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89 Possible Causes for Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    […] in combination with parkinsonism DYT-13 1p36.32-p36.12.13 Early and Late Onset Focal or Onset in Cranial-Cervical Autosomal Dominant Focal or segmental dystonia, segmental[cmdg.org] […] region in upper limbs; mild course DYT-14 14q13 Dopa Responsive generalized dystonia Autosomal Dominant Early onset, leading to gait and postural abnormalities with generalized[cmdg.org] […] movements, response to alcohol combined with variable degrees of dystonia DYT-12 ATP1A3 19q13 Rapid Onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism Autosomal Dominant Acute or subacute onset of dystonia[cmdg.org]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Contralateral upper limb dystonia may develop and head and eye version to the contralateral side can occur.[epilepsydiagnosis.org] Lateral temporal lobe seizures may spread and motor features such as contralateral upper limb dystonia, facial twitching or grimacing, and head and eye version may occur.[epilepsydiagnosis.org] Evolution to a focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure is more common than in mesial temporal lobe seizures.[epilepsydiagnosis.org]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    […] syndrome Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Early-onset generalized limb-onset dystonia Focal, segmental or multifocal dystonia Generalized[se-atlas.de] The clinical picture consisted of focal dystonia affecting the neck, laryngeal muscles, and upper limbs accompanied by 6-Hz dystonic tremor with or without superimposed myoclonus[neupsykey.com] , DYT23 type Autosomal dominant focal dystonia, DYT7 type Cervical dystonia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Dystonia-aphonia syndrome Laryngeal[doczz.fr]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    The most common signs and symptoms in descending order are: asymmetric limb rigidity (100%), upper limb apraxia (91%), gait difficulties (89%), stimulation-sensitive focal[neuroweb.us] […] myoclonus (88%), eye movement abnormalities (particularly in later stages supranuclear horizontal or vertical gaze saccadic palsy) (78%), limb dystonia (77%), pyramidal signs[neuroweb.us]

  • Writer's Cramp

    Task-specific focal upper limb dystonia can be part of the phenotypic spectrum of different types of hereditary dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Contents: Methods Results Discussion Writer's cramp is a focal dystonia characterized by involuntary muscle contractions in the upper limb when the patient writes, despite[blepharospasm.ca]

  • Familial Recurrent Peripheral Facial Palsy

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] limb-onset distal myopathy Floating-Harbor syndrome Flynn-Aird syndrome Focal dermal hypoplasia Focal epilepsy-intellectual disability-cerebro-cerebellar malformation Focal[se-atlas.de] […] with intellectual disability Ferro-cerebro-cutaneous syndrome Fetal akinesia-cerebral and retinal hemorrhage syndrome Filippi syndrome Fingerprint body myopathy Finnish upper[se-atlas.de]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    Two had a somewhat atypical phenotype with focal and segmental upper-limb dystonia without further progression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] common, typically starts in the upper limbs, and remains focal. • Writer's cramp is the most common task-specific upper limb dystonia. • Suspected secondary limb dystonias[medlink.com] […] in combination with parkinsonism DYT-13 1p36.32-p36.12.13 Early and Late Onset Focal or Onset in Cranial-Cervical Autosomal Dominant Focal or segmental dystonia, segmental[cmdg.org]

  • Muscle Spasm

    Occupational cramps - eg, writer's cramp or musician's cramp (focal dystonias, usually affecting the upper limb).[patient.info]

  • Infantile-Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] limb-onset distal myopathy Floating-Harbor syndrome Flynn-Aird syndrome Focal dermal hypoplasia Focal epilepsy-intellectual disability-cerebro-cerebellar malformation Focal[se-atlas.de] […] with intellectual disability Ferro-cerebro-cutaneous syndrome Fetal akinesia-cerebral and retinal hemorrhage syndrome Filippi syndrome Fingerprint body myopathy Finnish upper[se-atlas.de]

  • Distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy Type 1

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[se-atlas.de] limb-onset distal myopathy Floating-Harbor syndrome Flynn-Aird syndrome Focal dermal hypoplasia Focal epilepsy-intellectual disability-cerebro-cerebellar malformation Focal[se-atlas.de] […] with intellectual disability Ferro-cerebro-cutaneous syndrome Fetal akinesia-cerebral and retinal hemorrhage syndrome Filippi syndrome Fingerprint body myopathy Finnish upper[se-atlas.de]

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