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94 Possible Causes for Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb, Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    The most common signs and symptoms in descending order are: asymmetric limb rigidity (100%), upper limb apraxia (91%), gait difficulties (89%), stimulation-sensitive focal[] […] cortical spikes detected by the jerk-locked back-averaging) ( Ikeda et al., 1990 ).[] spikes detected by the jerk-locked back averaging (JLA) method), and a good response to antiepileptic drugs. 2 BAFME was first reported in 1990 in the Japanese population[]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    premyoclonus spikes Hand tremor Neuronal loss in central nervous system Cutaneous photosensitivity Hyperreflexia Heterogeneous Weight loss Dystonia Splenomegaly Thrombocytopenia[] […] callosum Muscular hypotonia Infantile onset Intellectual disability, moderate Intention tremor Progressive neurologic deterioration Absence seizures Nevus EEG abnormality Jerk-locked[]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Contralateral upper limb dystonia may develop and head and eye version to the contralateral side can occur.[] Lateral temporal lobe seizures may spread and motor features such as contralateral upper limb dystonia, facial twitching or grimacing, and head and eye version may occur.[] Evolution to a focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure is more common than in mesial temporal lobe seizures.[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    […] in combination with parkinsonism DYT-13 1p36.32-p36.12.13 Early and Late Onset Focal or Onset in Cranial-Cervical Autosomal Dominant Focal or segmental dystonia, segmental[] […] region in upper limbs; mild course DYT-14 14q13 Dopa Responsive generalized dystonia Autosomal Dominant Early onset, leading to gait and postural abnormalities with generalized[] […] movements, response to alcohol combined with variable degrees of dystonia DYT-12 ATP1A3 19q13 Rapid Onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism Autosomal Dominant Acute or subacute onset of dystonia[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    […] syndrome Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Early-onset generalized limb-onset dystonia Focal, segmental or multifocal dystonia Generalized[] The clinical picture consisted of focal dystonia affecting the neck, laryngeal muscles, and upper limbs accompanied by 6-Hz dystonic tremor with or without superimposed myoclonus[] , DYT23 type Autosomal dominant focal dystonia, DYT7 type Cervical dystonia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Dystonia-aphonia syndrome Laryngeal[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Open-Angle Glaucoma

    Furthermore, the mother of patient IV:6 was observed to have upper limb dystonia. Figure 1. Clinical findings in family DYAF09. A, Pedigree of the family.[] Filled symbols indicate optic atrophy plus syndrome; quarter-filled symbol, focal dystonia.[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Writer's Cramp

    Task-specific focal upper limb dystonia can be part of the phenotypic spectrum of different types of hereditary dystonia.[] Contents: Methods Results Discussion Writer's cramp is a focal dystonia characterized by involuntary muscle contractions in the upper limb when the patient writes, despite[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    Two had a somewhat atypical phenotype with focal and segmental upper-limb dystonia without further progression.[] […] common, typically starts in the upper limbs, and remains focal. • Writer's cramp is the most common task-specific upper limb dystonia. • Suspected secondary limb dystonias[] […] in combination with parkinsonism DYT-13 1p36.32-p36.12.13 Early and Late Onset Focal or Onset in Cranial-Cervical Autosomal Dominant Focal or segmental dystonia, segmental[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Familial Recurrent Peripheral Facial Palsy

    […] epilepsy syndrome Costello syndrome Crane-Heise syndrome Cranial nerve and nuclear aplasia Cranio-cervical dystonia with laryngeal and upper-limb involvement Craniodigital-intellectual[] limb-onset distal myopathy Floating-Harbor syndrome Flynn-Aird syndrome Focal dermal hypoplasia Focal epilepsy-intellectual disability-cerebro-cerebellar malformation Focal[] […] with intellectual disability Ferro-cerebro-cutaneous syndrome Fetal akinesia-cerebral and retinal hemorrhage syndrome Filippi syndrome Fingerprint body myopathy Finnish upper[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Muscle Spasm

    Occupational cramps - eg, writer's cramp or musician's cramp (focal dystonias, usually affecting the upper limb).[]

    Missing: Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes

Further symptoms