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938 Possible Causes for Focal Atrophy of Choroid, P Mitrale, Prolonged PR Interval

  • Cardiomyopathy

    […] markedly longer chordae tendineae (DCM-lowMR: 24 [20-26] mm; controls: 14 [13-16] mm; P 0.01) and larger anterior leaflets (DCM-lowMR: 30 [27-31] mm; controls: 22 [20-24] mm; P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Four DCM patients with moderate-severe MR had unbalanced remodeling, such as excessive LV dilatation, short anterior mitral leaflets, and short chordae tendineae.The development[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    The hemodynamic effects of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are well known including systemic hypoperfusion and volume overload on the left ventricle. This article aims to provide a review of the long-standing effect of a hemodynamically significant PDA on the pulmonary vasculature and the role of cardiac[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    (30.4% vs. 19%, p 0.001).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ECG reveals no diagnostic changes, but 20% of patient show a prolonged PR interval. 15.[slideshare.net] PR interval[ 8 ] [ 9 ] (Cannot be included if carditis is present as a major symptom) Previous episode of rheumatic fever or inactive heart disease Other signs and symptoms[textbookofcardiology.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Morbid Obesity

    Diastolic Function Pulsed-wave Doppler E’-wave for mitral filling increased by 12.9cm/s (95%CI, 7.6-18.3) ( P P P .01).[revespcardiol.org] At 1-year follow-up, 58.5% showed a normal left ventricular geometric pattern ( P .02). Mitral inflow E/A ratio changed from 1.14 to 1.43 ( P P .06).[revespcardiol.org] Cardiac output, however, decreased significantly from 4.7 1.5 l/min/m 2 to 4.2 0.8 l/min/m 2 ( P .03).[revespcardiol.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Aortic Valve Disorder

    […] etiology and morphology of mitral regurgitation, which are important in determining suitability for mitral valve repair ( Figure 3 ).[aafp.org] PR interval).[gponline.com] […] the etiology and morphology of mitral regurgitation, which are important in determining suitability for mitral valve repair ( Figure 3 ) .[aafp.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Rheumatic Valvulitis

    P 1 (anterior), P 2 (middle), P 3 (posterior)―are the scallops (clefts or indendations) of PML (posterior mitral leaflet), A 1 , A 2 , A 3 ―are the corresponding segments[scirp.org] PR interval (unless carditis is a major criterion) ARF diagnosis (initial episode): The diagnosis of an initial episode of ARF requires two major criteria, or one major plus[acc.org] No patient developed mitral or aortic stenosis: this suggests that regular prophylaxis may prevent the development of stenosis.[circ.ahajournals.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Hemochromatosis

    The spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed retinal pigmentary epithelial atrophy associated with irregularities and focal interruption of the ellipsoid zone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A thin retina was also observed in the foveolar region associated to a thickened choroid. Full-field electroretinogram showed a decrease of rods and cones responses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: P Mitrale
  • AV Block Mobitz I

    The P waves are buried within the T waves. The PR interval is 280 milliseconds (about 7 small squares).[acls.com] PR interval gradually prolongs and the 5th beat from the left is not conducted. The cycle restarts and PR interval gradually prolongs again. Dr.[metealpaslan.com] The hallmark of Mobitz type 1 block is the gradual prolongation of PR intervals before a block occurs. Mobitz type 2 block has constant PR intervals before blocks occur.[ecgwaves.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • AV Block Mobitz II

    The P waves are buried within the T waves. The PR interval is 280 milliseconds (about 7 small squares).[acls.com] Commonly used terminology includes: First degree AV block – Delayed conduction from the atrium to the ventricle (defined as a prolonged PR interval of 200 milliseconds) without[uptodate.com] Every-other-P wave conducts – as determined by the presence of a fixed ( albeit prolonged ) PR interval preceding each QRS complex on the tracing.[ecg-interpretation.blogspot.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Second Degree Atrioventricular Block

    The P waves are buried within the T waves. The PR interval is 280 milliseconds (about 7 small squares).[acls.com] This case demonstrates the need for caution and interval cardiac testing when adding LCM to other AEDs known to prolong the PR interval.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the surface ECG this is realized through a prolonged PR interval.[ems12lead.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid