    The spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed retinal pigmentary epithelial atrophy associated with irregularities and focal interruption of the ellipsoid zone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A thin retina was also observed in the foveolar region associated to a thickened choroid. Full-field electroretinogram showed a decrease of rods and cones responses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myopic Macular Degeneration

    […] pallor and tessellation, with lacquer cracks and posterior staphyloma, and focal areas of deep choroidal atrophy were visualised; M5: choroidal pallor and tessellation with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] posterior were visualised; M3: choroidal pallor and tessellation, with several yellowish lacquer cracks in Bruch's membrane and posterior staphyloma were visualised; M4: choroidal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Dominant Myopia Type 24

    On the basis of this report, clinicians should be alert to the possibility that ram il i es with autosomal dominant microcephaly and the classic focal areas of choroidal and[healio.com] […] retinal atrophy may also show high myopia, relevant ERG abnormalities, and short stature hitherto described only in the recessive form.[healio.com]

  • Retinal Angioma

    MRI revealed evidence of focal cortical atrophy, leptomeningeal enhancement, and right choroid plexus enlargement.[kjophthal.com]

  • Febrile Convulsions

    ; both infants had follow-up MRIs showing that hippocampal atrophy had developed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These patients demonstrate that prolonged and focal CFCs can occasionally produce acute hippocampal injury that evolves to hippocampal atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Of those with acute edema, 1 had electrographical seizure activity recorded in the temporal region and another had a choroid fissure cyst displacing the affected hippocampus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Papilledema

    Causes(Unilateral)  Foster kennedy syndrome  Previous unilateral optic atrophy.  Posterior fossa tumor.  Brain abcess.  Subarachnoid haemorrhage.  Optochiasmatic choroiditis[slideshare.net] .  Focal or diffuse cerebral edema.  Reduction in size of CranialVault.  Vitamin A toxicity. 6.[slideshare.net]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] A focal area of RPE atrophy was present in the temporal periphery.[westcoastretina.com] Rarely serous retinal detachment (damage/exudation in choroid/retinal pigment epithelium) or vitreous hemorrhage.[medium.com]

  • Parathyroid Adenoma

    The lesion demonstrated overlying focal choroidal atrophy (n 63, 35%) and retinal pigment epithelium atrophy (n 88, 49%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Juvenile Hemorrhagic Cystitis

    […] or choroiditis • Pars plana exudates (“snowbanking”) • Serous, tractional, or rhegmatogenous retinal detachment • Retinochoroidal atrophy • Choroidal and retinal neovascularization[medtextfree.wordpress.com] Posterior segment manifestations of uveitis may include the following: • Disc eccema • Macular edema • Retinal vasculitis • Perivascular exudates • Focal or diffuse retinitis[medtextfree.wordpress.com]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] Rarely serous retinal detachment (damage/exudation in choroid/retinal pigment epithelium) or vitreous hemorrhage.[medium.com]

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