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203 Possible Causes for Focal Atrophy of Choroid, Scintillating Scotoma

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] A focal area of RPE atrophy was present in the temporal periphery.[westcoastretina.com] Areas of retinal pigment epithelium clump and atrophy (Elschnig spots), forming from the focal acute white retinal pigment epithelium lesions.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] Areas of retinal pigment epithelium clump and atrophy (Elschnig spots), forming from the focal acute white retinal pigment epithelium lesions.[emedicine.medscape.com] Rarely serous retinal detachment (damage/exudation in choroid/retinal pigment epithelium) or vitreous hemorrhage.[medium.com]

  • Migraine

    Photopsia, fortification spectra, and the slow propagation of a scintillating scotoma across the visual field are typical diagnostic features of the visual aura of migraine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most auras are visual and are described as bright shimmering lights around objects or at the edges of the field of vision (called scintillating scotomas) or zigzag lines,[healthcommunities.com] A fortification spectrum is common or a spreading, scintillating scotoma in the shape of a jagged crescent. Geometric visual patterns and even hallucinations may occur.[patient.info]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Preeclampsia

    OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to evaluate the laboratory results and proteinuria levels of preeclamptic women and their relation-ships to maternal and fetal outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred preeclamptic pregnant women who gave birth in our clinic between 2013 and 2015 were included in our study[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Migrainous Stroke

    The migraine scintillating scotoma is often depicted in migraine aura art. Thanks for reading![relieve-migraine-headache.com] scotoma that fades within half an hour.[consults.blogs.nytimes.com] A fortification spectrum is common or a spreading, scintillating scotoma in the shape of a jagged crescent. Geometric visual patterns and even hallucinations may occur.[patient.info]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Migraine Headache Equivalent

    The classic scintillating scotoma with fortification spectrum is suggestive of migraine.[aao.org] scotoma) (25); visual symptoms and paresthesias (18); visual symptoms and speech disturbances (7); visual and brainstem symptoms (14); visual symptoms, paresthesias, and[medlink.com] scotoma is the most common symptom [11] which usually happens concurrently with Expanding Fortification Spectra. [12] Also frequently reported is monocular blindness. [13[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Carotid Artery Occlusion

    BACKGROUND: Acute cervical carotid artery occlusion presents with a severe neurological deficit and is associated with unfavorable outcomes. In this study, the authors report their experience with patients having had acute ischemic stroke due to cervical carotid occlusion, who underwent endovascular intervention.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Ophthalmic Migraine

    Certain visual signs occur before or during a migraine attack: perception of scintillating scotoma, or flickering; spots in vision.[health.ccm.net] Onset of pain may be preceded by a warning (i.e., aura), often consisting of bilateral scintillating scotomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] They are accompanied by visual disturbances often described as "scintillating scotoma" that are manifested as a type of lightning flashes in the visual field.[health.ccm.net]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Retinopathy

    When a permanent or temporary damage occurs to the retina of the eye, this is called as retinopathy. Mostly, retinopathy is observed as an ocular manifestation of systemic diseases like diabetes and hypertension. Symptoms are not visible properly in the case of hypertensive retinopathy. Some patients might report[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Focal Atrophy of Choroid
  • Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy

    […] and a temporal scotoma centered on the blind spot on an otherwise normal fundus.[ispub.com] Photoreceptor, RPE and choroidal atrophy are evident in zone 3) [10].[eyewiki.aao.org] INTRODUCTION Acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement (AIBSE) syndrome was first reported in 1988 by Fletcher et al.1 as a clinical entity presenting with sudden scintillations[ispub.com]

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