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28 Possible Causes for Focal Atrophy of Choroid, Fundoscopy Abnormal

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] A focal area of RPE atrophy was present in the temporal periphery.[westcoastretina.com] Areas of retinal pigment epithelium clump and atrophy (Elschnig spots), forming from the focal acute white retinal pigment epithelium lesions.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Anterior segment examination showed no abnormalities for both eyes. The bilateral intraocular pressure was 16 mm Hg.[karger.com] Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] Computer-assisted image analysis can then be used to characterise more accurately abnormalities of the retinal microvasculature.[patient.info]

  • Retinal Angioma

    MRI revealed evidence of focal cortical atrophy, leptomeningeal enhancement, and right choroid plexus enlargement.[kjophthal.com]

  • Foveal Retinoschisis

    Fundoscopy is unremarkable. Visual fields show a relative central scotoma. ERG is the most useful tool in assessing function.[patient.info] Indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed a myopic fundus with posterior staphyloma and focal areas of deep choroidal atrophy inferior to the macula ( Fig. 1A ).[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] Inheritance - congenital achromatopsia is transmitted in an autosomal-recessive trait Presentation - patients present in early childhood with nystagmus, abnormal visual behaviour[patient.info]

  • Arteriosclerotic Retinopathy

    Areas of retinal pigment epithelium clump and atrophy (Elschnig spots), forming from the focal acute white retinal pigment epithelium lesions.[emedicine.medscape.com] Triangular patches of atrophy result from the occlusion of a larger-caliber choroidal vessel Chronic hypertensive optic nerve changes Optic disc pallor develops in chronic[emedicine.medscape.com] […] hemorrhages Nerve fiber layer losses Increased vascular tortuosity Remodeling changes due to capillary nonperfusion, such as shunt vessels and microaneurysms Chronic hypertensive choroidal[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Retinal Pigmentary Dystrophy

    Fundoscopy is unremarkable. Visual fields show a relative central scotoma. ERG is the most useful tool in assessing function.[patient.info] Beginning in the midperiphery there are focal areas of choroidal atrophy with well-circumscribed borders separating normal from abnormal tissue.[atlasrleye.com] Inheritance - congenital achromatopsia is transmitted in an autosomal-recessive trait Presentation - patients present in early childhood with nystagmus, abnormal visual behaviour[patient.info]

  • Mulibrey Nanism Syndrome

    The optic nerve and the macula appeared normal while the midperiphery showed focal choroidal hypoplasia with marked atrophy of the retina and of the pigment epithelium.[eurekamag.com] By fluorescein angiography areas of focal choroidal hypoplasia were noted.[eurekamag.com] Histopathological examination of a typical case revealed atrophy of the corneal epithelium and thickening of the Bowman's membrane.[eurekamag.com]

  • Retinitis

    Central healing of the lesions occurs after necrosis, leading to atrophy of the retina and choroid (27). The second pattern of retinitis is the granular or atypical one.[scielo.br] The retina shows granular focal infiltrates which increase linearly and slowly, leaving areas of retinal destruction with an atrophic retinal pigmentary epithelium allowing[scielo.br]

  • Papilledema

    Retinal thickness was increased in patients with an abnormal fundoscopy as compared to patients with a normal papil (TRT p 0.001).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Causes(Unilateral)  Foster kennedy syndrome  Previous unilateral optic atrophy.  Posterior fossa tumor.  Brain abcess.  Subarachnoid haemorrhage.  Optochiasmatic choroiditis[slideshare.net] RESULTS: Forty-three percent of fundoscopies revealed pathologic changes of the papil in at least one eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningomyelocele

    Contact lens fundoscopy revealed CMO in the right eye. There was no disc swelling. The left eye showed no fundal abnormalities.[nature.com] The initial CMO that had been noted had resolved leaving focal areas of chorioretinal atrophy and scattered areas of hyper- and hypopigmentation.[nature.com] At no stage was there any evidence of choroidal folds. His best corrected visual acuity was 2/36 in the right eye and remained 6/6 on the left.[nature.com]

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