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523 Possible Causes for Focal Atrophy of Choroid, Prolonged PR Interval

  • Hemochromatosis

    The spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed retinal pigmentary epithelial atrophy associated with irregularities and focal interruption of the ellipsoid zone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A thin retina was also observed in the foveolar region associated to a thickened choroid. Full-field electroretinogram showed a decrease of rods and cones responses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperkalemia

    ., prolonged PR interval, wide QRS complex) as an alternative to 10 units of short acting insulin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , prolonged PR interval, prolonged QRS interval, loss of P wave, sine waves and finally ventricular fibrillation (see ECG guideline for normal values for age) ECG CHANGES[starship.org.nz] Notes The classic ECG progression in hyperkalemia is: Peaked T waves Prolonged PR interval and flattening of the P wave Widening of the QRS Sine wave However. you cannot rely[first10em.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Morbid Obesity

    Morbid obesity or clinically severe obesity is a condition characterized by body mass index (BMI) over 40 kg/m2, and involves serious health consequences. Morbid obesity is associated with a number of comorbidities that enhance the risk of mortality. Weight problems with symptoms of associated complications are the[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    .  Assessment findings: serum magnesium level is greater than 2.3mg/dl creatinine clearance decreases to less than 3.0ml/min ECG finding: prolonged PR interval : tall T waves[slideshare.net] Prolonged QT interval D. Shortened ST segment 68. A. Prominent U waves B. Prolonged PR interval C. Depressed ST segment D. Widened QRS complexes 69. A. Alcoholism B.[proprofs.com] The PR interval is prolonged. Occasionally sinoatrial (SA) block, second- or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block may develop.[ecgwaves.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle. Early on there may be few or no symptoms. Some people may have shortness of breath, feel tired, or have swelling of the legs due to heart failure. An irregular heart beat may occur as well as fainting. Those affected are at an increased risk of[…][en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • AV Block Mobitz I

    PR interval gradually prolongs and the 5th beat from the left is not conducted. The cycle restarts and PR interval gradually prolongs again. Dr.[metealpaslan.com] The hallmark of Mobitz type 1 block is the gradual prolongation of PR intervals before a block occurs. Mobitz type 2 block has constant PR intervals before blocks occur.[ecgwaves.com] Gradual prolongation of the PR interval. Blocked (non-conducted) P waves are shown by arrows.[metealpaslan.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • AV Block Mobitz II

    Commonly used terminology includes: First degree AV block – Delayed conduction from the atrium to the ventricle (defined as a prolonged PR interval of 200 milliseconds) without[uptodate.com] Every-other-P wave conducts – as determined by the presence of a fixed ( albeit prolonged ) PR interval preceding each QRS complex on the tracing.[ecg-interpretation.blogspot.com] In this variant of second degree heart block the PR interval is constant with occasional dropped beats as compared to the gradually prolonging PR interval in Mobitz type I[wikidoc.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Second Degree Atrioventricular Block

    This case demonstrates the need for caution and interval cardiac testing when adding LCM to other AEDs known to prolong the PR interval.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the surface ECG this is realized through a prolonged PR interval.[ems12lead.com] This is seen as progressive PR interval prolongation with each beat until a P wave is not conducted. There is an irregular R-R interval.[healio.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Sick Sinus Syndrome

    Pronounced PR interval prolongation. The effect of this PR interval prolongation on AV dyssynchrony is demonstrated in this ECG image.[emedicine.medscape.com] AV dyssynchrony resulting from severe PR interval prolongation in the setting of sinus rhythm.[emedicine.medscape.com] In this ECG, the PR interval is prolonged to the point that the P wave occurs coincident with the peak of the T wave.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    History As discussed in Pathophysiology, the ductus arteriosus is always patent in the fetus if the cardiovascular system is otherwise normal. Normally, the ductus arteriosus closes functionally in the first 10-18 hours of life. Prematurity, perinatal distress, and hypoxia delay closure of the ductus arteriosus;[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid

Further symptoms